The purpose of this article is to examine what types of crisis management and negotiation strategies the Korean government should pursue in the denuclearization process of the Korean peninsula. The findings are as follows. First, it is necessary to make political and diplomatic commitments to the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un for the security of his regime. Second, North Korea sanctions should remain in place until complete denuclearization. Third, the US-South Korea military cooperation must be reinforced to put pressure on North Kore. Fourth, a ‘win-win’ cooperative negotiation strategy should be used, even if North Korea abandons its nuclear program. The implications of these findings include that South Korea needs to boost strategic and tactical responsiveness in the debates on the dismantlement of North Korea’s nuclear weapons and prepare for crisis management and negotiation strategies to ensure and maximize national interests.
The article examines school safety practices in France and Japan in order to seek insightful information for school safety policy in Korea. School safety training in France characterizes: 1) participation in professional development of school safety program is open to teachers, and 2) community safety agencies such as fire stations help school to operate the program. School safety education for students in Japan is featured as follows: 1) schools train students to prepare natural disasters regularly and tightly, 2) school safety manuals are well prepared and tailored to unique risks in each school. The controversial issues around the adoption of the practices in France and Japan to the Korean educational context include the scope of professional development programs about school safety and the revision of safety manuals according to disaster characteristics.
The purpose of this study was to suggest the domestic implications for the planning and operation of temporary shelter for disaster victims through a case study in Nerima-gu, Tokyo, Japan. Major results are as follows; First, Nerima-gu emphasized the role of the government and local residents in minimizing disaster damage and ensuring sustainable operation of the evacuation site. Second, Nerima-gu have developed disaster prevention guides to respond to disasters, and evacuate quickly. It is necessary to develop relevant guidelines for autonomous safety of residents according to this case study. Third, based on experiences and problems in past disasters, it is necessary to establish management and planning guidelines for residential spaces, sanitary spaces, medical spaces, and spaces for disadvantaged persons such as the elderly and disabled in temporary shelter.
This study aims to identify priorities for sequential and intensive policy implementation by overcoming the resource constraints of local government and identifying important policy contents for efficient seismic management. The AHP analysis was applied to the classified policy contents in seismic management. The results of the analysis showed that, in the areas of seismic and volcanic disaster responses, earthquake prevention was the most important content, followed by earthquake-proof measures, research on seismic mitigation, and response to earthquakes. Considering the priorities identified by these AHP method, effective policy implementation for seismic disaster management requires the establishment and improvement of evacuation plans, the seismic reinforcement of the existing facilities, and the development of seismic prevention technologies and systems. Furthermore, seismic management should be directed toward prevention, enhancement of the existing disaster management response systems, and efficient distribution of resources.
Recently, the Korean government has considered modifying the list of over-the-counter (OTC) drugs to increase consumer welfare. Considering the institutional intent ‘to improve public access to medication’, adjustments to the list of OTC drugs would be needed, but safety must first be ensured to enhance consumer benefits.
As a result of comparative legal analysis for other countries, institutional enhancement or legal amendment on three things would be needed as follows. First, the classification criteria should be specified in the law and ingredients and types of drugs need to be presented considering formulations. Second, precursory regulations on consumer-oriented labeling is strictly required so that consumers can choose safe medicines.
Third, the side effect reporting system should be activated and linked to the reclassification system so that the list of OTC drugs can include only safe medicines.
This study evaluated the effects of installing eco-wetlands and microbial attached vegetation block in the Muhan river flowing into the Sapkyo river on water quality using the QUAL2E model. As a result of simulation after the construction of ecological river, water quality concentration at the joint point of the Sapkyo river was reduced by about 29.5% due to eco-wetlands (Case 1). It is also found that BOD changed by 31.6 - 69.6% when microbial attached vegetation block was also installed along with the eco-wetlands (Case 2). If only microbial attached vegetation block was installed, water quality concentration was reduced by about 18.4-39.5% (Case 3). The maximum reduction of water quality load on the downstream was found when microbial attached vegetation block was installed with eco-wetlands. In addition, when microbial attached vegetation block was installed, effluent purification effect turned out to be higher with a longer application distance than 500 m from the joint point with Yesan river.
The purpose of this study is to recognize public image of the city among disaster-vulnerable people through a questionnaire survey in a sample of 166 disabled and non-disabled people in Cheongju City. The result of analysis show that the public images of the city that the disabled has include transportation difficulty and inaccessibility to buildings, public restrooms, elevators and parking lots. Moreover, compared to non-disabled people, the disabled have more negative images of the city such as unkindness of staff and limited accessibility to famous sites due to the lack of required infrastructure for them. The findings from this study can be used as basic evidence for promoting a support system for vulnerable population in the city.
This study examines the impact of media on morale among firefighters in the Busan Fire Service Headquarters.
The results of the analysis are as follows. The more they are interested in media and they feel it fair, the higher morale they have gained, particularly among outdoor service employees rather than indoor service employees. Male and elderly firefighters are relatively more interested in media, perceiving it fair and willing to adopt the news, compared to female and younger firefighters. This study is the first to examine the impact of media on firefighters’ morale.
The purpose of this study is to improve the elderly life satisfaction through the preparation of old age of soldiers. First, we examine the effect of old age preparedness on the life satisfaction of old soldiers as an independent variable that directly affects these variables. As a result of the analysis, it is found that the economic aging preparation, psychological aging preparation, physical aging preparation and social aging preparation have negative effects on aging life satisfaction. Also, the relationship between retirement preparation and old - age life satisfaction was controlled by former support. Therefore, the former support for the veterans of the army will be improved by the policy for improving the life satisfaction of the old, and the life satisfaction of the veterans will be higher in advanced social services.
Firefighters tend to be exposed to serious stress situations and face various psychological problems in the process of rescuing the lives and property of citizens during disasters. Particularly, if their psychological vulnerability is high or their aptitude does not fit well with the job, it could lead to more serious problems such as suicide. In addition, some firefighting officers in licensing departments may be involved in corruption and others may be dismissed as a perpetrator of sexual violence or drunken driving. Thus, more precise personality and aptitude tests should be carried out in the process of recruitment of firefighters. However, those test results are currently used only as a reference data by the interviewer during the recruitment process. In this study, we aim to find out the problems and potential resolutions to personality and aptitude tests for the purpose of recruitment of firefighters using the Delphi technique.
In 2015, MERS disaster broke in South Korea and China, which posed a threat to the public safety of the two countries. In 2003, Korean government has taken effective measures to deal with SARS disaster, but the response taken by Korean government for MERS disaster in 2015 were not appropriate to cause large losses and public concern, whereas Chinese government has taken effective measures to minimize the loss of MERS to the public. This study analyzes the disaster management and medical health disaster management system in China, then analyzes the disaster response process to MERS trough five aspects in Guangdong Province, China. And we compare the disaster response measures between China and South Korea. In conclusion, we suggest that disaster response should involve joint participation of central government, local government, and citizens since these three parties are indispensable for timely and proper disaster management.
In order to build up a quick and unified nationwide earthquake disaster management system in the event of an earthquake disaster, it is necessary to analyze the current state of earthquakes in South Korea and find the problems of the current disaster management system through earthquake cases. The purpose of this study is to investigate the basic concepts of earthquake and disaster management, largely focusing on the Gyeongju earthquake of September 12, 2017 and the Pohang Earthquake of November 15, 2017, and to suggest by comparing and analyzing the research data and previous studies which are describing the need for improvement of current diasaster management system and what its problems are.