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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

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2017, Vol.13, No.12

  • 1.

    Environmental Risk Communication - An Analysis of News Framing on Fine Dust in Chinese Newspapers -

    Kwak, Eun-A | DongSub Han | 2017, 13(12) | pp.1~16 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study analyzes the framework that Chinese Newspapers use to cover the issue of fine dust. The news coverage on fine dust by People’s Daily and Guangming Daily was examined based on the article type, frame type and content frame. The findings are as follows. First, there were differences in the formal frame between the two newspapers and by the type of articles. Both People’s Daily and Guangming Daily used thematic frames and commentaries to cover the issue, but their frequencies are considerably different. People’s Daily included the thematic frame without any article directly handling the issue, while Guangming Daily addressed the theme frame using various types of articles. Secondly, there were differences in the content frame between the two newspapers and by the type of report. People’s Daily mainly used ‘attribution of responsibility frame’ and ‘personal response frame’ but Guangming Daily utilized ‘hope frame’ and ‘rumor dispute frame’. Significantly, this study reveals some frames used in the news coverage about an environment issue in China, which is still considered as a socialist country.
  • 2.

    Development of a New Concept of Public Facility Recovery for Large-Scale Disasters

    Eo gyu | Chan Hee Lee, | Sim, OuBae | 2017, 13(12) | pp.17~31 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to develop anew concept technique of public facility restoration in order to prevent damage from large-scale complex disasters. In Korea, restoration techniques for public facilities have focused on restoration of structural functions centered on damaged facilities and damaged points. We set up the direction of the development based on anew concept of public facility restoration. We conducted an intensive review of large-scale damage cases in Korea and restoration cases from other countries and derived techniques of public facility restoration. We also standardized, typified and multi-layered 16 city-level and 18 region-level new concept techniquesof public facilities restoration in terms of land use and facility type. Finally, we demonstratedhow the techniques can be applied.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Role of Ombudsman in Senior Welfare Facilities - Focusing on the Ombudsman’s Activities in Elderly Protection Agencies -

    Seoyoung Lee | 2017, 13(12) | pp.33~49 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the ombudsman’s role in the senior welfare facilities in Korea using case studies. Ombudsman acts as a facilitator who helps services from a human rights point of view and as a guardian against human rights against human rights violations by facility users. The detailed interview with ombudsmen in those facilities identified the specific roles of ombudsman as (1) gathering complaints about facility operations, (2) providing and sharing information required for improving services of participating facilities, (3) checking services provided by facilities, (4) inspecting environment where services are provided, (4) rectifying ways of providing inappropriate services, (5) raising the awareness of workers at facilities, and (6) ensuring abuse prevention for people using facilities (human rights abuse). These roles should be clearly described in the development plan for ombudsman activities in elderly protection agencies.
  • 4.

    A Plan of Promoting Citizen Participation for Preemptive Crisis Management - Focusing on the Portal Services -

    CHO MIN SANG | Won Ki Kim | 2017, 13(12) | pp.51~61 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Despite various efforts of relevant agencies to ensure the safety of citizens, new crises and threats are constantly emerging. The purpose of this study is to establish the viewpoint of crisis management on citizen participation and to explore ways to activate it. In order to manage the crisis, central government, local government, and related organizations have established various means to engage citizens. However, it is difficult to have them participate due to lack of publicity, access and utilization of system. The recommendations to activate citizen participation for preemptive crisis management include the followings. First, it is necessary to improve the system to enhance citizens' accessibility. Second, service provision should be based on citizen needs. Third, the contents of real-time participation should be developed for conflict management. Fourth, the citizen participation culture should be spread and the system should be actively promoted.
  • 5.

    An Analysis of the Natural Disaster Responsemanual in Jeju - Focusing on the Media in the Jeju Area during Typhoon Chaba -

    In Jong Ko | Younghoon Kang | 2017, 13(12) | pp.63~75 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This research compared the contents of the official natural disaster response manual used by the Jeju government with those appeared in the media in the Jeju areaduring Typhoon Chaba. The analysis results reveal thatthe manual needs to be modified to incorporate the regional characteristics of Jejuincluding its natural environment for the prevention and response stages. For the recovery stage, the modification should be necessary for every activity of the recovery procedure. The strategies for minimizing the damage of natural disasters in the Jeju areawere recommended as follows. First of all, the manual needs to reflect the reality of Jeju. Second, it is necessary to establish the disaster prevention systemconsidering both short-term and long-term aspects of disasters and environment. Third, the horizontal governance should be arrangedto strengthen the collaborative function of the private sector. Fourth,the regional media should be given the mission of playing a role as an organization fordisaster prevention.
  • 6.

    An Analysis of Earthquake Management System in China - Focusing on Policy and Law -

    CHOI JUNG SEOK | Choi, Joon Hwan | 2017, 13(12) | pp.77~90 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study analyzed the current state and characteristics of earthquakes in China. The main findings are summarized as follows. First, the China’s competent authorities over the earthquake and tsunami is divided into the central and local government. Second, the legal systems for the prevention of earthquake disasters in China are divided into the national laws, the State Council administrative regulations, and the State Council rules. In order to minimize the damage from earthquakes and tsunamis in Korea, this research recommends strengthening earthquake and tsunami expertise, enhancing the professionalism of each unit, improving education and services, and expanding an earthquake warning system. I think it will be possible to reduce the damage to the minimum.
  • 7.

    A Stochastic Generation of Snowfall Data and Probabilistic Snowfall Using Multi-site Markov Chain Model

    Se Jin Jeung | Woo Suk Han | Kim, Byung Sik | 2017, 13(12) | pp.91~101 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper sought to generate the stochastic simulative snowfall data through a multi-site Markov Chain model, which was constructed from the historical snowfall data collected at major meteorological stations in Gangwon Province in Korea. The need for a multi-site stochastic simulative generation technique was mandated by such a noticeable difference in the weather characteristics between the two regions in Gangwon Province, the Yeongdong and Yongseo regions, divided by the Taebaek Mountain Range. A stochastic simulative generation technique can take into consideration a spatial association of multiple sites. This paper used the Mann–Kendall and autocorrelation function analyses to identify the predisposition and randomness of the data. Then, a multi-site Markov Chain model was used to simulate the data within the period covered by the existing records in Gangwon Province and the simulated data were compared to the actual historical data using a statistical analysis. Based on the comparison, the probabilistic snowfall forecasts were generated for the next 100 years. The multi-site Markov Chain model developed in this paper took into account a sharp distinction between the Yeongdong and Yongseo regions, and was found to be suitable for simulating the snowfall data for architectural purposes.
  • 8.

    Current and Future Trends of Flood Waste Collection and Disposal Systems in Korea

    Won-Kyu Kim | Dong Woo Jang | Kim Joo Won | 2017, 13(12) | pp.103~114 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study examines the current state of flood waste treatment in Korea and recommends an alternative management strategy based on the lessons from Japan and US. Direct landfillingwas recognized as one of the major problems in Korea as it was related to the absence of the master plan in the municipalities and the lack of cooperation between municipalities and waste facility authorities. Additionally, we pointed out inadequate capacity to determine the optimal scale of human resources and equipment due to the shortage and inconsistency of flood waste data and the lack of research on prediction of flood waste amount. The recommended solutions based on the investigation of the US and Japanese cases include institutional complementation granting financial incentives to the municipalitiesthat establish a master flood waste plan. A better method of forecasting flood waste amount should be incorporated into the flood waste management in Korea by benchmarking the forecasting methods used in US and Japan. Furthermore, a routine survey of flood waste should be carried out to monitor actual implementation of the master plan.
  • 9.

    An Exploratory Research on the National Emergency Management Capability

    Sangkyu Rheem | Bo Ram Seo | Woo Jung Choi | 2017, 13(12) | pp.115~126 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Both private and public sectors focus on securing capability for survival and competitiveness of their organization in the era of unlimited competition. Some developed countries, such as the United States, Australia and New Zealand, have tried to develop and strengthen their capabilities on emergency management for building a resilient society. And they also have developed their own emergency management strategies including capabilities. The South Korean government is also trying to improve the emergency management system in response to repeated major disasters, but it has not yet clearly defined the concept of capability on emergency management from a practical and academic perspective. In this study, we aim to find out the implications for developing appropriate emergency management capabilities in South Korea by reviewing the examples from other countries and international organizations.
  • 10.

    Allometric Equations for Crown Fuel Load of Pinus rigida Stands in South Korea

    Kim Sung Yong | Chun Geun Kwon | Heeyoung Ahn and 2other persons | 2017, 13(12) | pp.127~137 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The objective of this study was to develop an allometric equation to estimate crown fuel load of Pinus rigira in South Korea. Twenty representative trees were cut down for samples, and crown fuel were classified according toits component(needle or branch), life (alive or dead), and diameter(<0.5cm, 0.5-1cm, 1-2cm, 2-4cm, >4cm). A fuel load allometric equation was developed with diameter at breast height(DBH) and tree height as independent variables. The result of this study showed that the > 4cm branches recorded the largest fuel load (9.521kg), followed by needles fuel (8.852kg), live branches with size ranging from 2 to 4cm (7.226kg), 1-2cm (3.920kg), <0.5cm (2.890kg), 0.5-1cm (2.711kg) and dead branches (1.387kg) as the lowest. On average, the adjusted coefficient of determination was high (R2adj = 0.9870-0.8596) and standard error of estimate was high (S.E.E. = 0.1670-0.6859) in allometric equation,lnWt=β0+β1 lnD. However, the differences in R2adj and S.E.E. between the equations were not significant.
  • 11.

    Management of Social Changes and Crisis in China’s Reform Era - Socialization of Welfare System -

    Yoo Eun Ha | 2017, 13(12) | pp.139~151 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study basically defines the direction of welfare changes in China after the reform as socialization of welfare system, and argues that this is a way of social management in which the Chinese government responds to changes of socioeconomic structure and the accompanying sort of welfare crisis after the reform, and that in general the socialization of welfare in China's reform era has characteristics eventually result in commercialization and commodification of welfare services which have significantly increased individual welfare burden with the recession of the state role under the developmental welfare regime based on growth priority strategy, and that, as a result, a very differentiated welfare environment was formed in urban and rural areas even if the government did not intend to. This fundamental social welfare system transition can be summarized as the changes from an enterprise-statist model to a socialization model, from a pure welfare service system to a marketization service model and from a universal welfare to a selective welfare model.