Considering that ego integrity can be achieved by accepting both successes and failures from the past, the memories of the past experience would have an important impact on ego integrity. This study was designed to explore the link between the memory of the past experiences and ego integrity. The participants were interviewed about their past experiences and asked about their ego integrity, depression and life satisfaction.
Although they all were satisfied with most of their past experiences and had positive memories, 80 percent of them were still unhappy and frustrated with their academic careers. In addition, their relationship with parents, marital satisfaction, and post-retirement life satisfaction have a static correlation with their ego integrity. It was also confirmed that the elderly with higher levels of ego integrity had lower levels of depression and higher levels of life satisfaction.
The policy design and implementation processes for vulnerable populations in disasters are scattered across various governmental agencies in Korea including the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family, the Ministry of Health and Welfare and the Ministry of Public Administration and Security, depending on the type of the vulnerable and the nature of the disaster. Moreover, there is no effective strategy to assist the vulnerable during the processes of disaster response and recovery. Therefore, this study aims to improve the support system for the victims of disasters in Korea by analyzing and comparing the U.S. and Japanese systems of protecting and supporting the vulnerable. Based on the lessons from the two countries, we analyze the current status of disaster support system in Korea and draw implications for policymakers and practitioners in Korea. In conclusion, the study suggests several measures to improve the support system for the vulnerable in Korea, including legal reform, organizational reconstruction, and clear identification of tasks and responsibilities among relevant government agencies.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the policy coherence of the Korean Emission Trading Scheme in the era of climate change. In order to evaluate the policy coherence, four dimensions were constructed by combining policy and administrative dimensions. These four levels of policy coherence combinations were evaluated for contextual coherence and normative coherence, which are eventually divided into eight dimensions. The results showed that the contextual coherence at each quadrant was high both in the external- vertical and internal-horizontal dimension, intermediate in the external-horizontal dimension and low in the internal-vertical dimension. The normative coherence of all dimensions was evaluated to be over 70% at an absolute level. However, if we look at the precedence of each dimension, the normative coherence at the internal-vertical dimension is the lowest, while the normative coherence at the internal-horizontal dimension is the highest. Overall, this study emphasizes the importance of the policy coherence of K-ETS at both internal-vertical and external-horizontal dimensions.
This study examined the moderated mediation effect of community attachment on the relationships between social relation and trust and sense of safety among adolescents after the 912 Gyeonju earthquake. For this purpose, the data were gathered though the online survey from 134 high school male students living in Gyeonju area. The results of the study were as follows. First, social trust fully mediated the relationship between social relation and sense of safety. Second, community attachment moderated the effect of social relation on social trust. Third, community attachment moderated the mediating effect of social trust in the relationship between social relation and sense of safety. Based on these findings, the limitations and implications of the study were discussed.
Until now, the control of rainwater penetration has been considered critical such that rainwater should be passed through sewers. However, the growing damage from drought due to climate change has increased the need to control rainwater efficiently through penetration or undercurrent and secure rainwater as an alternative water source. This study examined and analyzed the laws and regulations governing rainwater use facilities, their enforcement rules, and the current water situation in island and mountain areas. Currently, since desalination or artificial rain cannot be considered as a sustainable measure in island areas, rainwater storage should be installed to secure water supply. Besides, water supply for farmland can be secured in mountain areas through the installation of rainwater storage. It is deemed necessary to enact an ordinance concerning rainwater usage and to expand the rainwater usage facilities through the promotion, national support and pilot projects.
The purposes of this study were to identify the factors affecting the nursing students’ problem-solving ability.
Data were collected through a self-report questionnaire survey conducted between September 1 to October 10, 2017 from 200 students enrolled in three different nursing colleges in Busan and Yangsan in Korea.
The variables such as critical thinking disposition, resilience, creativity and problem-solving ability were measured. Critical thinking disposition, resilience and situational adaptability had significantly positive effects on problem-solving ability (R-squared: 48.2%) and critical thinking disposition was found to be the most significant factor for problem-solving ability among nursing students. The results from this study suggest that critical thinking disposition, resilience and situational adaptability should be considered as the main influential factors when developing intervention strategies to enhance the problem-solving ability of nursing students in Korea.
The purpose of this study was to identify and define the concept of job-esteem among nursing students.
We analyzed the data using the hybrid model introduced by Schwartz-Barcott and Kim. The data used in this study were collected from the in-depth interviews of six 3rd and 4th grade nursing students, along with the review of the relevant literature. As a result of this study, job-esteem of nursing students was finally analyzed with 3 attributes and 10 indicators at two dimensions, including intrinsic affirmative values at personal dimension and extrinsic comparative values, affirmative reputation and recognition at social dimension. In conclusion, job-esteem of nursing students was defined as the degree of self-recognition and evaluation on intrinsic affirmative values at personal dimension and extrinsic comparative values and affirmative reputation at social dimension.
This study intends to develop a sustainable urban metabolism paradigm which can be used to analyze urban safety problems in the circular and integrated manner and use the paradigm to design an urban safety assessment framework. To reach this goal, this study reviewed previous research related to urban safety, urban safety assessment, sustainable development, and urban metabolism. Based on the literature review, this study derived the paradigm of sustainable urban metabolism, suggested five principles to design the urban safety assessment framework, and used the paradigm to assess urban safety. The framework was composed of two pillars such as sustainable urban metabolism and urban safety. This study would be the first to assess the urban safety using the paradigm of sustainable urban metabolism.
This paper confirmed the risk of oil immersed transformer through analyzing statistical data and other information. It classified the components by using the reliability evaluation software where FMEA (Failure Modes and Effects Analysis) technique can be applied, and used these to determine the failure mode and its percentages and derive the RPN (risk priority number) and criticality. The criticality of the components was found in insulation, insulating oil, tank and bushing for “H grade.” Insulation may be thermally decomposed and damaged due to mechanical stress, causing overheating or fire. In addition, when the abnormal operation of the coil occurs, the temperature of insulating oil rises and an abnormal sound is generated, which may cause an explosion or a power failure if overheated. Unlike the criticality analysis, the RPN of insulating oil is low due to the easy detection of abnormal sound and high temperature.
Severe fire vulnerability was revealed during the occurrence of repeated massive fire accidents such as the 2017 Jecheon fire and the 2018 Miryang hospital fire. The analysis and comparison of these cases confirmed that fire vulnerability factors were found in all physical, economic, social, and environmental factors.
As the physical strategy for fire safety, this study demonstrated the needs to strengthen the legal punishment system, enforce thorough inspection of fire safety facilities and prevent illegal building extension. The economic strategy for reducing fire vulnerabilities includes the increase in personnel for disaster management. The social strategy focuses on improving risk management communication and preparing a practical alternative for disaster prevention by surveying and analyzing the disaster vulnerable. As for the environmental strategy, it proposes the resolutions of safety negligence, ostrich policy, and lax administrative regulations.
Among 382 domestic accidents for the recent four years, the leakage of storage tanks and facilities accounts for about 19.9%, which is relatively risky. A suitable dike should be installed around the tank considering the height and diameter of the tank in order to prevent chemical spills during the discharging process to outside. Considering the fundamental function of the dike, it is essential to physically block the spills and obtain smooth diffusion with the air. As the safety system is recently advanced, both detection equipment and automatic spill treatment system are used to reduce treatment time and diminish the toxic effect on the human body. This study scientifically confirms the improvements by measuring the probability of human damage using a Probit model and comparing the automatic fluid treatment system inside the dike with the current dike in the case of massive spills from a Hydrogen fluoride (55%) storage tank.