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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

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2017, Vol.13, No.11

  • 1.

    Seeking High-Reliability Organizations by Overcoming Vulnerability for Decision-Making System - A Case Study of the 2011 Rolling Blackout in South Korea -

    Park, Hyunsoo | 2017, 13(11) | pp.1~26 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study aims to explore technical and organizational failure during the rolling blackout in Korea on September 15th, 2011. It used the framework of High Reliability Organizations (HROs) Theory to diagnose the status of the organizations controlling the power system and propose behavioral principles of a reliability-seeking organization. The identified problems include: deficiencies of technical control with Energy Management System(EMS), lack of care, caution & sense-making, incomplete and confused decision-making procedure during emergency, failure of analysis at the central level and of action at the local level. The results suggest that the organization that operates the power system should take such principles as increasing organizational transparency for electricity reliability, becoming a learning organization through trial-and-error and simulations, improving communication skills between organizations, and securing substantial institutionalization of electricity reliability.
  • 2.

    A Study of the Commemoration of Social Loss after a Collective Traumatic Event - Focused on Sewol Ferry Disaster in Korea -

    MOON HEE JEONG | Hyesun Joo | Soosang Lee and 1other persons | 2017, 13(11) | pp.27~45 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the commemoration responses to a social loss after a collective traumatic event using the case of commemoration services for the Sewol ferry disaster in Korea. In particular, this study compared the commemoration responses to the accident between its first and second anniversary. For this purpose, newspaper articles regarding the memorial services for the Sewol ferry disaster were collected to draw 25 most frequent topics through topic modeling method. The most crucial topic was found to be “shared collective memories about loss”. The major topics on its first anniversary were related to the memory of the victims, while the topics on the discovery of the truth about the accident increased relatively more during the second anniversary. These results demonstrated that the social environment in which one can feel free to share loss-related stories with others is critical for fast recovery from social losses.
  • 3.

    The Influence of Calling and Subjective Well-Being on Turnover Intention of Air Force Pilots

    Sung Pyo Hong | Kim Jiyoung | 2017, 13(11) | pp.47~61 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The mass turnover of air force pilots is the national problem that has a negative influence on the operational ability and the morale of air force. Although various policies have been executed in Korea, many skilled pilots tend to move to commercial airlines. Focusing on positive psychological factors, this study examined the influence of calling and subjective well-being on turnover intention of air force pilots using the data collected from 239 pilots. We found that calling among air force pilots was positively associated with their subjective well-being but negatively associated with their turnover intention. The relationship between calling and turnover intention was partially mediated by subjective well-being. This finding suggested that calling had a direct effect on turnover intention but an indirect effect on turnover intention through subjective well-being. Finally, we discussed the implications and limitations of the present study along with suggestions for further research.
  • 4.

    An Empirical Study on Change in Value Orientation of Korean Government - Focused on Cultural Policy -

    Dong Wook Kim | Lee Chang-Kil | 2017, 13(11) | pp.63~82 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study examined how the Korean government’s transformation of value orientation influences on cultural policies in Korea. A number of previous studies have shown that major projects in the field of cultural policy have been well processed in spite of the change in value orientation of the Korean government value due to the distinct characteristics of cultural sector. The study derived empirical results by employing language network analysis, which allowed identifying the connectivity between the government’s value orientation followed by the regime change and cultural policy. The findings indicate that no government has been impacted by its value orientation. These results imply that the limited budget for cultural policy in Korea is not sufficient to develop various cultural sectors, which prohibits the government’s value orientation from being considerably incorporated into cultural policy.
  • 5.

    The Role of Community Welfare Centers to Enhance Community Disaster Resilience - Focused on Perception of Social Workers in Community Welfare Centers in Busan -

    Songsik Choi | KIM JU HEE | Hye Min Kwon and 2other persons | 2017, 13(11) | pp.83~103 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    This study aims to explore the role of community welfare centers in terms of improving community disaster resilience (CDR) which is the concept of emphasizing the disaster response capacity of communities. The research conducted the survey to examine the perceptions of social workers on the performance level of traditional services by community welfare center and the importance of CDR-related social welfare services using the IPA analysis. The survey results revealed that the importance of both traditional and proposed CDR-related services is more highly regarded than their performance(p<.001). Also, most of traditional and CDR-related services in community welfare centers are allocated in the “Keep up the Good Work” areas with high importance and performance. The results of this study recommend three roles of community welfare centers for CDR improvement; the meditator, the encourager and the sustainable hazard manager.
  • 6.

    Implications on National Security Strategies of the Strategic Use of Cyber Capabilities of Foreign Governments - The Case of Alleged Russian Interference in the 2016 US Election -

    Jeong Yoon Yang | Kyudong Kim | So Jeong Kim | 2017, 13(11) | pp.105~118 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    As the cyberspace is recognized as the national security domain such as air, sea, and space, countries are growing their efforts to expand their influences in cyberspace and cyber capabilities targeting the integrity of information resources in an attempt to influence the political decision making process at the state level. It is assumed that Russian interference in the 2016 US election took place as a part of this effort. The US government imposes sanctions on Russia through legislative and administrative measures in conjunction with investigations of intelligence and investigate agencies and parliamentary commissions of inquiry. This paper aims to gain insight of national countermeasures against strategic cyber attacks from other countries by reviewing US countermeasures of the Russian interference in the 2016 US election case. This paper examines the facts centering on reports published by US intelligence agencies and examine the domestic measures and derive national security strategic implications on strategic cyber attacks from foreign governments.
  • 7.

    Developing 3D Spatial Information Analysis and Visualization Technique for Disaster Areas

    Woosik Lee | HyounSeok, Moon | 2017, 13(11) | pp.119~131 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study aims to build quickly the 3D model of disaster sites such as a facility collapse and visualize the location of the buried people based on the 3D spatial information. When a collapse occurs, it is very important for rescuers to identify the situation quickly and to rescue the buried within a golden time period. However, there is also a potential risk of secondary collapse that could endanger rescuers working on site. This study suggests the methodology to ensure immediate and safe rescue. First, we developed a module for image acquisition and transmission using a stereo camera on drone in order to easily acquire the collapse terrain information. Second, collapse shape information was modeled in 3D to enable spatial information analysis based on the acquired images. Third, the locations of the buried people were visualized by 3D modeling. Fourth, we verified the equipment and system developed through field test. The results of this study could provide rapid and safe information to rescuers when applied to actual disaster sites.
  • 8.

    A Comparative Study on Strategies for Trust Recovery and Acceptance of Nuclear Power in Nuclear Power Plant Areas

    Lim, Chae Hong | Sunhee Kim | 2017, 13(11) | pp.133~148 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study aims to search for strategies to improve local residents’ acceptance of nuclear power and trust recovery among people living near nuclear power station. For this objective, we built a theoretical model and empirically analyzed the micro-data at the individual level to highlight the particular attribute of each nuclear site, suggesting the implication of strategies for trust recovery. We examined the impact of (1) socio-demographic variables (gender, education, economic status, age, social class, ideology, and religion), (2) perceived risk (perceived risk, perceived benefit, trust, stigma, knowledge), (3) risk communication (quality of information, quantity of negative information), (4) social event (Fukushima accident, and corruption of KHNP), and (5) localities (economic, political characteristics and identity) on acceptance of nuclear power and strategies for trust recovery based on responses from local residents in four nuclear power stations in Korea. We discussed the implications of strategies for trust recovery considering the characteristics of localities.
  • 9.

    Estimating Reduction Potential by Scenario for Target Setting for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction - Focused on Cheongju City -

    Ban, Yong-un | Jong In Baek | Jeong, Ji Hyeong and 2other persons | 2017, 13(11) | pp.149~156 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study intends to estimate reduction potential using scenarios to set a practical target for greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction. Since South Korea does not have a mandatory obligation to reduce GHG emissions, its target for GHG reduction is set at 30% of that of BAU in 2020. However, South Korea is increasingly likely to be obliged to reduce its emissions according to 2020 GHG emission target, and thus the local governments should make efforts to set its own realistic reduction target as their roles become more important. This study has proceeded in three stages as follows. First, it reviewed the literature about GHG reduction target, GHG reduction potential, and the relevant methodology for setting GHG emission reduction target. Second, reduction targets were set up by scenario. Third, reduction potential was estimated by setting the application rate of reduction technique for each of the scenarios on a practical target for GHG emission reduction.
  • 10.

    A Study on Monitoring System for Infectious Diseases Using Temporal Model with Application to Seoul Metropolitan Area

    Hye Inn Song | Heo, Tae Young | Ban, Yong-un | 2017, 13(11) | pp.157~166 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we proposed a systematic algorithm to monitor and detect outbreak of infectious disease and applied it to mumps data. The Farrington algorithm used in this study is a model that reflects temporal trend, seasonality, and over-dispersion of the data. It provides a reference value to judge outbreak by comparing it with observation. If observation at some time point is bigger than reference value, that time point is then assigned to be outbreak time. The application of the Farrington algorithm to the mumps data of Seoul’s autonomous regions showed correct detection at increase points, and there are many outbreaks especially in the majority of autonomous districts from 2013 to the first half of 2014. The algorithm proposed in this study could provide more systematic and accurate information on disease surveillance and help the government to cope with outbreaks quickly and appropriately when applied to the monitoring system of various diseases.
  • 11.

    Public Servants’ Perception of a Maintenance Project for Natural Disaster-Prone Areas

    Jae Chan Ahn | Jae Joon Lee | Lee, KyungSu | 2017, 13(11) | pp.167~180 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study examined the awareness of the civil servants who are/were in charge of the natural disaster-prone area maintenance project. The survey considered their job characteristics, service career, work unit size, and work experience, as well as their experience during the establishment and execution of the maintenance project. The survey data were analyzed by frequency analysis, factor analysis, correlation analysis, multiple regression, and the Borich method. The results of the multiple regression analysis showed that the level of satisfaction on the project increases when the appropriate plan is established with great work experience at planning stage. Also, the higher rationality at the stage of project execution, the larger effectiveness of the project is expected. The Borich index revealed that flood risk is perceived as highest among various disasters, followed by landslide, heavy rainfall and typhoon, based on experiences from public servants in Korea.
  • 12.

    An Analysis of Crisis Management Strategy and Relative Damage in South Korea in Response to North Korea’s Direct Military Provocation

    Ho Jung Kim | 2017, 13(11) | pp.181~194 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study analyzed how the South Korean government applied a crisis management strategy to handle the direct military provocation of North Korea. It also compared the relative damage caused by the military crisis management strategies. It is found that, during North Korea’s military provocations, the South Korean government applied an offensive or defensive crisis management strategy in both military and non-military fields to prevent the crisis from spreading further. In addition, the South Korean government had fewer damages than North Korea when it used military offensive and defensive crisis management strategies. Therefore, in order to prevent the provocation from developing into an extreme crisis like war, it is necessary for the South Korean government to pursue a crisis management strategy by applying various methods in military, politics, diplomacy, economy and other non-military fields.
  • 13.

    Differences in Social Context of Disaster Reconstruction between Korea and China - A Comparative Study of Typhoon Rusa and Sichuan Earthquake -

    Hee Cheon Choi | 2017, 13(11) | pp.195~218 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    In disaster reconstruction process, various issues reflect the political and social context of society regardless of physical characteristics of disasters. This study compared the post-disaster issues of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake in China and the 2002 Typhoon Rusa in Korea. The issues can be classified into four types such as physical reconstruction, social resilience, recurrence prevention, and regional development. In China’s case, as the central government initiated the issues as a major player, the issues of efficient reconstruction were found noticeable and strongly connected to the issue of nationwide economic development. However, bureaucratic inefficiency and low trust level were also found in China. In Korea, public input was relatively strong and pluralized including NGOs, private firms, interest groups and the public. Civil participations in Korea were well organized and local voices were relatively strong in connection with their interests.