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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

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2019, Vol.15, No.10

  • 1.

    Determinants of Conflict in NIMBY Facility Siting - Focused on Interrelation among Public Propensity, Organization-Public Relationship and Behavioral Variables -

    Kyungil Joo | 2019, 15(10) | pp.1~27 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study microscopically evaluated the interrelation among behavioral variables pertaining to conflict in NIMBY facility siting, including the public propensity of residents, positive/negative relationship with the siting subject and desire for conflict resolution. It used the case of siting resource recovery facilities in Seoul and Gyunggi-do. The 3-step policy PR model was formed to connect individual theories on public propensity, organization-public relationship and public behavior. Also, PR policy measures were suggested to contribute to resolve siting conflicts by boosting the desire for conflict resolution of residents. In other words, the siting strategy should be based on the propensity of individual members and their relationships (e.g. kindly replying to residents’ questions and reinforcing monitoring after providing information) since the public lack knowledge on facilities but have a strong recognition of control dominance. Future studies should extend the relational factors by considering coexistence relationship and decency which are unique in the Korean context.
  • 2.

    Roles of Public Health Disaster Response Team within the National Disaster Response System in South Korea

    kim, Yea-Eun | Yeom, Seok-Ran | Yu Jeong Jeon | 2019, 15(10) | pp.29~41 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In South Korea, Public Health Disaster Response Team (PHDRT) has been organized by every Community Health Center since 2016. When a disaster or accident with heavy casualties is expected to occur, PHDRT is dispatched. This study shed light on the role of PHDRT within the Korean National Disaster Response System by analyzing the related law and regulations, their activities, and interviews with disaster medical professionals. PHDRT is the part of the national disaster management system in Korea, organized under the Framework Act on the Management of Disasters and Safety. As of 2018, there was a total of 468 teams and 2,557 members, mostly consisting of physicians, nurses and administrators. The roles of PHDRT in disaster medical response include early triage, medical resource planning, patient transportation, support of on-site emergency care, and media relations and communications. To facilitate the activities of PHDRT, their roles need to be well defined and supported by legal and institutional frameworks, along with individual and organizational efforts to strengthen capacity.
  • 3.

    A Case Study on the Heatwave Policy for Vulnerable Population due to Climate Change - Focused on the Elderly in Daegu City -

    Jang Young Geun | SiKyung Lee | 2019, 15(10) | pp.43~60 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The recent climate change has caused a variety of extreme weather events and threatened vulnerable populations in our society. This study focused on the heatwave policy for vulnerable population centered on the elderly living in Daegu city (65 years and older) to identify the practical problems and find improvement measures. The heatwave policy for vulnerable population mainly include the designation and operation of cooling centers, operation of disaster relief helpers, and intensive care of vulnerable populations. The results are as follows. First, cooling centers should be designated in consideration of high accessibility and openness, along with a clear statement of opening hours during nighttime and weekends. Second, the management system should be improved in order to solve the work overload of disaster relief helpers and promote the collaboration among them for a synergy effect Third, a preliminary demand survey would be needed for intensive care of vulnerable populations, and the budget should be efficiently used by ruling out unqualified beneficiaries.
  • 4.

    Roles of Urban Planning to Prevent Climate Change Disasters in Vietnam

    Byoungjae Lee | So Yoon Kim | 2019, 15(10) | pp.61~73 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Vietnam, one of the countries at the greatest risk of being damaged and affected by climate change, attempts to make an active response to climate change and sets sustainable development as a national vision. However, Vietnam lacks systematic support of technology for disaster prevention within urban planning framework, although the vulnerability of natural disasters has been increasing due to rapid urbanization along with economic growth. Korea’s experience in handling rapid urban growth would provide some insights to Vietnam on establishing measures to cope with climate change disasters. Thus, this paper analyzed the applicability of the Korean urban planning system for disaster prevention to Vietnam and derived some implications. Through the analysis of the characteristics of climate change disasters in Vietnam and the current status and limitations of the Vietnam’s urban planning and policies for the prevention of climate change disasters, policy, technical and economic measures and implications were provided for the introduction of disaster-preventive urban planning in Vietnam.
  • 5.

    Self-Management of Stress Using Virtual Reality Environment Configuration

    Koo Meehyang | 2019, 15(10) | pp.75~93 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to find out the usefulness of VREC (Virtual Reality Environment Configuration) as a self-help stress management technique. The subject of this study was a middle-aged woman who had the early symptoms of panic disorder due to stress. CoSpaces Maker and Edu were used as research tools to analyze a total of 34 VE (Virtual Environment) configured by the subject during 1 year and 8 months. The NVivo12 program was used for qualitative analysis of the data. An analysis of the VE components showed that the subject used an average of 11 minutes to configure VE and the basic background and the day time was selected most frequently. The most common symbol used by the subject to configure VE was a tree. Next, an analysis of storytelling revealed four themes such as ‘harsh life’, ‘waiting’, ‘journey for rest’, and ‘entanglement of memories and reality’ which emerged over time. Lastly, after VE configuration, the subject’s psychological state changed from ‘anxiety’ to ‘comfort’ and the frequency of using negative words decreased from 80% to 28%. The usefulness of VR-based psychotherapy to improve mental health was discussed.
  • 6.

    A Study of the Rainfall in Korea Using Outlier Detections

    Ho Geun Son | Jae Joon Lee | 2019, 15(10) | pp.95~108 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The outliers in annual maximum rainfall can play an important role in the frequency analysis that estimates the probability rainfall. To ensure reliability of the frequency analysis, this study detects the outliers and conducts a qualitative analysis to investigate the causes of rainfall based on selected outliers. The outliers in annual maximum 24-hr rainfalls at 57 stations in Korea were analyzed by four different methods, such as Grubbs and Beck method, IACWD method, modified z-score method and box-plot method. The causes of the selected rainfall events as high outliers were classified into changma, typhoon, severe rain storm and frontal rainfall. The comparison of the methods shows that less outliers were found with Grubbs and Beck method than the other methods. It is found that 51.0% of the outliers occurred due to typhoon, followed by severe rain storm (35.7%), frontal storm (7.2%) and changma (6.1%). Rainfall events as outliers were mostly caused by severe rain storm in inland regions while they were caused by typhoon in coastal regions. The probability rainfall calculated without outliers from the test was compared with that before the test.
  • 7.

    An Analysis of Drought Characteristics according to SPI (Standard Precipitation Index) Duration in Chungbuk Province

    Jung Koo Choi | Park, Ki Bum | Chang, In-Soo | 2019, 15(10) | pp.109~118 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study analyzed Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) at 6 stations near Chungbuk area for 1 to 12 months of duration, along with drought characteristics such as the degree of resiliency and vulnerability. There was no significant difference in the number of months with negative SPI according to the duration. However, SPI12 was associated with a large percentage of negative SPI, despite the small data size. SPI12 remained negative in Chungju, Jecheon, Yeongwol, and Cheongju branches over 12 months, which indicates a particular vulnerability to long-term drought. In particular, the 12-month average of SPI12 values was -1.0 or lower in Yeongwol and Cheongju, indicating that they were vulnerable to drought. The SPI12 for resiliency was below 0.1 in Jecheon, Yeongwol, and Cheongju, which confirms that it was the most vulnerable period in terms of returning to the normal state. The SPI12 for vulnerability was below –0.8 in Chupungyeong, Jecheon, Yeongwol and Cheongju and they were particularly vulnerable to 12 months of continuous drought. This study confirms that the Chungbuk region is vulnerable to 12 months of droughts and so needs to develop a response strategy based on drought characteristics.
  • 8.

    Spatial Analysis of the Relationship among Disaster Risk, Vulnerable Population and Response Capacity - The Case of Cheongju City -

    Minki Bae | Oh, Hoo | Kim, Bo Eun | 2019, 15(10) | pp.119~135 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Vulnerable population should be considered in the design of effective disaster and safety polices because they are relatively more exposed but less resilient to damage from disasters. This study examined the spatial relationship among disaster risk, vulnerable population and response capacity for the cases of heat wave and inundation. The results were as follows. First, it was confirmed that the distributional characteristics of vulnerable population and their sensitivity of disaster risks were different by region. Second, spatial inequality was observed for vulnerable populations who are more exposed to disaster risk. These results suggest that spatial data and planning should be used to design disaster and safety policy, focusing on the elimination of “blind spots”. This study was meaningful in that it focused on reducing vulnerability and improving resilience for vulnerable population. The findings of this study are expected to help determine policy priorities and contribute to providing a foundation for “disaster safety justice”.
  • 9.

    The Effect of Job Involvement on Job Stress, Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment among Firefighters in South Korea

    Don Jaegal | Uk Jaegal | CHO MIN SANG | 2019, 15(10) | pp.137~155 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    It is widely known that public officials with higher level of job involvement tend to have lower job stress but higher level of job satisfaction and organizational commitment., but it remains unknown that such relationships are held true for firefighters who work in rigid and unsafe work environments. This study aims to examine the effect of Job Involvement on job stress, job satisfaction and organizational commitment among firefighters working in Gyeongbuk region of South Korea. It first clarifies the definition of job stress, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and job involvement and then uses multivariate analyses to test the hypotheses using the sample data. The results of statistical analyses confirm a negative impact of job involvement on job stress as well as a positive effect of job involvement on job satisfaction and organizational commitment. The results of this study would provide policy implications for firefighting organizations in South Korea as well as the direction for future research.
  • 10.

    An Analysis of Media Reports on Key Issues of Mad Cow Disease in South Korea

    Se Hyeon Han | Hae Lim Eom | 2019, 15(10) | pp.157~172 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Since 2008, South Korea has seen controversy over the risk of mad cow disease (bovine spongiform encephalopathy [BSE]) and its potential to lead to variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) in humans. National news organizations have covered the topic differently according to their ideological positions. This study sought to quantify these differences focusing on the five key BSE-related issues covered by the media as follows: 1) possibility of confusion between vCJD and degenerative brain disease, 2) vCJD incidence in humans, 3) risk of vCJD infection from eating beef from cattle aged 30 months or older, 4) scope of specified risk, and 5) vulnerability of South Koreans to BSE infection. Based on the analysis of media reports on each issue, we found that the progressive media tended to emphasize the risks of BSE more than the conservative media who promoted views opposing those of the progressive media. National public broadcasting companies tended to take a neutral position. Despite the scientific findings on each issue mentioned above, the South Korean press has failed to provide them to the public unbiasedly. We identified the need to reduce politicization and promote scientific approach in media coverage of the issues of mad cow disease in South Korea.