The purpose of this study was to explore in depth the experience of the families of Sewol Ferry disaster victims in using social work disaster services. The network of 10 welfare centers called “Woori Hamkae” is a representative social welfare organization that has been supporting victims’ families in the Ansan area after the sinking of the Sewol Ferry. An in-depth interview was conducted at their secretariat with a total of 10 recommended family members of Sewol Ferry victims including six parents and four siblings in order to examine their experience in services offered by “Woori Hamkae”. A qualitative content analysis was conducted to identify three themes and seven subthemes. The three identified themes include “the collapse of daily life, a broken heart and a closed mind”, “being respected as the agency of recovery”, and “self-help and recovery”. On the basis of the results of this study, some practical policy recommendations were proposed on how social work should be practiced in disaster situations.
This study attempted to identify the level of ethical awareness and decision-making among healthcare providers (HCPs) in response to pandemic influenza. The data from 227 HCPs working at five hospitals in Seoul and suburbs were analyzed. During the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in 2015, 31.3% of them had experiences in “active surveillance” or “home-isolation”; 18.9% provided direct care for MERS-CoV patients; and 31.1% of whose parents experienced “refusal” from their children’s kindergarten or school. They were aware of their rights to receive accurate information and to be protected by their hospitals, while there was a significant difference in the level of ethical decision-making across hospitals. In conclusion, HCPs were sensitive to ethical issues related to pandemic influenza, and were faithful to four principles of ethical decision-making. As a further study, developing a tool for measuring ethical aspects of HCPs and ethical guidelines in response to pandemic influenza are recommended
The purpose of this article is to examine the impacts of the U.S. financial crisis on the Obama Administration’s foreign policy towards China. When faced with limited resources to conduct a sustained rivalry with China, the Obama administration embraced “smart power” as a foundation of foreign policy to achieve policy goals.
The U.S. and China cooperated on various issues, including maintenance of stable international system, counterterrorism, and global warming. Although the tight currency management and vigorous diplomatic engagement by China caused a serious rupture with the U.S. occasionally, both countries tried to avoid further conflicts. The Obama administration’s “smart power” policy toward China was an effective mechanism to reduce conflicts and promote cooperation between the two countries.
Artificial waves inside the lake generated due to the opening and closing of the tidal power plant cause wave setup and inundation of salty water by wave setup can harm crops in nearby farmland. This study was carried out to investigate and analyze wave setup, the main cause of this salt damage. The water level fluctuation monitoring was performed using a pressure gauge. The atmospheric correction was performed to ensure the reliability of the pressure-type water level gauge and the level of the measurement station was standardized as a reference point of the tidal power plant. The correlation analysis between the tidal power plant and the Jangjeon barrage was based on water level before generation, water level fluctuation at the beginning and end of generation and the difference between the peak water levels inside the lake and in the Jangjeon barrage. As a result of the analysis, it was found that wave setup, which is the rise of the water level in the Jangjeon barrage, has the strongest correlation with water level reduction at the front of the generator which occurs simultaneously with the stop of the generator.
The purpose of this research is to suggest alternatives to prevent a psychopathic crime in a military base by analyzing death incidents occurred in military bases in Korea. Based on the two cases on the “Goseong killing spree incident” and “death incident of Pvt. First Class Yoon”, this research analyzes their psychopathic features with emphasis on emotional, interpersonal, and behavioral perspectives. As the result of the research, some strategies to prevent a psychopathic crime are suggested. First, a new diagnostic test for early identification and isolation of psychopathic patients must be developed. Second, barracks counselors, military surgeons specialized in psychology, military school students, and field executives should have improved capabilities to discern psychopaths through a new method of personality test. Lastly, the military police in the investigation agency should train professional profilers who can accurately investigate a cause of incidents and provide a clear and reasonable explanation to the public.
The purpose of this research is to compare and analyze the factors influencing disaster response capabilities of elderly people at home, focusing on their past experience in earthquake situations. The major research findings are as follows: First, elderly people at home with earthquake experience demonstrated a higher anxiety of death, disaster awareness and response capabilities. Second, gender, health status and disaster awareness affected the disaster response capabilities among elderly people at home with earthquake experience, whereas gender, trust in government, and disaster awareness affected the disaster response capabilities of those without. It is confirmed that there is difference in factors affecting disaster response capabilities between those with and without the past experience in earthquake. Based on these findings, practical policy measures are recommended to improve disaster response capabilities of elderly people at home.
This study was conducted retrospectively to identify the main risk factors related to the reactions to disaster and symptoms of the subjects chosen by the psychological support group after the fire accident in Jecheon.
Frequency analysis, t-test, Fisher’s exact test, and simple logistic regression were conducted using the collected data by SPSS 23.0. These analyses identified whether they belong to a high-risk group(B=1.814, p=<.013) and whether they have undergone any suicidal ideation(B=1.735, p=<.022) as significant influence factors.
Therefore, at the early stage of disaster mental health support program, an evaluation about suicidal ideation as well as a mental health evaluation should be performed by the psychological support group.
Recently, the global flood damage has been increased due to climate change and extreme events. Korea has been suffering continuing damages from flood disasters, and the efforts are being made to minimize the flood damages by governmental organizations. This study analyzed various policies and systems for minimizing damages, along with their underlying disaster statistics and information, in order to derive policy implications as to the disaster statistics and information management. Efficient management of disasters should be built around the Ministry of Interior and Safety as the control tower in Korea, and institutional devices should be constructed for efficient sharing. Compared to overseas cases, flood disasters in Korea are relatively small in size and given less priorities, which leads to the limited usability of various policies.
Since disaster information is managed by a number of agencies in Korea, a more intensive management would be needed by the Ministry of Public Administration and Security. Institutional enhancements are also needed to make these improvements at a national level.
This study developed the water industry index to be used for the overseas expansion of the water resource industry in Korea and examined its applicability. We investigated the domestic and foreign water resources indicators that have been previously developed, examined the detailed items and purposes of each indicator, and then selected the detailed indicators for three types of water industry: watershed development industry, water supply and sewerage industry and alternative water resource industry. We created a water industry index for each country using the detailed indicator items. When comparing the calculated water industry indexes across the continent, the indexes were generally estimated high in Africa and Asia while those in Europe were low for all industrial types. As a result of this study, we provided information that can help Korean water resources company establish their overseas strategy and determine priorities based on an objective and quantitative evaluation of water industry in a target country.
A concrete lining of a tunnel is spalled due to increasing internal air pressure when exposed to a prolonged fire caused by a car accident. The spalled-off concrete pieces expose steels to high temperature, which leads to their stress loss and eventually the collapse of a tunnel could be collapsed due to the deterioration of concrete and steel. Therefore, a fireproofing material should be applied to protect concrete lining and steel from high temperature. This paper selected a cementitious matrix with EVA polymer and a basalt fiber as the fireproofing materials and evaluated their fire-resistant performance by the RABT-ZTV fire loading tests using a liquefied petroleum gas(LPG). Their levels of depths are used as a test variable(20mm, 30mm or 40mm), and the interior temperatures of concrete, steel, and the cementitious matrix are obtained from embedded K-type thermocouples. Failure mechanism and thermal results of the interior concrete and cementitious matrix are discussed in detail.
After defining collaborative governance, this study identifies governance problems and resolutions. This study claims: Governance actors should collectively formulate clearer regulations for disease prevention and response. Governments need to prevent the Lake Wobegon Effect and invest to recruit medical experts to grow the number of medical experts available in the field. Governments need to organize their employees’ labor, compensate them for their sacrifice, and manage their stress. Governments should collaborate with private organizations and the military to mobilize their collective resources quickly. To support this collaboration, governments need to expand their budgets via various routes. Guided by facilitative leadership, domestic and international agencies should collaborate and communicate to expand and diversify their information and financial support.