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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

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2019, Vol.15, No.12

  • 1.

    Facility Standards and Layout Typology of Temporary Shelters in Response to Disasters - Focused on Size Standard and Block Layout of Public Facilities -

    Byungyun Lee | Dong Kyung Han | Su Bin Jang and 2other persons | 2019, 15(12) | pp.1~14 | number of Cited : 0
    Local-level disasters continue to occur, which requires for long-term temporary housing operations. However, most researches on temporary housing planning have concentrated on individual units and space planning in large indoor spaces. The purpose of this paper is to develop the installation criteria and layout typology for public facilities. Based on the domestic system of temporary housing management, the types of public facilities were established by comparing the guidelines by international organizations with domestic standards. This research developed seven models of community-block layout based on grid distribution, community road, and center squares, and applied them to a virtual site that can accommodate the block size of domestic school grounds and the size standard of international organizations. The characteristics of each model were compared by three criteria including convenience of installation and distribution, privacy and community building. Each facility type can be utilized as a complementary to each other, according to a long-term disaster response scenario.
  • 2.

    Promoting Public-Private Cooperation in Disaster Management - Focused on the Victim's Satisfaction with Public and Private Relief Services -

    CHOIYUNJUNG | Bo Reum Kim | PARK,BYUNG-HYUN | 2019, 15(12) | pp.15~32 | number of Cited : 0
    The degree of public-private cooperation in disaster relief services is still insufficient and improper in South Korea. This study measured the satisfaction level of disaster victims with public and private support using a logistic regression model. The results showed that older or married victims were relatively less likely to be satisfied with public support. As for the types of disaster they experienced, fire victims were more likely to be satisfied with public support than typhoon victims. Victims living in Chungcheong region were more likely to be satisfied with public support than those in Seoul metropolitan area. The higher the social support, participation and discontent, the more likely they were to be satisfied with public support. Regarding psychological characteristics of a disaster victim, the larger the damage they felt, the more likely they could be satisfied with public support. Based on these findings, practical policy measures were recommended to improve disaster response capabilities.
  • 3.

    Improvement of Disaster Management in South Korean Military

    Cheol Ho Yang | 2019, 15(12) | pp.33~46 | number of Cited : 0
    On April 4, 2019, a fire from a hill in Goseong-gun, Gangwon-do was spread to a large-scale forest fire in Sokcho city by strong winds. The fire killed one person, burned 401 houses and caused more than 4,000 victims. This case highlighted the importance of utilizing all available organizations, including the military, in order to effectively respond to a large-scale disaster. In the event of major disasters at national security level, the South Korean military provided support at the request of central or local government agencies by pre-assigning and operating troops as rescue and search units. It also established a close cooperation with local governments and related organizations by supporting 910,000 military personnel and 28,000 equipment during the recent five years. However, it is assessed that the South Korean military played a limited role in the event of a major disaster compared to its capabilities. Thus, this paper discussed legal and institutional problems and suggested measures on how the South Korean military could perform its capabilities in case of a major disaster, based on the lessons from the U.S. and Japanese military.
  • 4.

    Influence of Nurses’ Attitude toward Disaster Preparedness and Clinical Competence on Disaster Preparedness Competence

    Dong Hee Lim | Jo, Myoung-Ju | 2019, 15(12) | pp.47~58 | number of Cited : 1
    This study aims to identify the influence of attitude of nurses in a general hospital toward disaster preparedness and their clinical competence on disaster preparedness competence. Data were collected from 140 nurses working at a general hospital in B City from October 18 to 25, 2017. The frequency, percentage, average, and standard deviation were calculated and the t-test, ANOVA, Scheffѐ test, Pearson's correlation and stepwise multiple regression analyses were conducted using the SPSSWIN 23.0 program. Clinical competence showed a low level of correlation with disaster preparedness competence (r=.33, p<.001). The factors significantly influencing nurses’ disaster preparedness competence include disaster education (β=0.28, p <.001), clinical competence (β=0.20, p =.019) and head-level position (β=0.17, p =.036). The explanatory power of those variables, measured by R2, was 19.6%. The results of this study recommended developing a training program to improve nurses’ clinical competence in disaster situations and further research should focus on the effect of such training programs on the reinforcement of nurses' disaster preparedness competence.
  • 5.

    An Exploratory Study on the Determinants of Types of Disaster Management Manuals

    KIMSUDONG | CHOI, SANG-OK | 2019, 15(12) | pp.59~76 | number of Cited : 0
    This study discussed the effect of the action lists and the level of collaboration on the determination of disaster type in the on-site action manual for disaster management. In this study, a factor analysis was performed on the data from 113 on-site action manuals to derive a group of action lists composed of common factors. Based on the results of the factor analysis, multinomial and binomial logistic regression analyses were performed. The main results are as follows: (1) The multinomial logistic regression analysis showed that, compared to natural disasters, the number of collaborative agencies, medical and health services, and general recovery activities affected the determination of the type of social disasters. (2) Compared to natural disasters, the number of collaborative agencies and general recovery activities were found to affect the determination of major situations. (3) When major situations were included into social disasters, the results of the binomial logistic regression analysis on the type of social disaster were similar to those of the multinomial logistic regression analysis. This study is valuable in that it shows the determinants of types of disaster management manuals through empirical analysis.
  • 6.

    A Phenomenological Study on the Experiences of the Elderly Abused by Their Children

    Mi Kyoung Kwon | nam sangin | Mi Sun Joung and 1other persons | 2019, 15(12) | pp.77~95 | number of Cited : 1
    The purpose of this study is to understand the essence and meaning of the experiences of the elderly abused by their adult children. This is a phenomenological study based on in-depth interviews conducted with six elderly people who had experience in being abused by their adult children. The research questions include: (a) what are the experiences of the elderly abused by their adult children? and (b) what is the essence of their experiences? This study derived 11 components and 5 essential themes such as “hollow gesture toward child”, “a stitch in time saves nine”, “parent’s heart toward child, anyway”, “bridle not be able to be free from, child”, and “hope like a scrap of thread”. The results of this study provoked social attention and provided practical suggestions for the abused elderly based on the knowledge of their experiences, along with the implication for future research.
  • 7.

    An Analysis of Direct Inflow at Agricultural Reservoir During Flood Season

    Ki Won Lee | Hyunsuk Lee | Hyung-Jin Shin and 1other persons | 2019, 15(12) | pp.97~107 | number of Cited : 0
    In this study, runoff was investigated in Beodeul agricultural reservoir during flood season. The precipitation and evaporation data collected from Yanggam weather station were utilized, while the inflow was estimated based on discharge and area ratio of the two investigatable streams in the reservoir basin. The two streams, whose catchment area was 71% of total basin, were categorized into stream-① and stream-② according to inflow direction. Surface velocity was measured by a non-contact radar current meter. The surface velocity of the stream-① was corrected by 0.65 as an average velocity conversion coefficient obtained by the three-point velocity method, whereas the surface velocity of the stream-② was corrected by 0.325 as a correction factor. The rate of direct runoff to the reservoir was estimated at 18.5% of the rainfall in the catchment areas of the two streams, and the inflow ratio through the two streams was 22.6%. Despite many assumptions behind these estimates, the inflow rate considering the area ratio was found overestimated by 22.5%. One of the main reasons of the difference between inflow and direct runoff was found to be a low reliability of the 'surface velocity correction factor'.
  • 8.

    An Exploratory Analysis on the Acceptance Model of Intelligent Information Technology - Application of Expectation and Innovation Theories -

    JUNG WOOK MOON | Kim SeoYong | Ryu Yeon Jae | 2019, 15(12) | pp.109~128 | number of Cited : 0
    This study aims to analyze the acceptance of intelligent information technology. The results of the analysis are as follows: First, innovation acceptance rather than innovation resistance had a decisive impact on individual intention or social support for the use of intelligent information technology. Second, innovation resistance played an indirect role of influencing the use and support for the new intelligent information technology through innovation acceptance, which is connected to resistance through negative expectation. Third, personal job threat and economic losses as well as social structural change had a positive impact on positive expectation about technology change, whereas personal task benefits had a negative effect on it. Fourth, innovation acceptance was positively influenced by personal job threat and economic losses, social job risks, personally-perceived usefulness, improved social life, and trust, whereas innovation resistance was affected by personal economic losses, personally-perceived acceptance and knowledge.
  • 9.

    Information Construction for Predicting Accident Risks in Vulnerable Facilities in Prevention of Chemical Terrorism and Accidents

    Hee Jang | Chang-Bock Chung | Ga Young Jung and 2other persons | 2019, 15(12) | pp.129~139 | number of Cited : 0
    Despite changes in public perception and continuous revision of laws related to chemical accidents, chemical accidents are continually occurring and the damage scale is not decreasing. In order to effectively cope with chemical accidents, it is required to strengthen the response system for chemical accidents, which quickly obtains information on chemical processes and responds accordingly. The purpose of this study is to develop safety information cards which describe the chemical processes of major hazardous chemicals. A total of nine substances were selected based on the accident history in South Korea. In addition, the accident risk factors and related information for 51 chemical processes and facilities were determined. By reconstructing and summarizing the results, we then produced the “chemical accident response card” for each chemical process containing key process information, preventive measures, and response methods. These cards can serve as useful materials for business sites dealing with hazardous materials and emergency agency staff.
  • 10.

    A Concept Analysis of Nursing Students’ Grit Using Hybrid Model

    Lee jiyeon | 2019, 15(12) | pp.141~153 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study was to define and develop the concept of ‘grit in nursing students’ using a hybrid model. Nine nursing students attending in a university were participated in interview. The concept of nursing students’ grit was found to be a complex phenomenon that have meanings in three dimensions: cognitive, emotional, and behavioral. Nursing students’ grit was defined as ‘the process of taking pride in a profession that deals with a person’s life (cognitive dimension), maintaining passion (emotional dimension), and continuing to strive for academic and other activities (behavioral dimension)’. Four attributes and thirteen indicators have been identified in this study. It is found that improving the grit of nursing students will facilitate the advance to a professional level. Grit will help college nursing students overcome difficulties when they become a new nurse after graduation. The results of this study could provide useful materials for preparing college nursing students to reduce academic stress, enhance psychological well-being, and perform professional roles.
  • 11.

    The Effects of Disaster Damage on Social Discontent - Validating the throttling Effect of National Service Support -

    Min Soo Kim | LEEYONGHO | Byeong Gyu Bae | 2019, 15(12) | pp.155~168 | number of Cited : 0
    The Effects of DisaThe purpose of this study is to identify the effects of disaster damage on social discontent and to verify the adjustment effect of national service support on it for the purpose of developing strategies for alleviating social discontent of disaster victims. The 2017 panel for tracking changes in the lives of disaster victims established by the National Institute of Disaster and Safety in Korea were utilized for this study, and the data from a total of 1,452 individuals were analyzed using SPSS 22.0. The main results are as follows. First, among all types of disaster damages, economic damage was found to have a significant positive effect on social discontent. Second, psychological damage was also positively associated with social discontent. Third, national service support was shown to have a significant positive adjustment effect only on the relationship between psychological damage and social discontent. The results of this study mean that the national service support in Korea has not been efficiently performed in a way to reduce psychological damage and social dissatisfaction of disaster victims. Therefore, it is necessary to identify the detailed characteristics of each victim of psychological damage in order to provide a more systematic and efficient national service support.ster Damage on Social Discontent - Validating the throttling Effect of National Service Support -
  • 12.

    Evaluating Applicability of Water Balance Analysis System Considering Supply Network of Agricultural Water

    Maeng, Seung-jin | Ju Ha Hwang | Sang Woo Kim and 2other persons | 2019, 15(12) | pp.169~182 | number of Cited : 0
    Agricultural water accounts for more than 60 percent of water resources in South Korea. The efficient management of agricultural water requires a system that analyzes the data to improve water efficiency, including water supply and demand throughout the watershed, water supply capacity of each facility in the watershed, water shortage in the watershed, and the possibility of developing additional water supplies. WBSIr, developed in this study, is optimized by applying a multi-purpose genetic algorithm in estimating parameters of the spill model, and the TANK model can be applied to each watershed if actual runoff is measured. Based on the WBSIr analysis of water balance considering an irrigation water supply network in the basin, it is possible to allocate water to each watershed more efficiently than the previous method. In comparison to the conventional water balance method, the water balance analysis considering the irrigation water supply network was found more reliable in the assessment of water supply.