The Purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of disaster knowledge, awareness, preparedness on disaster response ability among nursing students, and to identify their correlation as well as the factors affecting their ability to cope with disasters. The questionnaires were collected from 209 nursing students in Korea from March to April, 2018. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and hierarchical regression analysis. The results showed that the average scores of disaster awareness, disaster preparedness, disaster response ability and disaster knowledge were 3.58 ± 0.65 (out of 5), 3.06 ± 0.70 (out of 5), 3.01 ± .57 (out of 5). and 5.12 ± 1.71 (out of 10) respectively. The factors affecting the ability of nursing students to cope with disasters included grade (β = .165, p = .012), disaster preparedness (β = .385, p = <.001), disaster education experience (β = 212, p=.001) and the total explanatory power was 24.0% (F = 11.924, p = <.001). The findings suggested that a disaster education program should be developed with various contents and implemented in the nursing education curriculum.