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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

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2018, Vol.14, No.9

  • 1.

    The Relationship between Characteristics and Effectiveness of Educational Training Programs in Disaster Management - Focusing on Mediating Effect of Capacity of Civil Servants -

    Woo Ri Shin | 2018, 14(9) | pp.1~18 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study attempts to examine the effect of the capacity of civil servants on the characteristics and effectiveness of education and training programs on disaster management. To increase the effectiveness of education and training programs, it is necessary to primarily develop strategies to improve their interpersonal abilities in terms of characteristics such as diversity, cooperation, and sustainability. By examining the mediating effects of the capacity of disaster management officials on the relationship between the characteristics of education and training programs and their effectiveness, this study identified which characteristics of education and training programs should be enhanced to improve the capacity of disaster management officials and improve the effectiveness of education and training programs.
  • 2.

    An Exploratory Study on the Influencing Factors of Safety Behaviors of Citizens

    Jaeho Seo | 2018, 14(9) | pp.19~35 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The paper presented safety needs, safe environment and safety culture as factors that affect the safety behaviors of citizens and analyzed their behaviors in three areas such as traffic safety, life safety, and disaster- related safety. Results show that safety desires and culture have a statistically significant impact on safety behavior and age and gender are associated with safety behavior. This paper presented several implications based on the results of the empirical analysis. First, since citizens’ safety culture has more influence on safety behavior than safety needs, the government’s policy direction needs a strategic approach to develop safety culture on the premise of safety needs. Second, it confirmed that influencing factors have a discriminatory effect on the safety of citizens. Third, a theoretical refinement is required as a further study, especially in the measurement of the safety behavior.
  • 3.

    The Effect of Educational Training Satisfaction on Job Competence and Performance Perceptions of Public Servants Working in Disaster and Safety Management in South Korea - Focusing on the Moderating Effect -

    koo joo young | 2018, 14(9) | pp.37~54 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Public servants in the field of disaster and safety management need to be educated and trained to increase their job competence and performance. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of educational training on job competence and performance perceptions by focusing on the moderating effect of satisfaction on educational training effectiveness. The results of the findings show that perception of educational training effectiveness is positively related to job competence and performance perception of public servants. In addition, the negative effect of educational training factors on job competence and performance perception of public servants is reduced due to a moderating effect of satisfaction on educational training effectiveness. These findings have implications on understanding the effectiveness of educational training among public servants in Korea.
  • 4.

    Work Experience of Child Protective Service Counselors with less than 3 Years of Experience

    Kim Hye Sun | 2018, 14(9) | pp.55~70 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study interviewed 11 counselors who has been working less than 3 years at a regional child protective service center from June to September 2017 to understand their work experiences, and analyzed the interview contents using the Colaizzi method, one of the phenomenological methods. All of the counselors were college graduates majoring in social welfare and had the first-grade social worker license. The study found 74 statements, 31 theme clusters, and 7 categories such as ‘prior to joining, I was confident in counseling for abused children’, ‘I am overexposed to all abuses’, ‘I live in tension’, ‘people around me are uncooperative’, ‘my personal life is tangled with life as counselor’, ‘my past, present and future are shaking’, and ‘I try to breathe under the water’. Based on these results, this study suggested practical policy plans on how to support counselors working in child protective services.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Reorganization Plan for Fire Fighting Organizations

    Jin Chae | Jeong Soo Lim | 2018, 14(9) | pp.71~86 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to suggest the direction of the reorganization of fire-fighting organizations in Korea in order to effectively respond to changes in the environment and demand for fire safety through a theoretical investigation and actual state analysis of firefighting organizations. First, since fire-fighting organizations should promote a fire safety policy and perform disaster response functions, we propose to reorganize the National Fire Agency into 2 Bureaus, 2 Offices, and 5 Departments. Second, the Local Fire Agencies should be newly established and reorganized into 1 Bureau, 1 Office, 5 Sections, and 1 Unit. Third, the fire stations should be reorganized into 5 sections in order to effectively execute the fire safety policies for cities, counties, and districts.
  • 6.

    Improving Applicability of Incident Event and Frequency Analysis for Off-site Risk Assessment and Safety Enhancement in Korea

    Sol Lim Kwak | Jin Seon Lee | Jung Kon Kim and 3other persons | 2018, 14(9) | pp.87~99 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Both the Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) and the Oil & Gas Producer (OGP) have mainly been used to calculate the incident frequencies in ORA (Off-site Risk Assessment). Because the incident frequencies in OGP are calculated under the assumption of well-equipped safety devices, they are a lot lower than those of LOPA. Furthermore, the definition of incident event is not clear and the incident frequencies of LOPA used in ORA are conservatively evaluated compared to other methods. In order to solve these problems, we investigated the incident frequencies of FRED (Failure Rate of Equipment Data) and TNO Purple book and compared them with the incident frequencies of the current domestic ORA. Following that, we adjusted the incident events in the domestic method using LOPA incident events to reduce the gap with other methods. In addition, because the currently-used IPLs are limited, we suggested ten IPLs (Independent Protection Layers) for current applications and ten IPLs for future applications based on the analysis of CCPS guidelines, FRED, and RIVM manual.
  • 7.

    GIS-based Spatial Analysis Method to Analyze the Characteristics of Fire Services and Identify Vulnerable Areas - The Case of Cheongju City, Korea -

    Hye Rim Choi | Ban, Yong-un | Jong In Baek and 1other persons | 2018, 14(9) | pp.101~109 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzed the characteristics of fire services in Cheongju City and identified vulnerable areas using a spatial analysis method. It employed a kernel density analysis to identify the areas with high density of illegal parking and stopping, and the GIS network analysis to calculate fire protection accessibility for fire trucks to reach the destination within both 5 minutes and 10 minutes from the departure at the fire station. This study found that adequate fire service has not been provided for Cheongju City and there is a difference in fire service vulnerability in the outskirt of Cheongju City. To solve this problem, it is recommended that a proper fire-fighting arrangement needs to be provided in the vulnerable areas. The results of this study can be used as the basic data for targeted arrangement of fire-fighting services in Cheongju City.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Rationalization of Criteria for Facilities Handling Toxic Chemicals in Consideration of the Threshold Quantity

    Eun Byul Lee | Byungtae Yoo | 2018, 14(9) | pp.111~120 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The Korean government revised the Chemical Control Act in 2015 to promote chemical safety, particularly enhancing the standards for the installation and management of chemical-handling facilities. Although it provided a significant accident prevention effect due to the stronger workplace safety management, industry has been complaining that some standards are applied universally without considering specific chemical usages and locations. In this study, we attempted to provide a more rational approach to these standards by comparing and analyzing the similar safety management systems around the world. We also conducted a survey of 100 stakeholders in chemical-handling facilities. Based on the findings, we proposed a reasonable method to apply installation and management standards of chemical handling facilities, depending on whether or not they are located within an industrial complex and they handle only a small quantity of ORA.
  • 9.

    A Pathological Review of Controversy Over U.S. Beef Imports and BSE Risk Perception in Korea

    Se Hyeon Han | Joon Seok Park | 2018, 14(9) | pp.121~132 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The Bovine Spongiform Encephalitis (BSE), also called as ‘Mad Cow Disease’, outbreaks created fear and social conflict in 2008 and 2012 in Korea, and their impacts still remain present. Therefore, the Korean government must raise public understanding of BSE issues by providing the accurate scientific data and implement reasonable and effective policies for socially acceptable solutions. We examined the pathological aspects of BSE by a review of the literature, including news articles. We focused on the five key controversies over BSE-infected beef from U.S. from a science communication perspective, such as (1) association between degenerative brain disease and vCJD, (2) prevalence of human vCJD, (3) risk of vCJD infection associated with beef from 30-month-old cattle, (4) establishment of SRM range, and (5) the review of claims that Koreans are genetically susceptible to CJD.
  • 10.

    A Comparative Analysis of Socioeconomic Characteristics of Chemical Substance Emissions: From the Viewpoint of Environmental Justice

    LEE SEUNG HOON | Ban, Yong-un | Jong In Baek and 2other persons | 2018, 14(9) | pp.133~144 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study intended to identify the actual status of environmental injustice in Korea through finding a geographic distribution of chemical substance emissions and comparing socio-economic characteristics of the local governments exposed to chemical substance emissions with those without being exposed to the emissions. It employed ‘one-way ANOVA’ and ‘Scheffe’s method’ to find out the difference between their mean values of socio-economic indicators. The following results are found: (1) among 229 governments, about 70% of total amount of chemical emissions had been disproportionately accumulated in only 23 local governments mainly located in Seoul and Chungcheong regions; 2) there is a statistically significant difference in socio-economic indicators between the groups of local governments with and without exposure of chemical substances. These results confirmed that chemical substance emissions have been disproportionately concentrated on particular regions in Korea, implying environmental injustice between the regions with high and low exposure of chemical substances.