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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.79
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2020, Vol.16, No.2

  • 1.

    Why Engage in Public Service Co-production for Conflict Prevention? - A Case of Seoul -

    Choi, Seok Hyeon | 2020, 16(2) | pp.1~20 | number of Cited : 1
    This research aims to explore the mechanism of citizen participation for co-production as an innovative provision of public services. Recently, co-production in public service provision has drawn attention from researchers and policymakers around the world as it may prevent social conflict in the local society. Unlike the previous studies that focused on adopting the co-production model to the public service provision, this research focuses on the question of why citizens participate in co-production of public services. This research develops the theoretical and analytical models to deal with the question based on attitude theory and social capital theory. The model explains that citizens' motivations of participating in the provision of co-production are associated with citizens' identity for the region where they live or mediated by their trust and hospitality for the community. This research also discusses the academic relevance of the findings and policy suggestions for policymakers.
  • 2.

    Real-life Experience of the Elderly Vulnerable to Suicide

    HEO NAM JAE | Yeon Ok Lim | 2020, 16(2) | pp.21~38 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study attempted to understand the real-life experience of the elderly who are vulnerable to suicide. Interviews were conducted with 10 elderly at risk of suicide and the data were analyzed by grounded theory method. Their life experiences were classified into 56 concepts, 16 subcategories and 6 categories and a paradigm model was proposed by axial coding. The paradigm model illustrated that “cumulative hardship” (causal condition) and “inescapable hopelessness” (contextual condition) are connected to “starving to death” (central phenomenon), along with “life strings” (intervening condition), “holding out” (action/interaction strategy), and “hope for a good death” (internal consequence). These results allowed us to understand the elderly suicide phenomenon through the cumulative disadvantage theory of aging and the theory of hopelessness depression. Moreover, we found that it is necessary to create a social network in the community and provide the programs which stimulate the meaning of life and develop an optimistic view on life for the elderly vulnerable to suicide.
  • 3.

    A Risk Analysis for Seven Consumer Products Excluded in the Product Safety Certification System in South Korea

    Seung Hyeon Shin | Won, Jeong-Hun | Tae-Sang Kim | 2020, 16(2) | pp.39~55 | number of Cited : 0
    This study analyzed the risk level of non-managed products excluded from the Product Safety Certification System (PSCS) in South Korea and suggested the need of those products to be managed by PSCS. It focused on seven products including lawn trimmer, sickle, saw (saw blade), luggage carrier, snow chain, exercising ball, and alpine stick, which were found hazardous by the 1st Multi-ministries Product Safety Policy Council in 2017. The risk and need of safety management for each product were analyzed using domestic and foreign standards, accident case analysis, and Delphi technique. We then modified the analysis results based on the opinions of stakeholders such as external experts, consumers and manufacturers and suggested which products should be included in PSCS. The results showed that an exercising ball and an alpine stick should be included in PSCS to manage the potential risks. Concerning an appropriate level of safety management for those products, an exercising ball should be managed by safety verification system while an alpine stick by supplier guarantee system. Besides, further study is needed for a luggage carrier regarding its need of safety management and testing items from a long-term perspective.
  • 4.

    Influencing Factors on Job Stress of Adult Workers in Continuous Smoking Cessation

    Park mi kyung | Byun Hye Sun | 2020, 16(2) | pp.57~74 | number of Cited : 0
    The aim at this study was to analyze the influencing factors on the job stress of adult workers in continuous smoking cessation. The participants of this study were 98 adult workers who took part in the smoking cessation program for 6 months and have ceased smoking successfully for more than a year. It is shown that job stress has a positive correlation with depression and nicotine dependence, but a negative correlation with smoking cessation self-efficacy. The significant factors influencing job stress include depression, type of occupation, nicotine dependence, smoking cessation self-efficacy, all of which explained 47.0% of the variance in job stress. Depression was one of the most significant factors for job stress among adult workers who succeeded for more than a year of continuous smoking cessation. The results demonstrate the need of developing smoking cessation intervention programs to reduce job stress in a way to reduce depression first and then periodically assess and manage the level of depression, nicotine dependence and smoking cessation self-efficacy.
  • 5.

    The Impact of the Government’s Legal System on Awareness of Disaster Safety Management

    Hong Woo La | Lee, Jang-hee | 2020, 16(2) | pp.75~89 | number of Cited : 0
    This study aims to promote the awareness of disaster safety management by examining the impact of the government’s legal system on disaster safety management. It is found that a strong reinforcement of the government’s disaster safety management system would enhance disaster response system as well as the awareness level of disaster safety management. It suggested that both central and local governments in South Korea should systematically strengthen the “Framework Act on Disaster and Safety Management”, and the “Earthquake and Volcanic Disaster Prevention Act” and prepare for disasters by securing a budget for disaster management by category. It is critical to recognize that the nation has a responsibility to ensure disaster safety and must play an important role in emergency safety management. In addition, it is very important for central and local governments to make each and every effort to prepare for disaster and minimize damage and losses in the event of a disaster.
  • 6.

    Disaster Perception, Preparedness, Management and Nursing Competency - Comparison between Korean and Japanese Hospital Nurses -

    Han Suk Jung | Ji Hye Lee | 2020, 16(2) | pp.91~108 | number of Cited : 1
    The purposes of this study are to identify differences in subjective disaster perception, preparedness, management and disaster nursing competency between Korean and Japanese hospital nurses and to identify the factors affecting disaster nursing competency. The study subjects were 197 hospital nurses who were working at general hospitals in Korea (n=117) and Japan (n=80). An independent t-test, ANOVA, χ2-test, ANCOVA, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were used to compare disaster nursing competency using SPSS WIN 21. Disaster nursing competency were measured as 3.22±0.64 for Korean nurses and 2.81±0.84 for Japanese nurses. A significant difference was found in disaster perception, disaster preparedness and main authority of disaster management, organizational performance between the two countries. The factors affecting disaster nursing competency include career, country, main authority of disaster management, disaster preparedness, safety perception, disaster experience, all of which accounted for 30% of the variance in disaster nursing competency. The findings from this study will provide the foundation for nursing education to develop disaster nursing competency among hospital nurses.
  • 7.

    Analyzing Effectiveness of Remote Monitoring System for Road Safety Light

    Jong Ho Lee | Choi, Seok-keun | 2020, 16(2) | pp.109~121 | number of Cited : 0
    While driving on the road, traffic accidents occur frequently affected by various conditions such as road geometry, weather and nighttime. This study installed safety indicators in the danger zones where frequent traffic accidents occur and developed a remote monitoring system enabling automatic control at all times. The system is connected to wireless communication based on window OS and relayed in real time by remote control of the local controller and road traffic safety indicator, and the operational status of the system was analyzed using GIS technique. According to the results of analysis of the operational status of battery and solar cell in safety indicator installed in the field, it was found to operate well during normal condition but the performance was reduced by 10~20% during winter time due to the low temperature. In order to solve this problem, it is necessary to expand power generation capacity or reduce power consumption.
  • 8.

    The Improvement of Legal System for Risk Management of Sunken Ships

    Jaeho Seo | 2020, 16(2) | pp.123~138 | number of Cited : 0
    The potential danger of a sunken ship is one of the most important risk factors of a major maritime accident following the risk of accident of a vessel in operation. This paper reviewed the Marine Safety Act, the Oceanic Environment Management Act and the Public Water Management Act for their contents of sunken ship management, and analyzed the problems of the current legal system in South Korea. It is found that the current legislation on the management of sunken ships does not manage the risk of environmental pollution of isolated cargo carried by sunken ships. Due to the different rules across the laws, there is limited management of environmental pollution risk for sunken ships on water surface. This study also identified the problems of risk assessment for sunken ships. The findings of this study propose an amendment of each law to fine-tune management targets and areas, along with an integrated guideline and comprehensive risk assessment system for sunken ships.
  • 9.

    Influencing Factors on Hypoglycemia Fear Behavior and Hypoglycemia Anxiety among Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

    Mi-Kyoung Cho | Mi Young Kim | 2020, 16(2) | pp.139~148 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study was to identify the factors affecting hypoglycemia fear behavior and hypoglycemia anxiety among type 1 diabetes mellitus patients. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 101 type 1 diabetes mellitus patients in South Korea via online survey. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation and multiple regression analysis using IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 program. The mean age of the participants was 28.31±11.68 years and 61.4% of the participants experienced hypoglycemia more than four times per month. The scores for hypoglycemia fear behavior and hypoglycemia anxiety were 29.55±6.70 (range: 13-43) and 41.11±16.39 (range: 16-80), respectively. The explanatory power of the hypoglycemia fear behavior model including three variables of age, depression, and hypoglycemia anxiety was 19.0% (F=8.75, p<.001), while that of the hypoglycemia anxiety model including only two variables of depression and hypoglycemia fear behavior was 36.2% (F=29.03, p<.001). Considering that the most common factor affecting hypoglycemia anxiety was depression, efficient management of hypoglycemia is recommended to decrease the fear of hypoglycemia.
  • 10.

    The Role of Empathy on Risky Decisions for Oneself versus Others - Focusing on Loss Aversion Behaviors -

    Rim, Hye Bin | Jina Jeong | Byung-Kwan Lee | 2020, 16(2) | pp.149~160 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This research explored the differences between decisions for others and for the self. In this research, we questioned whether or not judgments for others would exhibit less loss aversion than making judgments for oneself. We, furthermore, examined the moderating role of empathy on the relationship between decision types and loss aversion. A total of 140 participants were randomly assigned to one of two conditions (decision for others versus for oneself) and answered a questionnaire including decision tasks and an empathy scale. The SPSS PROCESS macro analysis was performed to examine the hypotheses. The results indicated that the participants exhibited less loss aversion behaviors when they made decisions for others. As expected, the differences between decisions for others and decisions for themselves declined as their empathy level increased. Implications and possible future research directions are discussed as well.
  • 11.

    The Level of Organizational Learning for Emergency Preparedness Work on Organizational Immersion in Local Governments - Focusing on the Intermediary Effect of Self-directed Learning -

    Hwan Soo Shin | Hyo Son Park | 2020, 16(2) | pp.161~181 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of the study is to analyze the relationship between the level of organizational learning related to emergency preparedness of local governments and their members’ self-directed learning ability and organizational immersion. The study was conducted by carrying out a survey of 175 members of the Civil Defense Emergency Preparedness Team in 12 cities and provinces in South Korea. The results are as follows. First, there was a significant correlation among organizational learning, self-directed learning, and organizational immersion of the emergency preparedness organizations. Second, organizational learning had a positive effect on self-directed learning and job immersion of their members. Third, self-directed learning was shown to serve as a mediator between organizational learning and organizational immersion. Findings and limitations are discussed.
  • 12.

    Child-friendly Spaces in Disaster Shelters for Child Disaster Victims

    Boreum Kim | Seol Mi Oh | Deok Hui Choe | 2020, 16(2) | pp.183~201 | number of Cited : 0
    This study introduced the concept, role, and cases of child-friendly spaces providing customized services to child disaster victims who have difficulty in protecting themselves and insufficient resilience due to their physical, psychological, and developmental characteristics. In Nepal, Japan and China experiencing earthquakes with a magnitude of 7.0 or higher, international NGOs and the government worked together to provide integrated services with experts in child-friendly spaces in disaster shelters. Child-friendly spaces were designed to help children minimize damage from disasters and recover early through psychological treatment, counseling, play and education as well as child-tailored services such as food, relief goods, medical and sanitation services. The 2017 Pohang earthquake in South Korea without child-friendly spaces lacked goods, spaces and services specifically for children in disaster shelters. This study suggested that the detailed regulations for disaster shelters should be established considering the characteristics of children and the child care areas should be provided in shelters. In addition, it is necessary to prepare a manual to resolve problems with child psychological support and to train professional experts who can protect and educate children in disaster situations.