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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

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2018, Vol.14, No.11

  • 1.

    A Study on the Developmental Trajectory and Predictors of Depression among the Physically Disabled

    Gyoung Hwa Kim | Shin, Eunkyoung | 2018, 14(11) | pp.1~28 | number of Cited : 1
    This study investigated the developmental trajectory and predicting factors of depression among the physically disabled in Korea. The data were provided by the 9th,10th, and 11th Korea Welfare Panel Study. The results were as follows. First, the developmental trajectory of depression followed a free growth model at a decreasing trend. Second, health condition, working capability, household, satisfaction in family relationship and housing, economic activity, and stress from family life influenced the initial status of depression, while working capability, economic activity, self-esteem, and satisfaction from leisure activities affected on the change rates. Based on these findings, policies and practical suggestions were discussed on how to deal with depression of the physically disabled.
  • 2.

    Dokdo Volunteer Forces’ Crisis Management and Modern Spirit of Righteous Army

    Na seung hak | 2018, 14(11) | pp.29~42 | number of Cited : 0
    For maintaining and strengthening sovereignty over Dokdo, it is necessary for Korea to consolidate effective control over Dokdo. We examined about the Dokdo Volunteer Forces which played an important role in control over Dokdo. The Dokdo Volunteer Forces are the modern version of righteous army against Japan’s pillage of Dokdo during the turmoil by the Korean War. The root of the emergence of righteous army in other times was organized during a national crisis, while the Dokdo Volunteer Forces started from the personal motivation of overcoming a crisis. This is why we have to remember and inherit the spirit to future generations.
  • 3.

    NIMBYism, Social Capital and Civic Engagement - The Impact of General Trust, Volunteering and Giving on NIMBYism

    Jeong An Song | 2018, 14(11) | pp.43~58 | number of Cited : 1
    The key thesis of this paper is to analyze the impact of social capital (general trust) and civic engagement (volunteering and giving) on Nimbyism, an attitude ascribed to persons who object to the siting of unwanted public facilities in their own neighborhood. To explore this, a growth mixture model was applied to the Korean Welfare Panel Study (2006-2015). The results showed that three latent classes were identified (low-rapidity NIMBYism, mid-rapidity NIMBYism, and high-rapidity NIMBYism), and that general trust, volunteering and giving not only lowered but also enhanced NIMBYism, depending on how fast NIMBYism increased. Finally, theoretical and policy implications of these findings were discussed
  • 4.

    A Survey of 119 Paramedics about the Introduction of Severity Classifier in Disaster

    Han Seung Tae | Jin Hyeon Kim | 2018, 14(11) | pp.59~71 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the general perceptions of 119 paramedics in triage about the system of severity classifier and use it as basic data for its introduction in Korea. A total of 332 surveys were collected from 119 paramedics in C area from October 10 to October 30, 2017 and analyzed using SPSS 21.0. The results of the study suggest that the degree of involvement in severity classifiers is higher for those who see the need of a severity classifier or who are willing to participate in disaster and multiple casualty education. Therefore, the introduction and active implementation of a severity classifier would construct an effective severity classification operation system, which provides educational opportunities for systematic triage and 119 paramedics.
  • 5.

    Explaining the Role of Motivation in Opposition to Nuclear Power Energy - Focusing on EIV (Expectancy, Instrumentality, and Valence) in Expectancy Theory

    KIM MIRI | Kim SeoYong | 2018, 14(11) | pp.73~89 | number of Cited : 0
    In the age of information society, the internet is full of useful information which individuals can utilize for their critical decision making, such as the judgment on nuclear power energy. Based on the internet information, individuals can take actions for or against nuclear power energy. In this process, motivation plays a critical role in taking counteraction against nuclear power energy. Based on the survey data collected from 1,572 internet users in Korea, this study examines the impacts of the information-related motivation factors on opposition action online. We applied the Victor Vroom’s expectancy theory that used EIV (Expectancy, Instrumentality and Valence) as main motivation factors. We compared the explanatory power of EIV with that of psychometric paradigm as a direct explanatory variable, and analyzed the role of EIV as a moderator.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Evaluation of Shelters for Elderly Abuse Victims Using AHP

    Kum Ju Kwon | Kim Hye Sun | 2018, 14(11) | pp.91~105 | number of Cited : 1
    This study aimed to present the most appropriate shelter model for the abused elderly by investigating the current operation regulations and the status of shelters for the abused elderly in Korea. We analyzed the interviews of shelter staff as well as the elderly who had experiences with the shelters based on the qualitative and survey data from 17 shelters. We derived four models, including ‘Independent Shelter Based on Case Management’, ‘Consignment Shelter Based on Case Management’, ‘Independent Shelter Based on Caring’, and ‘Consignment Shelter Based on Caring’. Furthermore, in order to determine the most suitable model, we used the AHP technique to ask 15 experts who had worked or studied on the abused elderly to evaluate the four shelter models by effectiveness, efficiency, expertise, practicability, and overall. Finally, the ‘Consignment Shelter Based on Case Management’ model was selected as the most proper model. This study is meaningful in clarifying the characteristics of a shelter for the abused elderly and structuring systematically the functions to be performed.
  • 7.

    A Plan for Effective Disaster Safety Management in the Community - Focused on Volunteer Fire Department

    Yang Gi Geun | Lee Jae Wook | Park Junhwi | 2018, 14(11) | pp.107~121 | number of Cited : 1
    The purpose of this study is to present the problems and a development plan in the legal, administrative and financial aspects of volunteer fire department in Korea. The results of the study are as follows. First, the purpose and duty of the volunteer fire department should be revised from 'Assistance in Fire Service' to 'Support and Cooperation in Fire Service' in the「Law on the Establishment and Operation of the Volunteer Fire Department」, which could make its role voluntary and initiative instead of being passive and heteronomous. Secondly, the volunteer fire department should be positioned as a 'community safety guard' to support fire-fighting activities as a local disaster prevention leader rather than just a volunteer. Third, it is necessary to promote their continuous participation not only by enhancing their psychological satisfaction but also by providing financial rewards such as salary and retirement allowances for those who work for several days a month.
  • 8.

    Risk Analysis for Reservoir Collapse by a Multi-hazard Approach

    Young Kyu Lee | 2018, 14(11) | pp.123~134 | number of Cited : 2
    In the study, we infer the causes of the Mowon Reservoir Collapse which occurred in 2018. It was figured out that the Mowon Reservoir Collapse was induced by the hazards from changes in waterway, reservoir area, land cover, and rainfall. We analyzed the risk of collapse for 3,186 reservoirs managed by the Korean Rural Community Corporation (KRCC) through a multi-hazard approach. The consequences of the reservoir collapse were categorized to 5 classes, assuming that the losses by collapse are proportional to reservoir capacities. The likelihoods were rated for each class according to the scores determined by the hazards from reservoir inspection grade, rainfall change, earthquake magnitude change, land cover change, and fire area. The reservoir collapse risks were calculated by a risk matrix of likelihood and consequence. Naju, Yeongam and Gyeongju were identified as the most risky Si-gun-gu’s according to the total sum risks.
  • 9.

    Estimation of the Debris Flow Loss through the Development of a Debris Flow Impact Pressure Model

    Nam Dong Ho | Kang Dong Ho | Kim, Byung Sik | 2018, 14(11) | pp.135~148 | number of Cited : 0
    Recently, human and property damages have been frequently reported by debris disaster such as debris flow and landslide, which were caused by a variety of factors such as intensive rain due to climate change and thoughtless development of mountainous areas. In order to reduce the damage by such debris flow, it is required to quantitatively estimate the impact pressure of the debris flow and to evaluate the structures in the hazardous areas and the surrounding facilities. In this paper, we developed an impact pressure model Type 1 reflecting the debris flow characteristics and an impact pressure model Type 2 reflecting the topographic characteristics of the mountain watershed. The reliability of the Type-1 and Type-2 impact pressure models was verified based on the impact pressure of the commercial model RAMMS.
  • 10.

    A Study on Development of Secondary Traumatic Stress Prevention Program

    Hyun, Jinhee | Kim Hyang A | 2018, 14(11) | pp.149~165 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to develop a program that can be adopted at an organizational level, preventing secondary traumatic stress and strengthening resilience of practitioners who are continuously exposed to client’s trauma. During the process of the program development, the intervention research model was employed. Both need survey and focus group interview were performed to counselors in child protection agencies, which confirmed the level of secondary traumatic stress experienced by counselors, impact on their work and personal life, and the status of the trauma-related training programs offered at an organizational level. The required contents and operational methods of the programs were also identified. A pilot study performed on 7 counselors found that the program reduced the level of secondary traumatic stress and depression, and improved the stress-coping style of the counselors. Based on the results, a preventative program was finally developed at an organizational level for practitioners working with trauma-exposed clients.
  • 11.

    The Effects of Trust in Food Label Information and Negative Emotions about Food on Safety Behavior among Adult South Korean Consumers

    Hyun-jung Yoo | Song Eugene | 2018, 14(11) | pp.167~183 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study set out to investigate the effects of consumers’ emotions about food safety and their trust in food labeling as one of the government policies affecting safety behavior. It is found that consumers’ trust in label information and their negative emotions turned out to be important factors influencing their food safety behaviors. In addition, their food safety attitudes and negative emotions turned out to have huge impacts on their food safety behavior. Substantial levels of negative emotions and label checking behaviors were also reported. The findings raised a need for the government to manage and monitor food label information in a regular and efficient manner, develop an effective labeling system, and identify factors to control consumers’ negative emotions.
  • 12.

    Equity in Voting Accessibility: The Case of North Carolina

    Yi-En Tso | Dohyeong Kim | Lee Chang-Kil | 2018, 14(11) | pp.185~199 | number of Cited : 0
    Limited political participation in certain groups or areas could potentially lead to social and economic crisis. This paper examined whether or not voting accessibility have been equally distributed to different groups of citizens by race, gender, economic status, and distance to voting sites, focusing on the case of North Carolina in the United States. In particular, we discovered who were more likely to vote early as an absentee vote including Sunday and what factors affected their voting behaviors. We used the 2012 U.S. Presidential election data to examine socioeconomic characteristics of those who voted early and on Sunday. The findings from this research could be used as guidance to policy-makers and law-makers on how to enhance the level of equity in voting accessibility and reduce potential conflict and crisis within a society, not only in the U.S but also in other countries.