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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

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2017, Vol.13, No.8

  • 1.

    Factors Affecting Safety Awareness and Emergency Response Capability among Employees of Public Facilities

    Kyung Hui Hwang | Ogcheol Lee | 2017, 13(8) | pp.1~12 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    This study aimed to identify the level of safety awareness and emergency response capability of public facility employees and the relevant influencing factors. Samples were randomly collected from employees working at airport, subway, shopping center, and bus terminal located in three big cities in Korea. Analysis of completed questionnaires from 200 respondents revealed that the level of safety awareness was above moderate, while their emergency response capability was relatively low. The higher safety awareness, the higher emergency response capability. The significant factors affecting safety awareness were facilities and education, whereas those affecting emergency response capability were facilities, gender, and first aid training. In conclusion, regular safety education and first aid training for all employees can improve the emergency response capability of public facility employees. Further research is recommended to develop a customized educational program based on the assessment of the specific needs of public facility workers.
  • 2.

    Exceptional Health Situation and Crisis Avoidance - Focusing on the Infectious Disease Emergency Preparedness and Response System in France -

    Haemi PARK | Daejung Kim | 2017, 13(8) | pp.13~26 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    Considering that crisis management is not only the matter of information uncertainty and time pressure, but also decision making and strategies, a systemic approach would help analyze crisis management for infectious disease. During the MERS outbreak in 2015, the South Korean government prepared various measures to improve the infectious disease control system. This research aims to provide the organizational factors to avoid an infectious disease crisis by investigating the infectious disease management system in France. What is unique in France is that the central government undertakes the decision making process and the local authority collects the signals. In particular, ARS (Regional Agency of Health) plays a key role in preparing and responding in crisis. In addition to a systemic approach, we identified the importance of strategic elements for crisis avoidance, such as overcoming selfishness, securing flexibility and constructing the sense of the organization.
  • 3.

    Comparing Risk Assessments of School Field Trips between Korea and the UK

    Kim,Kyung-hwoi | Jae Hun Jung | 2017, 13(8) | pp.27~42 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study compares risk assessments of school field trips between Korea and the UK. The safety management of Korean schools is comparable to that of UK schools, but several differences were discovered. First, Korean schools encourage parents’ participation as a formal element of risk assessment, while UK schools emphasize professional assistance from external institutions. Second, UK schools assess all on-site activities during school field trips, whereas Korean schools assess only the safety and hygiene of the facilities. Third, Korean assessors check whether the facilities follow safety regulations, but UK assessors control residual risks based on quantitative risk estimation. Fourth, the adventure activities licensing system in the UK requires all outdoor activity facilities to release their safety information to the public.
  • 4.

    Fake News and Journalism’s Credibility Crisis - Phenomena and Alternatives -

    Hong Sook Yeong | Euichul Jung | 2017, 13(8) | pp.43~60 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    This study aims to provide measures to address the situation where fake news is created due to distortion of public opinion and expansion of social conflicts. After investigating fake news phenomena from diverse theoretical frames and relevant cases, it analyzed the complex social and cultural contexts of fake news phenomena and at the same time interviewed 14 experts from diverse areas, such as journalists, media scholars, PR experts, politicians, judges, media related civic activists, etc. The findings inform that the social context of fake news consist of advancement in media technology, media commercialization, partisanship, the polarization of public opinion, and confirmation bias. What are suggested by the experts as proactive measures to prevent fake news include the development of technological tools, fact checking methods and concrete fake news guidelines as well as media education, in collaboration with the media, academics and civic organizations.
  • 5.

    A Basic Experimental Analysis of Air Bubble Barrier

    Hyungjoon Chang | Hyosang Lee | Hojin Lee and 1other persons | 2017, 13(8) | pp.61~68 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    A power plant is one of the key infrastructures for developed countries. These plants are occasionally shut down by the intrusion of marine life (seaweed, fish, Jellyfish, shrimp, etc.), which causes serious socio-economic problems. Air bubble barrier have been used to prevent sea life from entering the power plant intake port and stopping power plants. In this study, an experimental device is developed to analyze the vertical behavior of air bubbles. The empirical equations are presented by measuring the rising speed of air bubble by water depth according to the amount of air injection. The proposed empirical equations will be used as a basic tool for the design of an air bubble barrier, which is expected to contribute to secure the operational stability of power plants.
  • 6.

    The Direction of Recovery for Large-scale Complex Disasters in Korea - The Case of Disaster Recovery Strategy in Japan -

    Young Ho Eom | Kwang Ho Eom | Seung Hye Han and 1other persons | 2017, 13(8) | pp.69~84 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    For the purpose of reviewing the Korean government’s direction of disaster recovery for large-scale complex damages and making policy recommendations for the disaster recovery strategy in Korea, we analyzed the recovery and revival strategies of the Japanese government against the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011. At the core of Japan’s response to the damage is the establishment of a new organization to maximize disaster management capabilities, revise the taxation system to secure budget stability and classify special laws under the basic law. In Korea, disaster-related laws are not redundant or typified, and budgetary measures are limited to special support by the central government. Therefore, it is necessary to readdress the basics such as the establishment of a dedicated organization for disaster management and the planning for stabilizing budget and enacting laws.
  • 7.

    A Study on Improvements of the Legal System for Requesting the Third Party Information in Crime Investigation

    KIM, GIBUM | 2017, 13(8) | pp.85~100 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    As the importance of the third party information as an investigative lead increases, there has been a growing concern about privacy violation. Although the criminal procedure law and other related laws in Korea require a warrant issued by a judge to obtain the third party information, this warrant requirement does not properly reflect a changing investigative environment based on the ICT mechanism. This has also raised controversy over the legality of the current practices of law enforcement agencies with respect to requesting the third party information. Therefore, this paper proposes to establish a “basic law of third party information request” which requires a court’s permission in lieu of warrant; systemizes a notification structure to guarantee the rights of data subjects and third parties, and establishes procedures for information disclosure and third party objection. In terms of the effectiveness of crime investigation, this law needs to set out the procedures for urgent request of information and the system of emergency protection order and provide a non-facing/copy execution of a warrant and mandatory identification of an investigator.
  • 8.

    An Analysis of the Flood Mitigation Effect from Construction of the New Channel at Eunhaengcheon Stream Using 2-D Numerical Modeling

    Moo Pyung Baek | Won Jun Tak | Jun Kye Won and 1other persons | 2017, 13(8) | pp.101~112 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The climate of South Korea is characterized by concentrated rainfall during summer. This tends to increase water level rapidly during the flood season, which could lead to disasters. Rapid urbanization lessens the natural drainage and flood mitigation capacity in the city, which may increase the scale of the disaster. This study focuses on the urban centers and the areas in Eunhaengcheon stream where frequent inundations have been reported since they are vulnerable to excessive water level increase during the flooding season. In this regard, under the assumption that a new channel is installed at the stream as a safeguard against flooding, the study conducted numerical river modeling by using the RMA-2 model. The study also compared the hydraulic characteristics before and after the installation of the new channel at the stream to identify the related details such as flow rate distribution, super-elevation, water impact area and dead zone. It then analyzed the impact of the new channel installation on the river along with its flood mitigation effect.
  • 9.

    Exploring the Adaptability of Korean Disaster/Safety Management Technologies to the ASEAN Countries

    Lee, Chi Hun | Hyun Jin Park | Hyun Seung Cho | 2017, 13(8) | pp.113~131 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Natural disasters around the world have caused the huge amount of casualties and economic loss every year, 70 percent of which have occurred in the countries located in the East Asia-Pacific region causing over 80 percent of global disaster victims. In this region, the natural disasters occurred from 1980 to 2014 caused over one million casualties and more than four hundred million victims. In order to contribute to the efforts of the international communities to mitigate damages from disasters, this research examined and categorized the disaster/safety management technologies developed by the Ministry of Public Safety and Security in the Republic of Korea, from 2009 to 2013. The findings from this research suggested that the Korean disaster/safety management technologies should be applied preferentially to mitigate disaster damages in the ASEAN countries by investigating and analyzing the types of disasters and the extent of their damages in each country.
  • 10.

    A Study on the Appropriateness of Practical Application of Flood Inundation Analysis in Urban Area Using the Dual Drainage Model

    Yang Sil Yoon | RHEE, KYOUNGHun | In Ho Oh | 2017, 13(8) | pp.133~145 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The Ministry of Environment in Korea has recently designated and managed key management areas of flood inundation. The purpose of this study is to study the double drainage system for flood disaster prevention in order to efficiently apply the system to actual sewer system planning and maintenance. We used the parameter estimation method for simulation of the double drainage system and applied the method for continuous rainfall for simulation. We considered the efficient sewerage system for flood disaster prevention in the flood damage area according to the sewage simulation procedure by the Ministry of Environment and examined the maintenance method applied to the plan. In the future, it is necessary to establish a long-term plan to prevent disasters over 50 years, based on not only a simple simulation-based maintenance but also continuous analysis and management of flood-damaged areas.
  • 11.

    A Relationship Study of Parent Abuse, Depression, Social Withdrawal, Delinquency Victimization and Cyber Delinquency among High School Adolescents

    Kim, Sunah | 2017, 13(8) | pp.147~163 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The aim of this study was to explore the effects of parent abuse, depression, social withdrawal, delinquency victimization, and cyber delinquency among high school adolescents. This study used the Korea Youth Child Panel Survey (KYCPS) wave 5 data, including 2,091 male and female high school students nationwide. The results from a structural equation modeling (SEM) with the data revealed that delinquency victimization and social withdrawal had positive significant effects on cyber delinquency. In addition, parent abuse had positive significant effects on depression and social withdrawal, while indirect effects of parent abuse were not found. Based on these results, strategies for preventing and intervening in cyber delinquency were discussed, along with the limitations of the study.
  • 12.

    Diagnosing Public Risk Perception and Government’s Risk Communication - Focusing on Science and Technology -

    Jaesun Wang | Sunhee Kim | 2017, 13(8) | pp.165~189 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Considering that the science/technology is the key factor in social development and innovation, its acceptance depends on the risk perception toward it. Our study aims to analyze the level of risk perception about science- technology, sources of and trust in risk information, and the level of government’s risk communication. The results include, first, that the public show a higher risk perception when risk issues have been specified. Second, people depend on the information from the media and internet rather than government. Third, government provides information about safety more than risk whereas the public have little experience in government’s risk communication. This paper implies that government should adopt the strategies to reduce risk perception toward nuclear energy, by disseminating the information via internet as a main media, and taking balanced efforts to provide the safety and risk information.
  • 13.

    A Study on the Safety Culture in Korea after the Sewol Ferry Disaster

    Jin Chae | 2017, 13(8) | pp.191~206 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to present policy proposals for the establishment of the safety culture in Korea through an empirical analysis. According to the study results, among the significant variables affecting the perception of safety culture, safety inspection, hazard elimination, and disaster management plan were found to be significant factors influencing safety culture during the disaster prevention stage. During the disaster preparedness stage, disaster resource management, disaster information sharing, and disaster management education were influential variables in determining safety culture. During the disaster response stage, minimization of disaster damage and disaster alarm issuance were found to be significant determinants. During the disaster recovery stage, disaster management evaluation, provision of temporary housing, and disaster victim counseling were found to be influential for safety culture.