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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.79
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2019, Vol.15, No.9

  • 1.

    An Education System for Collaborative Governance in Disaster Management - A Comparative Study of South Korea, the U.S. and Japan -

    Youngmi Yoo | Kim, Eunhee | Leegyochang and 2other persons | 2019, 15(9) | pp.1~15 | number of Cited : 0
    With the frequent occurrence of large-scale disasters, the importance of collaborative governance through mutual cooperation among government, private sector, and civil society in disaster management has been gradually increased. In South Korea, disaster management tasks mostly belong to the public sector, without sufficient collaboration with private sector and civil society. Therefore, it is critical to enhance disaster management capacity by raising disaster knowledge of participants. This study intends to draw implications by comparing disaster education systems in Korea with other developed countries such as the U.S. and Japan. The results of the study are as follows. First, related laws should be reorganized to ensure legal stability and justifiability. Second, it is necessary to check and improve the disaster management infrastructure including community-level action. Third, based on the improvement of disaster awareness, disaster education system should be strengthened within a cooperative governance framework. As a result, disaster prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery activities would become effective through the establishment of an education system that strengthens communication, improves knowledge and clarify the roles of all stakeholders.
  • 2.

    Research Trend on Adult Suicide in South Korea

    Mi Kyoung Kwon | Ji Sun Kim | nam sangin | 2019, 15(9) | pp.17~37 | number of Cited : 1
    This study aimed to investigate the trend of research on suicide among adults in Korea and future directions for research on this topic. Using Research Information Sharing Service (RISS), Korea Citation Index (KCI), Korean studies Information Service System (KISS), and National Assembly Library, 79 studies related to suicide among adults were identified. Years published ranged from 2004 to 2018. Following is the results of the study. Following is the results of the study. Research on suicide among adults started from 2004 and the number of publications was the largest in 2016, but since then it has gradually decreased. The most frequent research question in those studies was about the variables related to suicide among adults. The most frequent academic field in which studies were published was psychological counseling. The research subjects were mostly general public samples rather than individuals at risk or individuals whose occupations are reported to have higher suicide rates. In addition, only 20 of the 79 studies belonging to the typology of the course of suicide. The most frequent methodology utilized was quantitative research design with structured surveys. Based on the results of this study, implications for future research were suggested.
  • 3.

    A System Dynamics Analysis of Urban Heat Waves

    Yu Mi Kim | Ban, Yong-un | CHOI HYERIM and 1other persons | 2019, 15(9) | pp.39~48 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we analyzed the potential determinants of urban heat waves in Korea and their dynamic relationship using a system dynamics analysis approach. We developed an integrated causal loop diagram and identified the direct and indirect factors influencing urban heat waves. The followings are the main findings of this study. First, the rise of temperature in Korea is not simply due to the increase of impervious areas affected by urbanization but should be seriously recognized as a critical issue of heat waves which may lead to the annihilation of the areas. Second, for more accurate prediction of the temperature increase and development of effective policy responses, we need a new approach that focuses on a non-linear and dynamic relationship between urban heat wave process and urban safety. Third, it is critical to explore policy measures for maintaining socioeconomic conditions and improving the level of urban safety based on the multi-dimensional examination of causal relationships across various determinants for urban heat waves in South Korea.
  • 4.

    An Comparative Analysis of Regulations for Certification, Notification and Reporting on Chemicals - Focused on the Contents of Submitted Documents -

    Ha Eun Go | Lee Seulgi | Su Bin An and 2other persons | 2019, 15(9) | pp.49~60 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this research is to suggest guidelines for improved chemical management by comparing various regulations on the submission of detailed information on chemical products in Korea, such as certification, notification and reporting on chemical management, along with the recent trends in EU. Various laws and regulations in Korea require the submission of information on chemical materials and products, but there is doubt that such vast information have been adequately utilized or verified. According to the recent revision of CLP regulation in EU, importers and downstream users should assign a unique identifier to mixtures in order to be used as a medium to link chemicals with its information regarding harmful and dangerous substances. In Korea, it is necessary to consider a method that enables linking the substance with its corresponding information quickly by using a unique identifier such as UFI. In addition, there is a need of establishing a system that makes it easy to find and track information in the event of an accident.
  • 5.

    Structural Relationship among Social Capital, Knowledge Sharing, and Service Performance in the Fire Administration

    Sungsoo Ahn | Seogyong Kim | 2019, 15(9) | pp.61~77 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of social capital on knowledge sharing and the effect of knowledge sharing on the service performance of fire service administration. The structural relationship among those variables were analyzed based on the data collected from fire service officers in Gyeongnam province in South Korea. This study categorized social capital into three dimensions: structural, cognitive and relational. The results of this study are as follows. Both structural social capital and cognitive social capital have a statistically significant effect on information sharing, while the effect of relational social capital is not significant. This finding implies that, the higher level of understanding of common goal, vision sharing and organizational sharing culture among members, the more information sharing among members is promoted. However, relational social capital does not increase information sharing among members. It is also confirmed that fire service performance can be improved when information sharing is maximized by facilitating structural social capital. Further studies should address temporal patterns of their service performance and different effects by different organizational culture.
  • 6.

    Employment Suggestions for Executives in Special Warfare Units Based on Job Competency

    Heui Jong Yun | Hyo Son Park | 2019, 15(9) | pp.79~94 | number of Cited : 1
    This research aims to analyze the job competency of executives in special warfare units and then suggest the appropriate job categories for them based on their specific capabilities. The results of this study are as follows. First, it is found that the highest level of their job competency was physical possessive ability, followed by behavior coordination ability, spatial perception ability, and service orientation ability. Second, compared to the general incumbents, the executives in special warfare units had a relative strength in job competency on 21 items including logical analysis, creativity, behavioral coordination, monitoring, teaching, persuasion, and so on. Third, based on their job competency, a total of 822 job categories were suggested as suitable occupations for executives in special warfare units. However, the findings cannot be generalized to all veterans, and there is a need of further studies to expand the scope to comparative evaluation across the units performing special missions so that they can be used as guidance in developing a policy supporting job transfer.
  • 7.

    Increasing Urban Resiliency by Examining the Flood Mitigation Effect of LID Practices in Urban Regeneration Project Areas

    LeeJinhee | Hyun Woo Kim | 2019, 15(9) | pp.95~109 | number of Cited : 1
    Urban flooding occurs more frequently these days due to the increase of abnormal rainfall. A number of old city centers in South Korea have been participating in the urban regeneration project to improve their competitiveness, and low impact development (LID) practices have been used as one of the crucial measures to secure urban resilience and sustainability. By employing the LIDMOD3 simulation tool, this study examines and compares the runoff reduction effect of LID practices across different scenarios. Two existing urban regeneration project areas in Incheon were chosen as the study area, including ‘Bupyeong 11th Avenue’ in Bupyeong-gu and ‘Village of Empathy’ in Jung-gu. The results show that the annual runoff depth reduced by 39-64% and the infiltration depth increased by 252-423% in Bupyeong-gu, depending on each scenario. The runoff depth also diminished in Jung-gu by 41-69% and the infiltration depth escalated by 268-457%, varying by scenario. This study has significance by identifying the appropriate types and locations of various LID measures, in linkage with the actual regeneration projects. The findings of this study can provide a practical guideline for local governments in establishing long-term policy alternatives for flood mitigation using LID practices during the development of an urban revitalization plan.
  • 8.

    Influencing Factors of Nursing Student’s Attribution Disposition and Self-Compassion on Trait Anger

    Jun Won Hee | Ji-Yeong Seo | Jo, Myoung-Ju | 2019, 15(9) | pp.111~120 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study is a descriptive study that aims to identify the effects of attribution style and self-compassion on trait anger among nursing students. The data were collected from 146 nursing students attending two nursing colleges located in Metropolitan Cities B and D in September 2017, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. This study found that self-compassion had a negative effect on the subjects’ trait anger (β=-0.28, p=.002) while attribution disposition-powerful others had a significantly positive effect (β=0.19, p <.033). The F-statistic showed the model is good for the analysis (F=11.66, p <.001) although the explanatory power is low (  =0.151). The findings in this study could be used as basic references to develop a program that would help nursing students, who will become future nurses, reduce and control their level of anger efficiently.
  • 9.

    A Case Study on Management Execution Plan of Korean Companies in Response to Potential Crisis under Uncertain Business Environment - The Perspective of Organizational Culture Management -

    Koo, Jung-Mo | 2019, 15(9) | pp.121~136 | number of Cited : 0
    There is a widespread perception that companies with a strong and unique organizational culture have better business performance. Companies implement various measures to overcome the management crisis caused by numerous internal and external factors. Organizational culture is pivotal not only to enabling the growth and existence of a company, but also to securing a competitive edge. This study aims to explore the implications for effective management of organizational culture by analyzing the practices of four large leading Korean firms. This study uses surveys and in-depth interviews of managers responsible for organizational culture in the companies Through this study based on the cases of Korean companies, we confirm what methods of managing organizational culture companies should maintain to cope with potential crises under the recent global economic recession. This study confirms that some leading companies in Korea have established frameworks for organizational culture management to create and manage a predetermined culture, and that continuous use of these frameworks had a positive influence on management performance.