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2017, Vol.13, No.6

  • 1.

    Effects of Risk Information Component of Media and Knowledge on Risk Controllability - Focusing on Infectious Disease -

    SONG, HAE RYONG | wonje kim | 2017, 13(6) | pp.1~14 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of risk information component in media and knowledge on risk controllability of the public, focusing on infectious disease. The data were collected from 1,000 participants in Korea and analyzed by the correlation analysis, reliability analysis and structural equation modeling analysis using IBM SPSS 21 and IBM AMOS 21 programs. The results were as follows. First, risk information component in media on infectious diseases had a positive influence on knowledge about infectious diseases. Second, knowledge on infectious diseases had a positive influence on risk controllability. Third, risk information component in media on infectious diseases had no significant effect on risk controllability.
  • 2.

    Policy Research on Health and Safety Measures for Firefighters in Korea

    Sang Chul Kim | 2017, 13(6) | pp.15~34 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The objective of this research is to find ways to improve health and safety systems for firefighters through examining the distinctiveness of firefighters' work environment in South Korea and analyzing health and safety policies in several developed countries such as United States, England, and Japan. Firefighting is a dangerous field-based activity that includes risk of exposure to poisonous gas and severe injuries, which could be life-threatening. When the stress level of become high and chronic, firefighters could develop side effects such as cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure, and mental breakdown that tend to lead to alcoholic addition, heavy smoking, and even suicide. Thus, this research suggests new policies to build up safer environments where firefighters can develop a high sense of duty, along with the direction for further research.
  • 3.

    A Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of Batterer Intervention Programs in the Republic of Korea

    HaYoung Jung | Hyesun Joo | 2017, 13(6) | pp.35~49 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to give a systematic review of the effectiveness of batterer intervention programs (BIPs) in the Republic of Korea and to analyze the roles of service providers and government organizations in order to provide more evidence-based BIPs. The literature on the effectiveness of BIPs from 1998 (the year the domestic violence laws were passed) to 2017 was reviewed and 13 articles were selected for the systematic review according to the CONSORT2010 checklist. Results show that CBT is frequently utilized in BIPs and offenders are legally obligated to spend the required counseling hours within a given period of time. It is also found that most research designs were not able to build a control group. Discussions based on the review include the establishment of evidence-based BIPs and programs tailored to fit different sub-types of offenders.
  • 4.

    A Study on Measures to Conflict Resolution in Case of Stabilization Operations in North Korea

    Na seung hak | Cheol Ho Yang | 2017, 13(6) | pp.51~68 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study aims to suggest solutions for resolving conflicts in the midst of stabilization operation, which emerges as critical in modern war but has been insufficiently researched. For this purpose, various examples were applied to the factors suggested by the March and Simon’s collective conflict model, such as the need for shared decision making, goal differentiation and different cognitive factors, through which the adequacy of the factors of the collective conflict model were verified. The measures to conflict resolution in case of stabilization operations in North Korea suggested in this study include military integration based on shared decision making, promotion under the unified goal, shared common value and social norm among the society’s members, and establishment of values and identity for achieving social integration. The study helps recognize the need for research and development on conflict resolution.
  • 5.

    Understanding the Impacts of Disasters on Economic Growth: Application of Solow Growth Model and Its Implications

    CHOI, CHOONGIK | 2017, 13(6) | pp.69~83 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This article attempts to examine the impacts of disasters on economic growth with the application of the Solow growth model. The paper employs the Solow growth model as a methodology, which represents a neoclassical growth theory in economics. The key idea of this research begins with the assumption that the degree of disaster damage differs across the countries as they have different socioeconomic systems in the spatiotemporal context. In the Solow growth model, it is assumed that there are three main causes of economic growth; increase in the stock of capital, growth in labor input and technological progress. This research has a theoretical basis on the hypothesis that disasters have a strong influence on the national or regional economic system. The results support that the disastrous effects on economic growth depend on the economic status of countries or regions. In addition, the Solow growth model reveals economic inequality in the impacts of disasters.
  • 6.

    Structural Relationships among Public’s Risk Characteristics, Trust, Risk Perception and Preventive Behavioral Intention - The Case of MERS in Korea -

    Chanwon Kim | SONG, HAE RYONG | 2017, 13(6) | pp.85~95 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The present study examined a causal relationship among risk characteristics, trust, risk perception and preventive behavioral intention on MERS risk/crisis situation. The baseline survey was conducted for a total of 285 adults living in Seoul, South Korea. A structural equation modelling was used to examine a causal relationship among risk characteristics, trust, risk perception and preventive behavioral intention. Results from the structural equation modelling indicated that risk characteristics were positively associated with risk perception. Trust was negatively associated with risk perception, but positively related to preventive behavioral intention. It is also found that risk perception was positively associated with preventive behavioral intention. The findings indicate that risk characteristics are significant predictors of risk perception, and both trust and risk perceptions are the key factors facilitating preventive behavioral intention.
  • 7.

    Failure Modes and Effects Analysis of Electrical System at Indoor Wires and Wiring Appliances

    Kim, Sang-cheol | 2017, 13(6) | pp.97~109 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study analyzed the risks of indoor wires and wiring appliances by looking into statistical data, relevant laws, and actual conditions. In addition, it classified the components to find a failure mode with the use of the reliability evaluation software that can apply the Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) technique, and drew a risk priority index and the degree of importance. Regarding the components of indoor wires and wiring appliances, their importance factors were panel, MCCB/ELB, connector, switch, outlet, plug, socket and electric wire, of which outlet, plug, electric wire and connector had the highest failure mode. In addition, it is found that the overheat induced by outlet overload caused an electric fire and increased electric disasters of indoor wires and wiring appliances. The study results are applicable to the fires with the risk of human disaster and the risk of life safety on household items.
  • 8.

    Construction and Application of Rainfall-Runoff Model during Low Flow at Youngsan River Watershed

    Hyung San Kim | Maeng, Seung-jin | Ju Ha Hwang and 1other persons | 2017, 13(6) | pp.111~122 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Since 1981, Youngsan river bank has become hollow and its water management has become ineffective. Following the project revitalizing the four major rivers in Korea that started in 2008, it is necessary to establish a new water management system due to the increase in the number of water structures. In this study, the SSARR model was selected to simulate the water circulation process at Youngsan river watershed, and the water circulation system for the Youngsan lake was established using the observed input data. The parameters calibration was performed from 2008 to 2009, which was verified with the data from 2013 to 2014. According to the varication with the 2013-14 data, the average absolute error of the last three stations was 4.7㎥/s in 2013 and 7.8㎥/s in 2014, respectively. The water circulation system applied in this study could help carry out an efficient water management of freshwater lake in Korea.
  • 9.

    An Approach of Enhance Disaster Mitigation Measures for Prior Consultations on Examination of Factors Influencing Disasters

    Chang Jae Kwak | 2017, 13(6) | pp.123~138 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study aims to point out structural limitations of the Prior Consultations on Examination of Factors Influencing Disasters based on the Countermeasures Against Natural Disaster Act and suggest the measures of enhancing disaster mitigation. This system reviews both structural and non-structural measures to mitigate the effects of seven types of disasters (river; heavy rain, etc.). Structural measures include any physical construction to reduce possible impacts of hazards and the application of engineering techniques or technology to achieve hazard resistance and resilience in structures or systems. Non-structural measures do not involve physical construction processes but use knowledge, practice or agreement to reduce disaster impacts, particularly through policies and laws, public awareness enhancement, training and education. Considering that structural measures tend to fail in case of excessive disasters surpassing a designed frequency, both structural and non-structural measures should be augmented against unexpected disasters.
  • 10.

    The Current Situations of Earthquake Manuals and Its Policy Recommendations

    Myoung Jin Lee | Hyun Seung Cho | 2017, 13(6) | pp.139~151 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Although earthquakes occur constantly in South Korea, there is a shortage of human resources for responding to earthquakes in the Ministry of Public Safety and Security (MPSS). Despite the growing seriousness of earthquake risks, the risk management manuals of earthquake have failed to function effectively in most disaster scenes. The development of disaster management manuals should be based on the Framework Act on the Management of Disaster Safety for each type of disasters, and the risk management manuals of earthquake should be developed respectively as a standard manual. We found the fact that no translation of the manuals was offered to foreigners and publicity activities for improving public safety and responsiveness were insufficient during earthquakes in Korea. In this regard, it is concluded that earthquake manuals should be further improved and behavioral know-hows should continue to be publicized.
  • 11.

    A Study on Emotional Labor and Job Satisfaction among Firefighters in Korea

    Seong Cho | Ryu Sang Il | Lee, Min-kyu | 2017, 13(6) | pp.153~160 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of emotional labor on job satisfaction among firefighters and the discrepancy in their emotional labor and job satisfaction between the indoor and outdoor workers. According to the study results, emotional labor had no significant effect on job satisfaction among indoor service fire-fighters, while the frequency of emotional expressions and emotional discordance had a negative effect on job-satisfaction among outdoor-service fire-fighters. Such difference is mostly because of the gap in the frequency of interactions with civilians between the two job types. This research highlights an urgent need of the system and programs specifically for mitigating emotional labor of fire-fighters in Korea.
  • 12.

    Innovation Crisis and Intrinsic Rigidity in Public Organizations in Korea

    EUNMI LEE | Kim, Dongwook | Lee Chang-Kil | 2017, 13(6) | pp.161~177 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study explores whether or not the system-wide change can be reconstructed as a micro approach through idea competition in the public organization. For the purpose, this research differentiates the system into the smallest Institutional factors and analyzes word by word. It analyzes the Korean economic policy directions from 2001 to 2016 by the text mining method. The analytical results show that the proportion of existing words maintaining the system continuity has decreased as the system has persisted for a longer duration and they were replaced by the newly-introduced institutional factors. The neutral institutional factors have functioned to make the economic policy directions differentiated from generation to generation and to cope with the policy environments in a resilient manner.