This study analyzed media perceptions of the presidential impeachment crises in South Korea and the presidents’ communication strategies in response to the crises. Media reports on the 2004 impeachment of Roh Moo-hyun and 2016 impeachment of Park Geun-hye were comparatively examined. The period chosen for analysis extended from one month prior to the two presidents’ respective impeachment votes to one month after the corresponding Constitutional Court decision and was divided into “pre-crisis,” “mid-crisis,” and “post-crisis” stages. Four newspapers were chosen for analysis. The findings showed a higher rate of negative characterization for Park than for Roh in their respective reporting. Perceptions of responsibility for impeachment and characterization of the situation as a crisis were also lower for Park than for Roh. Theoretical and practical implications of the research are discussed.
We sought to evaluate the effect of the performance of the Code-Blue Team on survival of patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest. This study was performed as a retrospective analysis of a detailed cardiac arrest registry containing prospectively collected data during two years (from January 2010 to December 2011).
We compared Code-Blue Team performance and patient survival in 2011 (Education Group) with those in 2010 (Pre-education Group). A total of 531 cases, including 289 cases in the Pre-education group, were included in the study. Time to arrest recognition (9.9±8.2 vs 11.0±8.1 minute), time to scene arrival (4.1±2.6 vs 12.4±10.3 minute), recognition to chest compression (15.6±7.2 vs 20.6±10.6 minute) were much shorter in the Education group than in the Pre-education group (all p<0.05). Although the Code-Blue team showed a better performance, the survival rate of in-hospital cardiac arrest was not influenced by the performance of the Code-Blue team.
This research conducted a comparative analysis of Daejeon and Cheongju City which are geographically adjacent and have similar topography but different air environment in order to suggest an urban planning framework for environmentally-friendly urban air environment. It is found that the Cheongju City has a higher level of air pollution than Daejeon since the industrial complex is located in the downtown basin and thus high fine dust concentration is not circulated well. The suggested alternatives for inducing air flow for environmentally- friendly urban air environment are as follows. First, it is necessary to construct natural areas in urban outskirts, large green zones inside the city, and sufficient pond area as they are creating cold air.
Second, there is a need of areas to accumulate cold air. Third, it would need a passage area allowing air flow.
The aim of this study was to obtain basic information related to WEF (water-energy-food) Nexus for water shortage crisis management by analyzing the influence of energy and food supply on domestic water demand.
This study set up a panel model reflecting regional heterogeneity, using the data from 16 metropolitan cities in Korea during the past 17 years (1998 to 2014). The model included multiple variables such as water nexus factors (energy consumption and food crop production), climate factors (precipitation and temperature), and economic factors (GRDP and water rate). The FGLS (feasible generalized least squares) model was selected as the optimal option as a result of the model fitness test. The model results indicate that energy consumption, food crop production, GRDP and water rate all showed significant influence on water demand, but precipitation and temperature were not effective. The elasticity of water consumption was 0.084 for energy consumption, 0.412 for food crops, 0.318 for GDRP, and -0.199 for water rate.
The study aims to prepare practical policy alternatives for local government by investigating the case of flood waste management in the Cheongju City. Judging from the case study, the flood waste management in Korea has been limited to increased work intensity during the disaster or entrusted disposal of the excessive flood waste. The problems with these conditions were found to be the delayed recovery, the vulnerability of household hazardous waste management, and the lack of recycling and reuse. Therefore, it is necessary to establish detailed plans for the management of flood wastes at the site, town, and village levels in preparation for continued generation of flood waste, along with a separate management of hazardous wastes. In the waste treatment process, all combustible materials were incinerated, and inorganic materials such as gravel were all buried. Diversification of wastewater disposal would be necessary to handle a large amount of wastes, such as the increase of recycling rate of combustible and inorganic materials.
Highlighting global nuclear threats in public discourse and the deteriorated relations between India and Pakistan since 2016, this paper explores the role of nuclear weapons in staving off conflict and promoting regional security. It considers that the traditional theoretical models of nuclear relations borne out of Cold War ideology are incomplete and that the Indian-Pakistani case demonstrates that a significant and real threat is posed by nuclear weapons. Since nuclear weapons are central within the wider thesis of nuclear deterrence and the associated dilemmas, and the Indian-Pakistani motivations to ‘go nuclear’ should be simultaneously evaluated along with their nuclear doctrine/policy. Through a study of the conflict between India and Pakistan over seven decades, this paper not only details how nuclear weapons have modified the frame for the conflict but also argues that they have not reduced potential conflicts and have even raised the risks.
The purpose of this study is to suggest a reinforcement plan for disaster resilience in order to protect the vulnerable people from heat wave. Reinforcing disaster resilience in the central government, relevant ministries, local governments and civil society surrounding the disaster vulnerable people could help prevent, prepare, and respond to their damages from annually repeated heat wave disasters and recover them to the pre-disaster status. We thus conducted the following analysis. First, we investigated the concepts and types of vulnerable people from heat wave disaster and devised a reinforcement plan for heat wave disaster resilience tailored to their characteristics. Second, we measured a relative importance of reinforcement factors for disaster resilience to protect the vulnerable people from heat wave and devised a plan to effectively reinforce disaster resilience for people vulnerable to heat wave.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of security service offered by police patrol units on citizens’ safety satisfaction in Korea. In line with this perspective, this study utilizes Parasuraman et al. (1988)’s SERVQUAL model to measure the qualities of security service such as empathy, tangible, responsiveness, assurance, and reliability. A 19-item survey questionnaire was administered to 249 citizens who have experiences in visiting police patrol units in the Daegu Metropolitan City and the Gyeongbuk Province. The data were analyzed by factor, reliability, correlation, and multiple regression analysis. According to the data analysis results, empathy, tangible, assurance and reliability have statistically significant effects on citizens’safety satisfaction (p<.01).
This study examined how the unique cultural aspects of Koreans influence the way they communicate in conflict situations. First, “Chemyon” had a stronger impact on conflict resolution than “Uri” in conflict situations, supporting the results of previous studies on “Chemyon” and conflict communication. Second, the impact of indigenous cultural variables on conflict resolution varied depending on the types of conflict situations.
The predictive power of “Chemyon” was stronger in more emotionally-involved situations. Third, the mediating effect of emotion also differed by the types of conflict. In more emotionally-involved situations, compassion appeared to mediate the relationship between culture and conflict while anger was found to be the mediator in less emotionally-involved situations. The results empirically supported the contextual nature of Koreans' cultural characteristics and their impacts on communication.
The purpose of this study is to examine the degree of multicultural acceptability of Korean soldiers and to provide basic data to design a policy for multicultural barracks. This study analyzes the variables potentially affecting multicultural acceptance using the Korean version of MCI (KMCI). The analysis results were as follows. First, the overall multicultural acceptance index among Korean soldiers is higher than that of ordinary citizens in Korea. Second, the multicultural acceptance index according to demographic characteristics showed a significant difference between the general public and Korean soldiers in class and education. Third, the difference of multicultural acceptance according to the variables related to multiculturalism showed that there was a significant difference in all sub–domains.
This study aims to identify mental health conditions and their changes over time among government officials who were involved in the burial and disposal of livestock during the foot and mouth disease epidemics.
The initial study was conducted in February 2011 and the follow-up study was conducted after 10 months.
The data from 29 officials who voluntarily participated in both initial and follow-up study were analyzed, and 17.2% of the participants in the follow-up study were found to show a high risk of PTSD. The PTSD symptoms and its sub-domains such as avoidance, intrusion, hyper arousal symptoms, and depressive symptoms decreased but the reductions were not statistically significant. No change was found on anxiety either in the follow-up study. In particular, more individuals increased their PTSD and anxiety symptoms in the follow-up study. These results imply that the government officials who worked on the burial and disposal activities of livestock still had a high level of mental health problems. Based on the results of this study, the necessity of continuous monitoring and intervention was suggested to address mental health problems of government officials in Korea.