Emerging infectious diseases have unique characteristics that require collaborative efforts to be properly addressed. The well being of human life free from infectious diseases is recognized as a basic social right in the Constitution and implemented under the law in many countries. In South Korea, the standard manual for disaster risk management in response to infectious diseases is prepared and operated according to the respective laws and guidelines. However, it is questionable whether the response system for infectious disease crisis described in the manual is appropriate and reasonable. The composition and hierarchy of an initial response task force formed according to the manual are varied and inconsistent depending on the title and type of the infectious disease and its reporting and management system is highly decentralized, which requires thorough review and revision. Considering the paragraph 6 of Article 34 of the Constitution of South Korea stipulating the government’s duty of making efforts to secure the Constitutional Principles of the Social State and the Principles of Social Basic Rights, a critical review is needed to evaluate whether or not the Korea CDC’s initial response system meets these principles.
The purpose of this study was to explain the post-traumatic stress (PTS) of firefighters by developing a hypothetical model based on the stress-coping-adaptation model and applying it to the PTS of firefighters.
The data were collected during December 1-31, 2016 from 136 firefighters working in three fire stations in G province of Korea and analyzed using SPSS/WIN 21.0 and AMOS 21.0 programs. The fitness of the modified model was improved as /DF=1.56, RMSEA=.01, GFI=.99, AGFI=.99, CFI=.99, IFI=.99 and NFI=.99.
In the modified model, the effect size of the variables directly affecting the PTS of firefighters were in the order of job-related stress, coping strategies, and experiences of traumatic events, while the perceived social support had an indirect effect on PTS through coping strategies. In order to prevent and manage the experiences of traumatic events of firefighters with PTS, coping strategies should be improved to properly handle the traumatic experiences. In addition, it is desirable to develop strategies and systems to reduce job-related stress and strengthen the level of social support based on the affinity of the organization.
The purpose of this study was to explore how anger rumination and anger-coping style affect the warning symptoms of alcohol relapse in alcoholics in order to better understand the characteristics of anger and develop customized treatment plans for alcoholism. The data were collected from the survey of 110 alcoholics patients that were treated in the alcohol hospital located in a metropolitan city in Korea from November to December, 2019 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and hierarchical regression. The bootstrapping was also used to test the significance of the mediating effect. The results of this study showed significantly positive correlations among anger rumination, anger coping style, and the warning symptoms of alcohol relapse. An anger-coping style partially mediated the relationship between anger rumination and the risk of alcohol relapse. The findings in this study suggest further research to prevent the risk of alcohol relapse.
It is very important to suggest improvement measures through periodic evaluation of local governance for disaster safety in order to ensure effective disaster prevention and response. This study analyzed the level of cooperation with the related organizations as well as internal and external organizations participating in local governance through a local governance network analysis for disaster safety in Gyeonggi-do, Korea.
The improvement measures based on the results are as follows. First, it is necessary to strengthen the connection with external organizations by expanding personnel exchanges with them and conducting relevant training in a regular basis. Second, it is crucial to avoid inter-departmental conflict and indifference and strengthen the level of business cooperation between internal departments in Gyeonggi-do. Third, establishing local governance for disaster safety would be important in connection with civil society organizations, particularly national movement groups operating in local governments (e.g. righteous movement councils, Saemaul Undong councils, etc.). Fourth, it is necessary to revitalize the operation and activities of voluntary disaster prevention teams responding to disasters in the region.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting PTSD of disaster victims, focusing on the differences among three groups with different levels of disaster information related to recovery and relief services: non-information, information trust, and information distrust. The 3rd wave data collected in 2018 by the National Disaster Management Research Institute were analyzed. The main results of this study are as follows. First, the rate of PTSD level was highest in the information distrust group. Second, only the information trust group showed that information satisfaction affects the risk of PTSD. Third, the lower the subjective health status and the lower the level of satisfaction with relief aid and service distributions, the lower the PTSD rates for all groups. Fourth, gender, age, education, average monthly income, and social support were found significant factors in the non-information group, while education and average monthly income were found significant in the information trust group. The results highlight the need to provide reliable information on disaster in a variety of ways based on the level of PTSD symptoms according to the level of disaster information provided.
In the Ulsan area, dam development was actively promoted for large-scale industrial and population growth, but the conflict between cultural property preservation and securing water supply security became a longstanding social issue since the discovery of the Bangudae petroglyphs in the Sayeon dam submerged area. This study aims to analyze groundwater level fluctuation in the surrounding area of the Ulsan Teahwa river to evaluate if the groundwater reservoir installed at the mid-stream of the river can resolve water shortage problem in the Ulsan Metropolitan city while preserving the Bangudae petroglyphs. The results show that a water intake facility with the capacity of 30,000㎥/day installed in groundwater reservoir is expected to ensure water intake all year long. It is also estimated that the groundwater level decreases by at least 0.3m in an area within a radius of about 650m from the facility. The groundwater reservoir installed at the mid-stream of the Teahwa river is expected to make up the shortage amount of water due to the reduction of water level for preserving the Bangudae petroglyphs, which could resolve the existing water disputes in Ulsan, Korea.
This study was conducted for the purpose of designing the method of systematic data collection and utilization of student injury data which can be used to establish and implement effective policies for school safety and accident prevention. The data were collected from 35,994 cases of school accidents reported by kindergartens, elementary, middle, and high schools in Incheon City for 6 years (2013 - 2018). It is found that the contents of the data collected in accordance with the current 「school Safety Act」 in Korea contains only the direct cause of the accidents and lacks the details necessary to make it complete, which lead to limited effects of the existing policies of educational authorities for school safety and accident prevention.
The findings of this study suggest the identification of the surface and root causes of the accidents through the detailed investigation and the corrective action to prevent the recurrence of the same type of accidents.
In this study, we proposed a designing method of food risk communication strategy based on consumers’ subjective risk assessment, perception, and communication needs. To verify the significance of the proposed model, we conducted a consumer survey on food risk targeting 576 married women with children who are under age 50. We classified 12 food risk cases into four different types based on consumers’ risk assessment and perception, and then matched communication strategies with each of the four types considering consumers’ communication needs. The result showed that designing the risk communication strategies based on consumers’ subjective perception is not irrational but efficient to prevent unnecessary costs due to inappropriate communication efforts. This study highlights the need of a national-scale consumer survey on various risk cases since the survey results could inform the direction of government policies on consumer-friendly risk communication.
This review paper aims to suggest policy directions to secure the effective implementation of disaster preparedness policy by minimizing vulnerability for disaster and building disaster resilience in the event of large-scale disasters. Disaster preparedness refers to activities undertaken prior to the onset of a disaster to improve the response capacities of individuals, households, organizations, communities, and countries.
The roles of these units include assessing their disaster vulnerabilities, anticipating problems that may arise in the event of disasters, and improving the ability to reduce disaster impact and ensure efficient and effective responses. In this context, we reviewed the theoretical framework underlying disaster preparedness, vulnerability, and resilience in disaster situations and then examined some of the problems that hinder proper preparation for a prompt and efficient response to the disaster. Based on the findings of the review, we recommended the government to develop programs to ensure effective implementation of disaster preparedness policies for vulnerability reduction and resilience building.