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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.79
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2019, Vol.15, No.6

  • 1.

    Developing Evaluation Method of Improving Sound Environment in Shelters in Disaster Situations

    Yim Dong-Kyun | Lee, Jae Eun | 2019, 15(6) | pp.1~15 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    A shelter, a facility in which victims affected by disasters evacuate and temporarily reside, becomes the most fundamental facility for disaster prevention. Shelters in Korea, however, have responded poorly to designation, management and support. Among many problems of refugee life in shelters, this study aims to develop an evaluation method for improving sound environment as a factor influencing indoor environment of shelters. The existing studies on the comfort of shelters examined criteria and models for measuring indoor factors by difference in perceptions, but few studies have comprehensively evaluated the relationship between factors. From this perspective, this study attempts to develop a general evaluation and quantitative analytic model on residents' perceptions, focusing on sound environment as a determinant of indoor environment of shelters. It examined landscapes and soundscapes in study area, understood the relationship between sound and soundscapes by using Sugiyama's model of soundscape perception, and then tested the validity of the model. The findings of this study are thought to be used as basic data for the study of developing an evaluation model of indoor environment in shelters in the future.
  • 2.

    An Analysis on the Impact of Policy Awareness and Needs on Trust in Disaster and Safety Management among Socially Underprivileged Class

    JuHo Lee | na jong-il | Kwon Seol A and 2other persons | 2019, 15(6) | pp.17~30 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between policy awareness and needs and policy trust in disaster and safety management, particularly the moderating effect of policy needs. The data were collected from NHRCK (2018) and restructured for this study. Policy awareness and needs for disaster and safety management were proven to have a significant direct effect on policy trust. According to a hierarchical regression analysis with interaction terms between policy awareness and policy needs, however, the moderating effect of policy needs was not found with a low explanatory power. The results of this study indicate that policy needs are different from policy awareness and can be treated as a predictor variable of policy trust. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure that policy needs should be reflected in actual policies to secure policy trust.
  • 3.

    Policy Recommendations on Support Measures for Liquefaction - Comparison between Korea and Japan -

    Myoung Jin Lee | Woo Jung Choi | Su Ran Kim and 1other persons | 2019, 15(6) | pp.31~44 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    An earthquake of magnitude 5.4 occurred on November 15, 2017 in Pohang, Gyeongbuk Province, which caused the liquefaction for the first time in Korea. In Korea, while there is no policy measure to deal with the liquefaction phenomenon, the insurance and compensation system for flood damage is well designed. This study analyzed the policy support measures for liquefaction by the Japan Cabinet Office, including the method of calculating compensation amount, application cases, and compensation policies of the local governments in Japan, and compared with the insurance and compensation system for flood damage in Korea. This study provides basic data to develop policies to respond to liquefaction in Korea, based on the comparison of disaster support systems in Korea and Japan.
  • 4.

    Building a Causal Loop of Disaster Management Process for Fine Dust Considering a Dynamic Life Cycle

    Myung Gi Hong | Ban, Yong-un | Choi, Nam-hee | 2019, 15(6) | pp.45~58 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study used system dynamics to build a dynamic life-cycle causal loop diagram for fine dust, one of social disasters recently discussed in Korea in order to propose an integrated disaster management framework for fine dust disaster with a sustainable urban metabolism paradigm. To reach this goal, this study reviewed the previous research related to fine dust and disaster management comprehensively. As a result, this study extracted the major factors of fine dust disaster, checked a mutual causal relationship, and then built a causal loop diagram using variables in each factor according to a sustainable urban metabolism paradigm composed of economic, social and environmental characteristics and a new disaster management framework. The proposed disaster management framework has clearer classification criteria than the existing framework and reflects the time-dynamic characteristics of disasters and sustainability, making it easier to predict and monitor fine dust disaster in advance and enabling policy makers and practitioners to prepare action plans and implement them in an appropriate and prompt manner.
  • 5.

    Improving Social Safety Nets for the Elderly Living Alone in Rural Areas Using Post Officers

    Jeong Woo Nam | Lee, Jae Eun | 2019, 15(6) | pp.59~77 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to empirically examine the role of post officers in social safety nets for the elderly living alone in rural areas, namely risk recognition by type. It assesses how the social support of post officers affects the extent to which the elderly perceived to be at risk, such as perceptions on loneliness, suicide, depression, physical injury, crime, and disaster. It is found that emotional support has a positive effect, reducing the level of risk perception among the elderly people. Material and affectionate supports, however, have a negative effect on the elderly people due to the reduction of their self-esteem. Also, the social support of post officers is found higher in rural areas than in urban areas, among male adults than female, among those with higher education, and with more door-to-door visits.
  • 6.

    An Experimental Study on the Fire Behavior Characteristics of Pinus koraiensis Litter by Slope Conditions

    Lee Ye-eun | LI QIWEN | Kim Sung Yong and 2other persons | 2019, 15(6) | pp.79~88 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In this study, a laboratory burning experiment was conducted to experimentally examine the combustion characteristics of Pinus koraiensis litter with different slopes. Using several slope conditions, we observed how forest fire behavior changed after igniting the upper and lower sections of fuel bed. The results showed that the rate of fire spread on uphill slopes increased with slope gradient, but that on downhill decreased. The measures of fire intensities on uphill ranged from 21 to 37kW and those on downhill are 21 to 29kW, indicating that fire intensities on uphill slopes were larger than on downhill. As the slope increased, the flame length increased but the flame tilt angle decreased. This meant that the flame can accelerate heat transfer to unburned fuels and increase fire spread rate. The results of this study can be used as basic data to accurately predict fire behavior under different slope conditions.
  • 7.

    A Transdisciplinary Approach of Crisisonomy for Implementing SDGs in Global Society - Using the Core System Model and Disaster Resilience Concept -

    Lee, Jae Eun | Kwon Seol A | Yim Dong-Kyun and 9other persons | 2019, 15(6) | pp.89~104 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to suggest a framework to implement SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) by utilizing the transdisciplinary “crisisonomy” approach with the core system model and the concept of disaster resilience. The transdisciplinary “crisisonomy” consists of social activities which find and apply the solutions to social problems, science and technology innovation activities, and technology knowledge to solve problems. The core system model needs to be prepared through a transdisciplinary approach as follows. First, we must set a common goal as the value that society members agree on. Second, we need to provide implementing organizations with laws and guidelines to achieve the values expressed in vision, strategy and action plan. Third, leadership has to ensure that the efforts to implement the SDGs should be effective. Fourth, the successful implementation of the SDGs requires the devotion of ordinary citizens, practitioners, experts and leaders. Finally, we need the expertise in creating new knowledge for SDGs as well as the expertise in the cooperation of citizens and experts.