The aim of this study is to examine the effect of socio-demographic, injury-related, and pre-injury job characteristics on the types of return-to-work among injured workers in South Korea. This study used the data from 1,993 injured workers in 2012 based on the first wave of the Panel Study of Worker’s Compensation Insurance (PSWCI). According to the results, workers who were in their 40s and 50s, living with spouse, working in a company with 100 employees or less, had less than three months of medical care, good health status, and worked for a long period as a regular employee were more likely to return to pre-injury job or find a new job. Thus, policy makers and practitioners need to consider not only socio-demographic and injury-related characteristics but also pre-injury job characteristics when designing return-to-work programs for injured workers in South Korea.
In recent years, there has been a rapid increase in safety-related accidents within university research facilities due to unsafe conditions, insecure behavior, and administrative causes, which requires systematic safety management. According to current laboratory safety laws, the safety education is limited to only the science and technology laboratories and its contents fail to incorporate the unique characteristics and risk factors of each laboratory. In order to solve those problems, we suggest a new education system that can cover various academic fields and majors. We conducted a risk analysis for identifying high-risk majors and presented a customized education module for those majors. Additionally, we derived educational modules ensuring the university-wide EHS (Environment, Health and Safety) rather than conventional safety education limited to experimental features. Finally, we suggested ways to organize educational contents by safety module, along with the selection criteria of the curriculum.
The purpose of this study is to characterize the organizational metaphors by analyzing language examples used by the chief managers of the military police and the police organization and compare the two organizations. The results of this study through metaphor analysis were as follows. First, the characteristics of the military police and the police organizations are periodically different when it comes to the use of metaphors. Second, the chief managers of the police organization rely on a diverse metaphor, keeping up with the times. Third, the chief managers of the military police lack understanding of metaphors and have limitations when they try to sympathize with their members about their main polices. Fourth, from an organization metaphor analysis, it is found that both the military police and the police organizations have often used machine and culture related metaphors throughout the history.
As cigarette smoking during college years could affect the entire lifespan, it is important to help establish a healthy lifestyle by correcting their unhealthy smoking habits. The purposes of this preliminary study were to examine the differences in smoking cessation motivation and perceived competence between quitters and non-quitters after the smoking cessation program and to identify factors associated with the program success in college students. A cross-sectional descriptive study was used to examine a total of 51 college students who participated in the 6-month on-campus smoking cessation program. The rate of successful smoking cessation was 35.3%. Quitters and non-quitters showed differences in the number of cigarettes per day, nicotine dependence, and perceived competence. The factors associated with success in smoking cessation include perceived competence and the number of cigarettes per day, which should be effectively incorporated into the smoking cessation program in college students.
This study aims to propose a plan for support systems for disaster vulnerable population in Korea. The findings from the survey of civil servants and experts on disaster safety policy were as follows: first, there is a need of standardizing the terminology (46.7%), and the most appropriate term is “disaster vulnerable” population (44.8%). Second, the legislation is required for vulnerable population (81.9%), particularly the revision of the Framework Act on the Management of Disasters and Safety (55.2%). Third, the most vulnerable groups are the disabled (41.0%), children (29.5%) and the aged (22.9%). Fourth, the roles of the public sector for disaster and safety management are legislation (46.7%) and practical training and education (21.0%). Fifth, the policy alternatives recommended include consideration of special conditions of vulnerable population (53.3%) and operation of the department exclusively dedicated to vulnerable population (57.1%). Lastly, securing professional staff (41.1%) and relevant budget (28.6%) is imperative.
The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of the traumatic event experiences of firefighters on their post-traumatic stress symptoms and coping behaviors. The subjects in this study were 557 selected firefighters who worked in fire stations in a province in South Korea. This survey was implemented from February 7 to July 8, 2015. The data were analyzed by frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, factor analysis, Cronbach’s alpha analysis, and correlation analysis using SPSS (Win 20.2). In addition, structural equation modelling was carried out to test the hypotheses of the study. The results are as follows. First, traumatic event experiences were found to have affected stress symptoms. Second, traumatic event experiences were found to have exerted an influence on coping behaviors. Third, traumatic stress symptoms were found to have impacted on coping behaviors. Given the findings of the study, institutional measures should take into account the domestic circumstances to relieve the post-traumatic stress of firefighters.
Relying upon the recent sociology and political science literature on social support and social capital theory, this study tested the hypotheses that the areas with higher levels of social support and social capital have higher voting rates in election. As voting participation rates vary widely in regions in Korea, the level of social support and social capital provided by local government also varies by their financial and social condition. Using the data collected on 229 regions in Korea, the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression was used to estimate the effects of social support and social capital on the regional voting rates in election, after controlling for other structural variables. As expected, the results provided some partial support for direct effects of social capital on the voting rates. However, there are no significant direct effects of social support on the voting rates.
The study aims to analyze factors that influence passengers’ responses to traffic accidents, such as their recognition of accidents after they were sent to the emergency room. Among a total of 127 respondents, 41 patients lost consciousness and 86 patients were without loss of sight. No significant difference was found between the two groups on average age (p = 0.984) and age distribution (p = 0.736). Only 26 people knew the location of their car, and only about 55 people owned the towing company’s business cards. 29 people had other families or acquaintances who had the information of their car, but 17 had no idea about their car. There was no difference in average age among the four groups (p = 0.329). In conclusion, it is found that traffic accidents could cause anxiety and a high probability of short-term memory loss, particularly for female drivers.
Due to recent climate change, the frequency of heavy rainfalls and sediment disasters is increasing. In order to prevent damages caused by sediment disaster and implement a comprehensive sediment control, a time-series analysis of sediment discharge data is essential. However, in South Korea, it is difficult to measure them directly as they use conventional meters as measurement, which prevents research from presenting a quantitative relationship between hydrological factors and mechanisms with regard to sediment transport. In this regard, the study attempted to overcome difficulties related to the measurement of soil particle transport in river channel. It used acoustic signals to recognize the transport of sediment particles and established an indoor waterway experiment equipment with a hydrophone. As a result, it is found that the minimum threshold value for the main collision of individual particles perceived by hydrophone increased as the supply flow rate and the size of sediment particles increased.
Korea is rapidly becoming the aging society. According to statistics from the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the proportion of elderly people aged 65 or over is expected to reach 13.1% in 2015 and 32.4% in 2040. With the increase in economic activity, more and more dementia patients have disappeared due to weak family ties and lack of family care support. Nevertheless, the Ministry of Health and Welfare and the police have faced the limit of responding to the disappearance of dementia patients using identification tags or the fingerprint pre-registration system. Currently, it is unclear how the police should respond and investigate the disappearance of patients with dementia. We investigate the causes of missing patients with dementia and propose cause-specific investigation methods and improvement measures.
The Philippines is vulnerable to climate change and has been seriously affected by earthquake and water-related disasters such as typhoons and floods. Therefore, there is a need to strengthen disaster management and mitigation plans through disaster prevention policies and relevant technologies (observation, forecast, response system, etc.). For the improvement of disaster management and disaster prevention technology, it is necessary to select the subjects of intensive disaster management. In this study, we investigated natural disaster damages in the Philippines, and applied the consequence/probability matrix technique to select the subjects of intensive disaster management. The selection criteria adopted the concept of risk appetite of ISO 22301, and proposed an alternative for each subject of intensive disaster management through the Risk Heat Map.
The goal of this research is to find out whether or not the crisis communication message strategy in other countries can be suitably applied to the current situation in Korea. Based on the review of the applicability, it proposes a new strategy for the Korean cases. The results from a comparative evaluation of the crisis communication message between the professional and public showed that 42% of the ‘accident’-type crises and 37% of the ‘violation’-type crises are missing, which indicates the current message types do not work properly. We propose the five new message strategies such as ‘wish’, ‘mourning’, ‘empathy’, ‘request’, and ‘subject of an apology’. Finally, no significant difference was found on the message evaluation between experts and the public.
The constitutional amendments in South Korea before the democratization were mostly promoted by the political leader’s motivation to extend their power. The types of constitutional amendments can be classified into four categories according to their political motivations. First, the amendments to maintain political power include the Rhee’s selected amendment bill in 1952 and the Park’s amendment bill allowing the third term in 1969. Second, the amendments to perpetuate political power include the Rhee’s amendments in 1954 and the Park’s “Yushin” constitution in 1972. Third, the amendments to reflect the public opinion include the cabinet charter constitution in 1960 and the amendment bill regulating 5-year term for the president in 1987. Fourth, the amendments to justify the military coup include the Park’s presidential constitution in 1962 and the Chun’s presidential constitution in 1980. Recent discussions on another constitutional amendment are related to power structure and decentralization, which should be supported by national sentiment.