This study is concerned with government responsiveness and accountability during the MERS crisis in Korea. In this context, we explain the responsiveness of the government from technical, administrative and institutional perspectives. Then we discuss crisis communication during the outbreak, focusing on why the Korean government failed to manage at the institutional level. One of the main reasons of the failure was found to be insufficiency in technical and managerial responsiveness. For example, government agencies did not use crisis communication strategies or pre-event planning in technical and managerial level. A more fundamental reason, however, would be that there was very little emphasis on public health across government organizations. More specifically, governmental expenditure was allocated more to social welfare than public health in Korea.
We were wondering about what changes a catastrophic disaster brings about to people and how such changes can affect the damaged areas and the surrounding environment. In particular, we focused on various attributes of individuals such as experience, emotion and belief, and tried to examine their effects on the role of local councils. According to the analysis results, disaster experience is not restricted to change the psychological state of the individual, but is powerful to change the local institution as an aggregate. Their ideological orientation was also a major factor influencing the role of local councils. Not only the attribution but also the experience of disaster was found to have a statistically significant relationship with the role of local councils. Disasters must be understood as the mechanisms by which individuals change their beliefs and emotions and act as a veto group due to uncertain and incomplete information and anxiety and negative emotions caused by poor government response.
The purpose of this study is to provide a clear understanding of the concept and the theoretical basis of the emotional competence of nursing college students who will take the lead in crisis management in the hospital. In order to understand the emotional competence of nursing students, we used the concept analysis method of Walker and Avant (2005) through various literature review. The main attributes of emotional competence among nursing students include (1) self-awareness and self-management, (2) communication with others, and (3) motivation for study, while the outcomes of their emotional competence consist of (1) empathic understanding, (2) harmonious interpersonal relationship, and (3) improvement in academic achievement. We need to develop a tool to measure the emotional competence of nursing students based on all the attributes revealed in this study.
Considering the complexity and diversity of risks in modern society, it is no longer suitable that the government manages a large-scale and complex social problems due to its ineffective and undemocratic characteristics. The public-private governance could be essential to our society toward the 4th industrial revolution, and ICT-based capacity building for crisis and emergency management would be critical in Korea. Based on the analysis of disaster industry in Korea (meteorological sector), we found that they still remain in the initial stage with limited capacity and insufficient experts, compared to the U.S.A., U.K. and Japan. AlphaMet, a comprehensive AI risk management solution, has been introduced as an example to make early warning against natural disaster. Private weather consultants should be recruited to serve local government, industry, and the public, along with the meteorological information center to support weather-consulting business.
The industrial revolution has led to global warming worldwide, Problems are occurring around the world. Despite the seriousness of the current climate change problem, little research has been done on climate change risk management. Therefore, we need to study risk, a key element in responding to climate change. The purpose of this study is to analyze the likelihood and impacts for the effective management of climate change risks. To do this, we employed expert questionnaire survey on likelihood and impact of climate change risks and conducted a factor analysis. As a result of the analysis, this study identified the characteristics of the factors that were important in the risk and confirmed the difference between likelihood and impact of climate change risks. Finally, in terms of climate change risk management, it possible to effectively manage climate change by classifying the risks that need to be focused on preventive aspects and the risks that need to focus on responsive aspects.
Religious groups in Korea tend to face various difficulties for overseas relief activities. The cases of typhoon in Philippines (2013) and earthquake in Nepal (2015) are reviewed from the perspectives of governance, operation, and administrative support. Limited cooperation with communities and insufficient networking with international rescue organizations were identified as problems in governance, for which networking with international NGOs, utilization of local resources and a cluster approach were suggested. Short-term perspectives, misunderstanding of international standard and competitive attitudes were identified as problems in operation, for which local resilience, transparency and independence in donation and local understanding were suggested. Problems in administrative support include limited staff capacity, limited understanding of the expenses on international relief activities and complex decision-making process, which could be addressed by various human resource development, changes in donors’ attitude and a comprehensive approach.
South Korea has now been developed as a responsible member of the international community after managing the national crisis under the support of international peacekeeping organizations. It aims to contribute to resolve global problems by performing various activities such as deployment of troops in disputed areas around the world, along with monitoring and reconstruction support. As South Korea builds up a stronger national power as a developed nation, the international community would require it to take even more active role in international peacekeeping operations. Thus, it is necessary to increase the level of participation of nongovernmental experts, civil society groups, police, and reserve forces. Among these groups, particularly, reserve forces are capable resources who can perform peacekeeping activities successfully with the current military forces.
Providing older adults with routine health screening is an important health care policy in many aging societies including Korea. However, a significant proportion of older adults do not participate in health screening, but the association between their characteristics and their participation in screening is not well known. The present study explored the determinants for the participation of older adults in national health screening using the 1-5 waves of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (KLoSA) data (n=1,886). Screening participation tends to increase across the study waves, while panel logit models indicated that screening take-up varies by age, marital status, education, household income, living area, type of health insurance, functional disability, and self-rated health. The results suggest increasing efforts of outreach for older adults who are at a greater risk of missing health screening.
This study suggests a reorganization of the government for effective restoration from large-scale complex Disasters. For this purpose, we developed and suggested an organizational model based on expert opinions, along with the review of the limitations of the existing organizational models for post-disaster reconstruction including the recovery system after the Great East Japan Earthquake. It was found that a 10-year organization under the Prime Minister's office would be most appropriate for reconstruction of the damaged areas due to large-scale complex disasters. In addition, among the major issues that the disaster management organizations face, cooperative organizational characteristics and learning from disaster should be given priority.
It is well known that disaster response exercise is important for saving lives, therefore conducting disaster response exercise is one of the most important activities in disaster preparedness phase. The Korean government conducts various types of disaster response exercises including the Korea Safety Korea eXercise (SKX), civil defense drills and government continuity exercises. Unfortunately, these disaster response exercises in Korea are mostly operations-based exercises. In this paper, the context of discussion-based disaster response exercise from the Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP) is reviewed and the discussion-based disaster response exercise is designed and conducted based on the review of HSEEP. This research also summarized the results from the discussion-based disaster response exercise along with its implications.
A total of 30,805 North Korean defectors have entered South Korea as of June 2017, but they have difficulties in adapting themselves to the South Korean society for various reasons. The purpose of this study was to analyze the levels of expectation and satisfaction in term of quality of life among North Korean defectors, and develop policies to assist their stable settlement and improve their quality of life. A survey was conducted for 400 North Korean defectors aged ≥20 years all over the country with a questionnaire including the items such as expectation and satisfaction as well as perceived quality of life. The survey also asks about the relationship with community residents, security, education, welfare, employment conditions, resident participation activity, and so on. Based on the results, this study suggests some policy implications.
This study analyzes the co-movement and causality of continental and intercontinental stock prices during the times of financial crisis. The co-movement of stock price-earnings ratios in each continent is analyzed and significant increase in co-movement during the times of financial crisis is verified. In addition, time-series data are analyzed by the following methods: unit root time series, co-integration, vector autoregressive (VAR) model, impulse response, forecast error variance decomposition, and Granger causality. The results show a significant increase in Granger causality of intercontinental price-earnings ratios during the times of financial crisis. An intercontinental path of impulse transfer is also identified during financial crises. These analyses can assist in controlling the risks of the international crises and help investors design effective investment strategies.