The purpose of this study is to determine in which situation the recipient of the message perceived if a disaster text is appropriate, depending on the situational requirements of the disaster text provided to the recipient. Disaster situations given for analysis include predictable disasters (heavy rains, heavy snowfalls), momentary disasters (earthquakes, landslides), and spreading disasters (epidemics, gas leaks). The recipients were asked to evaluate the risk, urgency, and relevance of the disaster and their effects on the perceived appropriateness of the disaster message was analyzed through multiple regression. It is found that they perceived predictable disasters as appropriate when relevant, momentary disasters when urgent, and spreading disasters when dangerous or urgent. These findings confirmed that differential criteria for classifying disaster text messages by disaster type can effectively deliver information to the recipient. It is necessary to improve the standards for distributing disaster texts as a more reliable means of communication, considering a growing number of disaster-like situations such as earthquakes, fire events, and fine dust problems.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a nursing intervention program for cancer patient, using the concept of “smart patients”, on patient distress and quality of life. This study was conducted by adopting a non-equivalent control group pre and post-test design for 21 cancer patients as an experimental group and 19 patients as a control group. The nursing intervention was applied to the experimental group for eight weeks, beginning January 10, 2015, while booklets on distress management were provided to the control group. To measure the distress and quality of life of subjects, the distress thermometer, problem list, and the Korean Version McMaster Quality of Life Scale (MQLS) were used. It is found that the ‘Becoming Smart Patients’ nursing intervention was effective in reducing distress and improving the quality of life of cancer patients. These results indicate that the nursing intervention program that helps patients become smart may reduce distress and improve the quality of life of cancer patients in South Korea. Nurses who care for cancer patients should recognize the importance of communication with family and medical staff.
The construction of weirs in Nakdong River has altered the farming methods and cultivated crops of the surrounding farmland and the conflict among residents is increasing due to the opening of weir gates.
In this study, the characteristics of groundwater fluctuations in the surrounding area due to the opening of the Hapcheon-Changnyeong weir gate were analyzed, focusing on the area of Gaekgi-ri, Ugok-myeon, Goryeong-gun in Gyeongsangbuk-do. The simulation scenario was based on the river water level, recharge characteristics, and the conditions for groundwater use. In all scenarios, it is found that the groundwater level was determined according to the level of Nakdong River and some groundwater levels changed by the characteristics of quarterly recharge characteristics and groundwater use conditions. This study found that fluctuations in the groundwater level in the upstream region are inevitable due to the gate opening of Hapcheon-Changnyeong weir and problems in groundwater use could occur in some areas with shallow groundwater facilities.
The purpose of this study is to understand the essential meaning of the experiences of using the shelter for abused victims among the abused elderly victims. The researchers collected the data from nine abused elderly victims who previously stayed or are currently staying in a shelter for abuse victims and analyzed them using Colaizzi’s method, as one of the phenomenological methods. Their experiences were classified into eight categories, such as “Standing at the End of Heartbreaking Life,” “Seeking Help out of a Hard Life,” “Starting a Strange Life with a Sad Heart,” “Living a Life of being Welcomed,” “Recognizing a Wound in Life,” “Becoming More Nervous as the Day of Discharge Approaches,” “Designing a New Life,” and “Living with Memories of the Shelter”. The essence of their experiences in using the shelter for abused victims based on the eight categories was found as “Rest and Preparation for a New Life.” Through the results of the study, the operation of a shelter dedicated to the abused elderly victims as well as a follow-up research were suggested.
Aggression displayed by children is a widespread social problem. Children may be aggressive due to the influence of violent parenting in the home environment, which could be mediated by ego-resiliency. This study proposed a hypothesis that the level of eco-resiliency depends on the child’s relationship with teachers at a regional center for children. Based on this context, this study investigated the influence of harsh parenting and eco-resiliency on aggression of children, focusing on the moderated mediating role of teachers at a regional center for children. The responses from 606 4th-grade children who attended the regional centers for children were extracted from the Regional Center for Children Panel and analyzed to test the hypothesized model. The findings showed that ego-resiliency mediated the path from harsh parenting to aggression of children and the path depended on the relationship with teachers at the center. This study reaffirmed the role of teachers at the regional center for children who may contribute to building an environment where children can cope well with adverse events at home.
The purpose of this study was to compare the difference between meta-cognition and critical thinking before and after distance learning and to identify the factors affecting meta-cognition of college students in nursing. The data were collected from 61 college students in nursing in South Korea via an online survey, and analyzed by descriptive statistics, paired t-test, correlations and multiple regression analysis using IBM SPSS Statistics 25.0 program. It is found that 77% of them are female and their meta-cognition and critical thinking scores were 214.23±31.38 (range: 140-286) and 91.31±9.93 (range: 69-114), respectively.
Meta-cognition and critical thinking increased significantly after distance learning. The explanatory power of the meta-cognition model including three explanatory variables (attendance score, learning strategy, and critical thinking) was found 77.9% (F=71.63, p<.001). We concluded that both meta-cognition and critical thinking increased after the implementation of distance learning for college students in nursing during the COVID-19 pandemic.
In order to discover the burn-out and recovery experiences of HIV/AIDS service providers, this study analyzed in-depth interview data from HIV/AIDS service providers using Giorgi’s phenomenological method. A total of 9 social workers and counselors working in various agencies participated in this research. This study came up with 24 meaning units such as ‘vague fear’, ‘being afraid to work’, ‘ignoring one’s concerns about work’, ‘consoling oneself’, ‘intention to remain as an appreciated person’, 5 sub-subjects such as ‘mixed feeling while working with clients living excluded lives’ and the main subject, ‘confirming oneself as a helping professional’. With the close interaction with clients who suffer from stigma, stereotypes and illness, HIV/AIDS service providers experienced a wide range of emotions, oscillated between exhaustion and recovery of passion, and secured their position as helping professionals. The results suggest individual and organizational interest in the management of workers’ stress and burnout as well as training for professional improvement. The findings are expected to be utilized for human resource management and employee supervision and support in HIV/AIDS-related social welfare organizations.
This study identified nurses' attitudes toward brain death organ transplantation and the degree of knowledge about hospice palliative care and confirmed the relationship between these variables. The data were collected from 238 nurses with a minimum of one year of working experience in the 3 University hospitals located in B metropolitan city. The study found that their attitude score on brain death organ transplantation was an average of 3.63±0.76 (out of 5 points). The most influential sub-factors in order include recognition of brain death as death, care of organ transplants, risk of brain death, and acceptance of organ donation. The average score of knowledge on hospice palliative care was 8.18±2.44/20 points, with statistically significant differences by terminal education and current position. Little attention has been given to hospice palliative care and brain death organ transplantation in hospice sites, despite the legal implementation of them. We proposed national-level policy support for institutional supplementation and awareness enhancement for brain death organ transplantation among nurses.