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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.79
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2020, Vol.16, No.1

  • 1.

    A Qualitative Case Study on the Post-traumatic Growth Experiences of One Victim of Sexual Violence

    Kim Yo Wan | 2020, 16(1) | pp.1~19 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study is a qualitative case study that conducted an in-depth-interview with a sexual violence victim to find out what the participant experienced during the process of post-traumatic growth. The research questions include: what did the participant experience after sexual violence and what did she experience during the process of overcoming the trauma. The participant was a woman in mid-40s who experienced sexual violence by a relative when young. The transcribed data of the in-depth interview were analyzed using a qualitative case-study method, derving 56 concepts, 38 subcategories, and 18 categories. The results are as follows. First, the participant experienced post-traumatic stress symptoms such as invasive memory, negative emotion, and defense mechanism. Second, the participant experienced multiple factors of post-traumatic growth during the process of overcoming the post-traumatic stress of sexual violence, including growth through self-disclosure, sympathy and comfort from others, facing and acceptance of trauma, self and family perception, self-disclosure to family, acceptance by and emotional exchange with family, acceptance of others and trust restoration, struggle for growth, self-confidence and affection, acceptance of life, and so on.
  • 2.

    The Expansion Factors of Citizen Participation in Regional Public Corporations

    Roh, Sungmin | Young Woon Kim | Young Ho Eom | 2020, 16(1) | pp.21~35 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The research question for this study was to explore why the residents’ participation in resolving various problems and addressing crisis situations in local community has been limited, despite their critical roles. Focusing on regional public corporations which take a key role in community development and welfare, we analyze the impact of various influential factors on the degree of citizen participation and then suggest policy solutions to enhance citizen participation in the corporations. The survey data from local residents were analyzed by multiple regression analyses. The results of our analysis suggest that the level of citizen participation increases when regional public corporations make efforts to build intensive cooperative partnership with residents by providing them with a checking and monitoring role and motivating the public and citizen participation system.
  • 3.

    Development and Effects of a Depression Management Program Based on Reminiscence Therapy for the Elderly Living Alone - Individual Home Visit Programs -

    Bae Jeong Yee | Su Mi Kang | Eun Ha Kim and 2other persons | 2020, 16(1) | pp.37~50 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to develop and apply a program to manage the depression of elderly people who live alone, which is now considered as a national and social crisis in South Korea. This study uses a similar experimental and retrospective before-and-after design with non-equivalent controls for a depression management program for the elderly who live alone. The experimental group who participated in the depression management program showed higher self-esteem and lower depression and suicide tendency scores than the control group who did not participate in the program. The depression management program was found to be an effective intervention that improves self-esteem and reduces depression and suicidal inclination among the elderly living alone. Since the effect was measured immediately after the experimental treatment, it is suggested that a long-term follow-up study should be conducted to verify the persistence of the effect through repeated measurements.
  • 4.

    Estimation of Crime Vulnerable Group’s Influence on Crime Types by Multiple Regression Analysis

    Oh, Hoo | Won, Jeong-Hun | Park Ki Yong | 2020, 16(1) | pp.51~66 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper identified crime vulnerable groups by crime type through performing a multiple regression analysis. Based on the review of prior studies, seven crime vulnerable groups (independent variable) were classified such as the elderly, children and youth, foreigners, female, basic livelihood security recipients, one-person households and multicultural families. Crime types (dependent variable) include heinous crime, theft crime, violent crime, intelligent crime, crime against the customs, other criminal crimes, and special crimes. The results of statistical analyses were as follows: First, crime vulnerable groups differed by crime types. Second, the elderly and children/youth showed a negative coefficient in all crime types. Third, foreigners were positively related with special crimes, while female was vulnerable to theft and violent crime. Multicultural families were vulnerable to heinous crime, while the basic livelihood security recipients were related to violent crime, intelligent crime, crime against the customs and other criminal crimes. The results of this study are expected to contribute to eliminating unnecessary fear of crime and developing customized measures based on the vulnerable characteristics of each crime type.
  • 5.

    The Effects of Job Stress and Subjective Health Status on Satisfaction on Workplace Environment

    Sang Gyoon Kim | JEON, YONG-IL | 2020, 16(1) | pp.67~81 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    We identified interactions between job stress and subjective health status of Korean workers and their satisfaction level on work environment by analyzing the data for a total of 50,205 employees aged 15 or older collected from the 5th Korean Working Conditions Survey. The main results of the study were as follows: Firstly, the patterns of interaction among work environment satisfaction, job stress and health status depended on occupation and gender. Secondly, work environment satisfaction among Korean workers was heavily affected by the levels of job stress and subjective health status. Stress from relationship with coworkers, specifically personal disrespect and excessive fatigue, mainly affected their satisfaction on workplace environment. Therefore, the proper actions to enhance personal respects and reduce fatigue at workplace should be seriously considered and implemented, along with active health promotion and disease prevention activities.
  • 6.

    Countermeasures to Aging Society through Daily Sports Activities - Utilizing the Individual Budget System -

    JUNG HEE YOUNG | 2020, 16(1) | pp.83~92 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In order to cope with the crisis of aging society, this study examined the current status of daily sports activities and satisfaction levels among middle- and old-aged people between 50 and 64 years old in South Korea. A total of 357 structured questionnaires were distributed and 299 (84%) were fully completed and used for analysis. As a result of the analysis, statistically significant differences were found by the type of sports activity centers with respect to the number of sports activities, goals, service satisfaction, and willingness to use the individual budget system. The users of membership sports centers reported the highest level of satisfaction. Considering that all tax-based public services should aim to improve public welfare, the universal provision of daily sports services should be regarded as a part of social security policies to address various problems in aging society.
  • 7.

    Effects of Movie-based Awareness Improvement Program on Attitudes toward Mental Illness among University Nursing Students

    Bae Jeong Yee | Minyeong Kwak | Eun Ha Kim and 2other persons | 2020, 16(1) | pp.93~103 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to develop and apply a movie-based program to university nursing students to improve their negative awareness of mentally ill persons. The study used a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design with a nonequivalent control group. The program decreased the scores of authoritarianism and social restrictiveness toward mentally ill persons and increased the scores of benevolence and community mental health ideology among the experimental group than the control group who did not participate in the program. The movie-based mental illness awareness improvement program was found to be an effective intervention in improving the attitude of university nursing students toward mentally ill persons. Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to expand the application of this program to various groups to promote national awareness. In addition, it is suggested that long-term follow-up studies should be conducted to consider individual personality differences and verify the persistence of the effects through repeated measurements.
  • 8.

    Efficient Disaster Response Using Reserve Forces - Focusing on the US National Guard -

    Sung Ho Choi | 2020, 16(1) | pp.105~120 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The current society has experienced constantly small and large disasters including natural disasters (e.g. extreme weather) and industrial disasters due to industrial development. Moreover, the disasters are getting bigger and more serious and the social damage and recovery costs are increasing astronomically. Despite the increase of the occurrence and magnitude of various disasters, the ability of firefighting agencies and local governments to respond to disasters is still limited. Since the limited disaster response could cause enormous social damages, rapid and effective responses to cope with disaster and recover damages should be undertaken at the early stage of disaster cycle. However, mobilizing personnel to respond to disasters in a short period of time is a real challenge, and thus it would be an effective way to respond to a growing number of disasters using a reserve army which can be quickly mobilized.
  • 9.

    Evaluating the Heinrich Ratio of between Direct and Indirect Costs of Industrial Accidents in South Korea

    JEON, YONG-IL | Dong Ha Kim | BAEK, HEECHONG | 2020, 16(1) | pp.121~132 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In this study, we identified the costs, both tangible and intangible, that are incurred by workplace accidents in order to estimate the total financial losses. We then verified the Heinrich ratio that was originally derived in the U.S. almost 90 years ago. The Heinrich ratio indicates that the indirect costs of a workplace accident are typically 4 times higher than the direct costs (1:4). Our literature review produces the general estimation model which includes the detailed and comprehensive items on direct and indirect loss from workplace accidents. The latest five-year data on workplace accidents in South Korea were used for various sectors including manufacturing, construction and service industries. The data on both fatal and moderate accidents were collected to calculate the direct and indirect costs of workplace accidents in order to verify the validity of the Heinrich ratio of between direct and indirect costs of industrial accidents in South Korea. The ratio was found as 1:6.2 for fatal accidents and 1:7.2 for moderate accidents, which are higher than the ratio of 1:4, originally suggested by Heinrich. The findings of this study could be actively utilized in the company’s safety management and government policies.
  • 10.

    Young Soldiers’ Perceptions and Needs on Employment Support Program

    Hyo Son Park | Hwang, Young Ah | 2020, 16(1) | pp.133~151 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to derive implications for the employment support program for young soldiers through the survey on the perceptions and needs of young soldiers on Activate Youth Recruitment and Start-up Business (SOS project) by the Korean Ministry of Defense as a part of the government’s job creation policy. For this purpose, it investigated the level of recognition of the importance of the current employment support program, along with their satisfaction levels, using the IPA (Importance-Performance Analysis). The result was as follows: First, the perception level was relatively high in certification acquisition, credit recognition system, self-development support, and online education support. Second, the scores of importance perception and satisfaction were measured as 3.69 and 3.13, respectively. Third, the IPA results suggested that it was necessary to maintain the current status of self-development support, certification acquisition and credit recognition, and the reform and expansion of the soldier’s savings due to high scores for both importance and satisfaction, while they differ by group for other programs.
  • 11.

    A Study on the Establishment of Intelligent National Crisis Management System in the Intelligent Information Society

    Choi, Wonsang | Shin, Jin | 2020, 16(1) | pp.153~173 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Within the fourth industrial revolution, the South Korean government has employed various policies to establish an intelligent information society and intelligent government by securing super-intelligence based on hyper-connections. National crisis management needs to respond to environmental changes and become more intelligent using ICTs. The purpose of this study is to explore policy measures for securing intelligence for national crisis management in accordance with the development of an intelligent information society. To this end, we examined the need for AI (Artificial Intelligence)-based national crisis management and developed ways to establish AI-based crisis management system based on the review of AI policies in other major countries. The findings suggest, first setting up the IT-based system of crisis management, building and operating infrastructure among the IT-based agencies within the same platforms, and training professional manpower and restructuring organization for the operation of these platforms.
  • 12.

    The Development of a Disaster Situation Analysis System Based on National Disaster Statistics and Damage Information - A Case of Heavy Rains and Typhoons in South Korea -

    Kim, Jongkwang | Park, Inchan | Yang Dongmin | 2020, 16(1) | pp.175~183 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The conventional disaster response in South Korea was mainly based on experiences and subjective judgement of on-site responders. However, a growing number of new types of disasters requires a systematic disaster response and management. In order to reduce the uncertainty of a physical modeling in damage prediction, the use of disaster statistics including the past damage data becomes more critical. Therefore, in this study, we developed a Disaster Situation Analysis System (DSAS) based on national disaster statistics on heavy rains and typhoons which frequently caused damages across South Korea. The main function of the system is to search the past history of disaster damage in the disaster areas and relevant data and statistics relating to similar cases. This system is currently being used for disaster response tasks of the Central Headquarters of Safety and Countermeasures Against Disasters in South Korea. In order to better cope with future disasters at the national level, the system used for heavy rains and typhoons should be expanded to include all types of natural disasters such as heavy snow and strong winds.