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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

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2018, Vol.14, No.2

  • 1.

    Consumer Classifications Based on Risk Perception and Safety Behavior in the Risk Perception Attitude Model along with Comparison of Recall Behaviors - Focusing on Industrial Products, Food, Automobiles, and Medicine -

    JUN SANG MIN | 2018, 14(2) | pp.1~17 | number of Cited : 2
    This study classified consumers based on their levels of risk perception and safety behavior, and examine their recall behaviors for each of the four major product types: industrial products, food, automobiles and medicine. Consumers were categorized into the four groups: indifferent, avoiding, proactive, and responsive. A significant difference was found in age, gender, family income, and education status across the groups. For all the product types, the responsive and proactive groups had higher levels of recall recognition and intention than the other groups, and the responsive group had the highest level of recall participation. In addition, there were differences in recall media across the consumer groups for food and automobile recall; the indifferent group used the major mass media more than the other groups. For all the products and consumer types, the suitability as a recall media was found largest in the major mass media, followed by the personal media and the major portal sites. The responsive and proactive groups gave the highest scores of media suitability.
  • 2.

    Developing Planning Guidelines for Temporary Shelters for Disaster Victims Based on Habitability: An Experts Survey

    Yu Ra Choi | MIKYUNG KIM | 2018, 14(2) | pp.19~32 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to developing planning guidelines for temporary shelters for disaster victims based on habitability through the literature review and to understand important opinions of experts regarding the guidelines. Among the 46 items of the guidelines derived through the literature review, 29 items were identified as ‘required’ guidelines by the experts’ survey. The experts’ survey also revealed considerations for planning of temporary shelters from both planning and operation perspectives. The findings are as follows: First, in planning for temporary shelters, space should be planned not only for victims but also relief activities. Second, the ‘required’ guideline should be applied in priority for improving the effectiveness of relief activities and the habitability of victims. Third, universal design should be used to make relief equipment such as simple lamps and tents so that various types of victims can use it easily.
  • 3.

    A Qualitative Study on the Recovery Experience of the Mentally Disabled - Focusing on Empowerment Practice in a Community Psychiatric Rehabilitation Center -

    Chung Hyun-Ju | 2018, 14(2) | pp.33~55 | number of Cited : 9
    The purpose of this study was to examine how people with mental illness experienced empowerment in a rehabilitation center and how their experience had an impact on the journey toward recovery. A generic qualitative research was conducted on 9 mentally disabled people for the analysis of 16 main themes, 49 sub-themes, and 170 meaning units. The empowerment practice of the participants was analyzed in four categories: do in my daily life, enjoy various experiences, meet people and be encouraged by them, and plan my life. A journey to recovery appeared in 5 categories: accept illness, grow, communicate with society, change relationships with family, and cherish hope. The nonlinear process of recovery included 7 categories: hate to be mentally disabled, fall to the floor, return to the world, dilemma between employment and public support, be nothing special, and live an unfair life with stigma. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings were discussed.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Integrated Case Management Delivery System for Implementing the National Responsibility System for Dementia - A Case of OECD Countries -

    Hwang MeeKyoung | 2018, 14(2) | pp.57~70 | number of Cited : 10
    The purpose of this study is to build up the integrated dementia management system in accordance with the implementation of the national responsibility system for dementia in Korea. In September 2017, the Ministry of Health and Welfare in Korea declared the ‘national responsibility system for dementia’ and organized the national dementia R&D committee in order to get over dementia. In 1995, WHO and the Alzheimer's Disease International(ADI) institutionalized September 21st as the World’s Alzheimer’s Day, and WHO adopted the worldwide action plan to cope with the seriousness of dementia in May 2017. Regarding dementia services in Korea, long-term care service has been extended since 2014. Following the dementia policy in advanced countries, the region-oriented and dwelling-based integrated care system should be developed to provide desirable dementia services. Therefore, this study suggests ways to build up the integrated case management delivery system which can be used asa model for integrating long-term senior care system and senior care services into a region-oriented service within the national responsibility system for dementia in Korea.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Current Status and Improvement Plans of Air Pollution in China

    Bao Wenbin | Lee, Jae Eun | 2018, 14(2) | pp.71~82 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Air pollution is one of the most important environmental problems in the world. It gives serious damage to human health, industrial and agricultural production, growth of animals and plants, social property and earth environment. The purpose of this study is to suggest efficient strategies to improve serious air pollution in China. The proposed strategies in this study include the development of new technology for energy saving and emission reduction, enactment of new emission standard, increased investment for air quality improvement, restriction of coal and oil use, promotion of alternative energy sources such as natural gas, implementation of zero-emission energy such as sunlight, wind power and electric vehicle, installation of real-time air quality measuring instrument, and so on.
  • 6.

    Developing a Formula for Time to Concentration Based on Rainfall Characteristics in the Chatancheon Catchment

    Dongphil Kim | KIM KYOUNG HO | Hojin Lee | 2018, 14(2) | pp.83~90 | number of Cited : 0
    River management is critical for preventing damage by flooding, which requires an accurate estimation of design flood. Time to concentration (Tc), used for the duration of rainfall, works as an important factor for the analysis of design flood estimation. The methods developed in other countries, such as Kraven(Ⅰ), Kraven(Ⅱ), Kirpich, Rziha equations and SCS Curve method, have been used to estimate Tc in the practice, but they fail to incorporate the hydrological characteristics in Korea. In addition, there is a discrepancy in the estimation of Tc across the methods even if the same catchment characteristics are used. Thus, an alternative method of estimating Tc incorporating the unique characteristics of Korean catchments should be developed to enhance the level of accuracy in design flood estimation. This study estimated Tc based on the observed hydrological data in the Chatancheon catchment in Yeoncheon, and found the effects of catchment characteristics on Tc. This study produces the basic data to develop a better method of estimating Tc by incorporating the catchment characteristics in Korea.
  • 7.

    An Analysis of Debris-Flow Propagation Characteristics and Assessment of Building Hazard Mapping Using FLO-2D - The Case of Chuncheon Landslide Area -

    Jung Ryel Choi | 2018, 14(2) | pp.91~99 | number of Cited : 5
    Urbanization of mountain areas is upscaling debris-flow damage including a lot of human casualties, such as the 2011 landslide in Chuncheon City in Korea. The purpose of this study is to understand the propagation characteristics of debris-flow using a numerical model and to quantitatively determine the hazard of urban buildings. For this purpose, we simulated debris-flow velocity and depth using the FLO-2D numerical analysis model and analyzed the potential effect in each damaged building by time of day. The correlation between the model results and the satellite images after the landslide was analyzed, and than the risk map was created by using the derived velocity and depth. Through this study, it was possible to quantitatively analyze the maximum flow velocity and depth of debris-flow in the form of raster and vector in the GIS lattice and to produce the risk map effectively by using the tools provided in FLO-2D.
  • 8.

    The Influence of Behavioral Inhibition System on Interpersonal Relationship Skills among Employees - The Mediating Effects of Fear of Negative Evaluation and Difficulty in Naming of Emotion -

    A Ram Choi | LEE Jeeyon | 2018, 14(2) | pp.101~121 | number of Cited : 2
    The purpose of this research is to confirm the mediating effects of fear of negative evaluation and difficulty in naming of emotion on the relationship between behavioral inhibition system (BIS) and interpersonal relationship skills among 489 employees in Korea. The main research findings were as follow. First, a higher BIS score was associated with higher levels of fear of negative evaluation and difficulty in naming of emotion, while higher scores on fear of negative evaluation and difficulty in naming of emotion were associated with lower scores on interpersonal relationship skills. Second, fear of negative evaluation and difficulty in naming of emotion completely mediated the influence of BIS on interpersonal relationship skills. The results of this research show that BIS has an indirect effect on interpersonal relationship skills through fear of negative evaluation and difficulty in naming of emotion.
  • 9.

    The Effects of Consumer Competency on Consumer Anxiety, Consumption Problem Experiences, and Consumption Satisfaction

    Hyun-jung Yoo | Song Eugene | A Rum Lee | 2018, 14(2) | pp.123~138 | number of Cited : 7
    Consumers’ rational decisions become pivotal in creating a desirable market and improving consumer welfare. This study aims to (1) examine the level of consumer competency; (2) figure out the differences in the experiences of consumer problems, consumer anxiety, and satisfaction of consumer life according to competency levels; and (3) investigate the effects of consumer competency on their consumption satisfaction. The findings show that consumers’ competency level was below average across the society and that the high competency group was relatively older and highly educated, and earned more income than the low competency group. Consumer competency had significant effects on experiences of consumer problems, consumer anxiety, and consumption satisfaction. Consumer anxiety had positive impacts on satisfaction of consumer life.
  • 10.

    An Assessment of Past and Future Droughts in North Korea Using Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index

    Kim Jin Hyuck | Suk Ho Lee | Kim, Byung Sik | 2018, 14(2) | pp.139~151 | number of Cited : 3
    Due to recent climate change, rising temperatures and changes in rainfall patterns have increased the number of countries suffering from droughts and floods - water disasters - worldwide. The conventional drought analysis is based on the Standard Precipitation Index (SPI), which only reflects the amount of precipitation. However, the limitation of the Standard Precipitation Index is that it takes precipitation as an exclusive factor for drought analysis and does not provide a full representation of water balance such as precipitation and evapotranspiration, which are often influenced by climate variability. Therefore, the study used the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) incorporating both rainfall and evapotranspiration in application for drought analysis in North Korea. The analysis result showed that drought would intensify in the years ahead due to rise in temperature and increased evapotranspiration in spite of increased precipitation.
  • 11.

    Public-private Partnership for Operating Safety Experience and Education Center - A Comparative Analysis of the US, Canada and Japan -

    SungSoo Byun | Lee, Jae Eun | Dohyeong Kim and 5other persons | 2018, 14(2) | pp.153~173 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to suggest the optimal operational plan of safety experience and education center (i.e. safety village) through public-private partnership. Disaster safety education is expected to enhance disaster resilience and the educational impacts could be augmented when hands-on experiences are emphasized during the education process. However, it appears difficult for local governments with limited resources to obtain sustainable budgets to maintain and operate such education facilities. Thus, we reviewed and compared the operational budget and safety experience programs of various safety villages in the US, Canada and Japan and drew out useful benchmarking implications for local governments in Korea. We found that the private sector has been actively engaged in operating safety villages in the US and Canada, while the safety experience centers in Japan offer experience programs tailored to the unique disaster characteristics of each local government. For the improved operation of safety experience and education center in Korea, we suggest compulsory safety education to ensure citizen’s participation and operational sustainability of the center.
  • 12.

    A Study of Improving the Prevention and Management System for Chemical Accidents

    Ryu Sang Il | Lee, Jae Eun | JuHo Lee and 8other persons | 2018, 14(2) | pp.175~189 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this research is to suggest alternatives and measures to develop an advanced management plan for chemical accident prevention and management. In Korea, there is substantial redundancy in contents and classification items among the Process Safety Report of Occupational Safety and Health Acts, risk management plans and outside effect evaluation of the Chemical Control Act. Thus, the chemical accident prevention system in Korea should be revised to integrate the forms of RMP and PSM, following the US system. Such alternation can reduce work redundancy and cost as it requires only one-time submission of the documents. it should allow the Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Employment to function more effectively because it can evaluate only the necessary parts.
  • 13.

    Impact of Depression and Anger on Interpersonal Problem-Solving Capability among Nursing Students

    Park Min Hyang | Jung Gye Hyun | 2018, 14(2) | pp.191~203 | number of Cited : 5
    This study aims to examine the impact of depression and anger on interpersonal problem-solving capability among nursing students in Korea. First, depression was found negatively correlated with interpersonal capability (r=-0.205),which was significant at 99% confidence level, while trait anger was negatively correlated with interpersonal capability (r=-0.122) at 95% confidence level. Second, multiple regression analysis showed that both depression and anger had a significant influence on initial relationship, claim of right, emotional support on self-exposure, conflict management, and the entire interpersonal capability. The study results could be used as fundamental data for developing programs of controlling depression and anger among nursing students.