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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

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2018, Vol.14, No.12

  • 1.

    The Effectiveness of Problem-Solving Therapy Program in Suicide Prevention for the Depressed Elderly Living Alone

    Yeon Ok Lim | 2018, 14(12) | pp.1~21 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study used the quasi-experimental research design to examine the effectiveness of problem-solving therapy (PST) for the depressed elderly people living alone as a suicidal high-risk group. PST was conducted for the experimental group, both the experimental and control groups were subjected to pre-test, post-test, and follow-up test on depression and social problem-solving ability. The effectiveness of PST was verified by repeated measurement variance analysis and t-test. PST was found effective in reducing depression and its effect continued until the follow-up test. PST strengthened social problem-solving ability and rational problem-solving style, but reduced negative problem orientation and impulsive/avoidant problem-solving style, but their effects did not persist in the follow-up test. In conclusion, PST was found suitable to prevent suicide for the depressed elderly living alone, and thus PST training programs should be expanded for social workers and follow-up management should be carried out for PST participants.
  • 2.

    Determinants of Disaster Management Budget in Local Autonomies - Focused on Disaster Vulnerability Factors -

    Chang-jin Kim | Sung-Woo Hong | 2018, 14(12) | pp.23~46 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to explore the determinants affecting the disaster management budget, focusing on disaster-vulnerable groups in local autonomies. For this purpose, we analyzed the five-year panel data of 226 local governments in South Korea from 2012 to 2016 using the Panel Corrected Standard Error (PCSE) and Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) methods. The PCSE method showed that the ratio of elderly population and the number of businesses had a positive effect, while the ratio of basic livelihood security recipients and local share tax had a negative effect. However, the GMM method controlling endogeneity revealed that incrementalism was a positive factor but the ratio of elderly population and the ratio of basic livelihood security recipients were found insignificant. These results confirmed that the role of disaster- vulnerable groups as determinants of disaster management budget is unclear for local autonomies in South Korea.
  • 3.

    The Effect of Disaster Knowledge, Disaster Awareness and Disaster Preparedness on Disaster Response Ability among Nursing Students

    cho hye young | 2018, 14(12) | pp.47~58 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The Purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of disaster knowledge, awareness, preparedness on disaster response ability among nursing students, and to identify their correlation as well as the factors affecting their ability to cope with disasters. The questionnaires were collected from 209 nursing students in Korea from March to April, 2018. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and hierarchical regression analysis. The results showed that the average scores of disaster awareness, disaster preparedness, disaster response ability and disaster knowledge were 3.58 ± 0.65 (out of 5), 3.06 ± 0.70 (out of 5), 3.01 ± .57 (out of 5). and 5.12 ± 1.71 (out of 10) respectively. The factors affecting the ability of nursing students to cope with disasters included grade (β = .165, p = .012), disaster preparedness (β = .385, p = <.001), disaster education experience (β = 212, p=.001) and the total explanatory power was 24.0% (F = 11.924, p = <.001). The findings suggested that a disaster education program should be developed with various contents and implemented in the nursing education curriculum.
  • 4.

    A Study on Improving Legal System for Recovery of Large-scale Complex Disaster Recovery

    Mi Ri Park | Young Suk Oak | Young Kune Lee | 2018, 14(12) | pp.59~71 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Climate change has received global attention for a long time and its damages have been enlarged and diversified. South Korea introduced the district-level comprehensive recovery system in 2012, and a pilot project is in progress. The district-level comprehensive recovery system is a system that designates and restores a certain area experiencing multiple damages such as flood or landslide as a target district unit, considering the type of damage, basin, etc. However, it has limitations in its scope and institution in case of large-scale complex disasters, and thus needs to be restructured as a national level plan to restore, rebuild and reconstruct the damaged areas. This study presents a proactive and practical guideline to strengthen legal foundations for large-scale disaster recovery and reconstruction, which should be used as a model for future efforts to legislation that can respond to large-scale disasters in South Korea.
  • 5.

    Developing a Disaster Management Assessment Model Using a Resilience Engineering Method

    Jihee Lee | Hye Jin Yang | Donghyun Kim | 2018, 14(12) | pp.73~83 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    A national safety management system in Korea focuses on responding capacity to cope with imminent accidents and risks. There is no assessment function for the organic operation states of the entire systems because it assesses the capacities of individuals, disaster management department, institution, and management network in four stages including prevention, preparation, response, and recovery. Therefore, it is necessary to develop systematic assessment indices that will allow for active pre-checks in departments in organizations, rather than the conventional simple inspection method. This study used a resilience engineering method to develop a disaster management assessment model, which consists of a total of 56 disaster management items in four capacities such as anticipation (13 items), monitoring (14 items), responding (15 items) and learning (14 items).
  • 6.

    A Study on the Establishment of Safe Work Environment for Young Workers

    Ja Eun Roh | sonjinhee | Kim KwangByung | 2018, 14(12) | pp.85~98 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of the study is to find ways to create safe working environment for young people in South Korea. We first investigated youth labor status and safety conditions in their workplace, and then examined the laws and regulations pertaining to youth work safety. Further, we reviewed the legal foundations of youth work safety in other countries to draw implications for Korea. Based on these analyses, the following practical measures were proposed to improve youth work safety in Korea. First, the concept of the safety right of young workers should be established in environmental aspects, including fundamental labor assurance. Second, work safety regulations for teenagers should be established, including mandatory training that must be preceded before hiring young workers.
  • 7.

    Estimating R-Value of Facility Using Hazardous Chemical for Industries Submitting the Small-Scale Off-site Risk Assessment Reports

    Jin Hee Jung | Hyeong Jun Lim | Ji Eun Lee and 5other persons | 2018, 14(12) | pp.99~109 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Since the implementation of the Act on Chemical Substance Management, the number of the small-scale Off-site Risk Assessment (ORA) reports submitted has been gradually increasing from 2015 to 2017. Classifying industrial categories of the ORA reports submitted by small business sites into 15 processes, 166 were found to be surface treatment (plating) and 36 were printing (gravia). When more than 2 facilities are located in the same space, the R value must be applied. If the R value is greater than 1 even if the individual facility meets the small-quantity criteria, the level-2 ORA report should be submitted to the government in addition to safety and administrative measures. Thus, this study determined R values for printing (gravia) and surface treatment (plating) processes, which are the industries that mainly submit a small-scale ORA report. The findings from this study are expected to help prevent chemical accidents in small businesses in blind spots.
  • 8.

    Analyzing Attitude Change towards Nuclear Energy after the Fukushima Accident - An Application of Multilevel Modeling -

    Sang-Seok Bae | Donggeun Kim | Kim SeoYong | 2018, 14(12) | pp.111~130 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The Fukushima nuclear accident had a significant impact on the attitude change toward nuclear energy. This attitude change critically influences the energy transition, in particular, phaseout of nuclear energy. The purpose of this study is to analyze the determinants of attitude change toward nuclear energy after the Fukushima accident. Since the attitude change is influenced not only by the individual variables but also by the contextual variables, it is necessary to set both the macro country-level variables and the micro individual-level variables as the causal variables of the attitude change. Empirical findings summarize that male, education, religion, risk perception, and trust at the individual level, and operation of nuclear power plant, GDP per capita at the country level had a crucial impact on attitude change from supporting to opposing.
  • 9.

    Water Supply Scenarios in Response to Disaster Situations

    Seung-Seop Ahn | Kyo-Sik Kim | 2018, 14(12) | pp.131~140 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the water supply scenario when Daegu metropolitan area is out of water supply due to disaster. Deagu metropolitan area receives 60.5% of the total water supply from Nakdong river. In the scenario 1 assuming that the Maegok water purification plant cannot be operated, 250 lpcd of water supply can be provided with 80.4% reliability. In the scenario 2 assuming the Maegok and Munsan water purification plants are out of operation due to a water pollution accident in Nakdong river, it is possible to supply 205 lpcd of water with 60.4% reliability. As the results of the scenario-based study indicate, Deagu metropolitan area needs to develop the emergency response strategy for reliable water supply in case water supply from Nakdong river is in danger.
  • 10.

    A Spatial Analysis of Underground Public Pedestrian Facilities Connected to Subway Station - Focused on the Underground Shopping Arcade around the Subway Stations in Gyeongin Line -

    Kim Seung Hoo | Na Insu | 2018, 14(12) | pp.141~153 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Underground public pedestrian facilities were mainly built throughout the 1970s to 1980s. These facilities have been used as an evacuation area in case of emergency and a convenient access road to underground level. Underground shopping arcades were installed to reduce the construction costs and create more available space. However, during this process, they were mostly regarded as space for business and travel instead of public space. The purpose of this study is to identify the current issues of underground public pedestrian facilities in the Incheon Metropolitan Area and suggest policy alternatives and the guidelines for design. Four subway stations in the Incheon Metropolitan Area including Dongincheon station, Jemulpo station, Juan station and Bupyung station were selected as the study site.
  • 11.

    Analyzing the Shadow Price of Industrial Water Resources and Water Shortage Scenario - An Application of Water Input-Output Linear Programming -

    Oh, Hee-Kyun | Lee, Hee Chan | 2018, 14(12) | pp.155~168 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study set the water input-output model by linking the amount of water use to inter-industry relations table (IRT), and estimated shadow prices of water resources in agricultural, industrial and service sector using linear programming method. The 2014 water data and IRT data were collected and linked for integration of water usage and input-output table, and 30 major categories of IRT were redefined into 12 sub-sectors. Using the data, the shadow prices and their changes in each sector were estimated according to drought scenarios. The main results derived from the water input-output linear programming are as follows. Shadow prices of agriculture water, industrial water and service industry water were 864 won/㎥, 27,545 won/㎥ and 275,449 won/㎥ respectively. The shadow price changes by water shortage (10% to 90% constraint) ranged from 1,518 to 2,369 won/㎥ for agricultural use, 61,721 to 997,092 won/㎥ for industrial use, and 294,923 to 381,192 won/㎥ for service industry. In particular, it was confirmed that the damage level in the industrial sector increased sharply at the 50% restriction level.
  • 12.

    Achieving Success in Counter-Insurgency - The Rajapaksa Model and the Defeat of the Tamil Tigers -

    Chun, Kwang Ho | 2018, 14(12) | pp.169~185 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In the first few months of 2009, thousands of innocent civilians were killed as the Sri Lankan government besieged the notorious Tamil Tigers, after a brutal struggle that had lasted for almost thirty years. Sri Lanka claimed that the victory was the product of the “Rajapaksa Model” of counter-insurgency (COIN), but many western theorists disputed this claim and put Sri Lanka’s success down to an opportunistic reaction to a unique set of events. This paper investigates whether Sri Lanka’s defeat of the LTTE is an example of genuine COIN success by analyzing the causes of the conflict and more specifically the factors that had up until then prevented its resolution. Finally, it investigates why the “Rajapaksa Model” led to the defeat of the world’s foremost terrorist group. This paper argues that Sri Lanka’s victory in this case is not as a genuine COIN campaign because it failed to build on the military victory and did not address the underlying causes of the conflict. The “Rajapaksa Model” of COIN provided a remedy rather than a cure.