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pISSN : 2466-1198 / eISSN : 2466-1201

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.79
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2020, Vol.16, No.9

  • 1.

    Assessment and Applicability Analysis of Dynamic Landslide Hazard Using Matrix Approach

    Kidae Kim | Min Jeng Kang | Chang-woo Lee and 2other persons | 2020, 16(9) | pp.1~11 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The models to predict when and where a landslide occurs were constructed with different purposes and scopes, but tended to be complementary to each other. The objective of this study was to convert the static landslide hazard into the dynamic landslide hazard and combine a spatiotemporal hazard matrix to assess it, in order to enhance the usability of the early warning system for landslide and the landslide hazard map developed by the Korea Forest Service. We applied various matrix evaluation models to develop scenarios and assess the 2017 landslide occurred in Cheonan, Korea. The results of this study showed that a simple combination of matrices facilitated quantitative evaluation of the dynamic landslide hazard and its accuracy was higher than the static landslide hazard map. In addition, the dynamic landslide hazard can be assessed for the near future by integrating the 1-hour prediction data provided by the Korea Forest Service. The results of this study can help maximize the utilization of the existing national landslide forecast system and landslide hazard map, which should enhance the efficiency of managing landslide-prone zones during the rainy season.
  • 2.

    Characterisics of Emergency Medical Services Utilized by Elderly Residents in Nursing Homes

    Sung Hoon Hwang | Hyo Ju Lee | Jong Ho Kim and 1other persons | 2020, 16(9) | pp.13~23 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study aims to analyze the characteristics of emergency medical services (EMS) utilization among elderly patients divided into two groups depending on place of living: nursing homes and places other than nursing homes. The data includes patients aged 65 years old and over for whom ambulances were requested by the 119 Dispatch Center in Gyeonggi Province from January 1st to December 31st, 2018. Statistical analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics 21.0. The findings showed that EMS ambulances were requested more frequently for female patients in nursing homes than males in other places. Brain disease was the most common medical history of the EMS users at nursing homes (P=0.000). Also, critical medical conditions, such as cardiac arrest (5.4%), altered mental status (16.4%), difficulty breathing (18.6%), and fever (19.2%), were found more than twofold higher among the EMS patients in nursing homes, which were classified as emergency by EMS crews. This study suggests a review and amendment of the legal standards regarding support for emergency medical providers and allocation of ambulances.
  • 3.

    The Effect of Information Access and Understanding on Disaster Response Actions among the Elderly at Home in Busan, Korea

    Seol Mi Oh | Lee, Kiyoung | KIM HYUN SUNG and 3other persons | 2020, 16(9) | pp.25~38 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    With an aim to reduce the damage to the elderly who are vulnerable to disasters, this study analyzed the impact of disaster information access and understanding on the elderly’s response actions in disaster situations. The data were collected by surveying 191 elderly people over 65 years old living in their homes in Busan Metropolitan City. The analysis was conducted by frequency analysis and descriptive statistics using the SPSS 22.0 program to identify the demographic characteristics and major variables of the subjects. A multiple regression analysis was also conducted to verify whether information access and understanding of the elderly affects their disaster response behavior. It is found that the elderly’s disaster response behavior is affected by their access to disaster information on human resources (β=.205) and their understanding of disaster information on material resources (β=.340). The results of this study suggested the implementation plan to improve the disaster coping capacity of the elderly.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Characteristics of the Initial Response System in Military Crisis

    Jang Kyu Lee | 2020, 16(9) | pp.39~53 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The security situation facing Korea requires a very active initial response in the event of a military crisis. The survey was conducted on the professional working group regarding their initial responses and the core items and contents of the initial responses derived from the survey were analyzed and synthesized by the descriptive statistics method. In the first stage of situation determination, accurate situation recognition and evaluation are needed based on the analysis of situation judgment, resolution, and response. In the second stage of decision, it is necessary to determine a clear goal for initial response and a crisis response plan, to timely report situations, to spread an alarm, and to cultivate a decision ability to form an appropriate crisis response organization. In the third stage of response, establishing the on-site command and control system is critical along with close information sharing and cooperation with the media and private organizations. This study highlights the importance and necessity of the initial response in military crisis since it could minimize the damage to the military and civilian infrastructure and prevent the expansion of operations.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Relationship between Population Structure and Safety in Local Community

    Choi, Seok Hyeon | Seung Yeon Nam | 2020, 16(9) | pp.55~67 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study examines the relationships between population structure and safety in local community in the view of social disorganization theory. Little is known about how demographic structural changes in local communities impact its social stability including crime safety. The findings show as follow. First, both family disorganization and ethnic diversification at the local community could increase social disorder by weakening social network among residents of local communities which is believed as the foundation of the collective control. Second, aging in the local community was found to be positively related to community safety since such demographic structure may increase social control in the local community. Lastly, political participation such as turnout in local election had a positive effect on community safety. This study suggests that collective efficacy can increase social stability in the local community facing demographic structural changes such as aging, ethnic diversification and family disorganization.
  • 6.

    Suicide Postvention in Military Organizations: Healing and Management

    Hyo Son Park | 2020, 16(9) | pp.69~84 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to prevent suicides in military and stabilize operation of a military unit by deriving treatment and management measures through suicide postvention. Suicide postvention assists in recovery after suicidal events and prevents possible risky behaviors, including continued suicidal behavior. The results of this study suggested the treatment and management plans for those attempting suicide as follows. First, it is necessary to cultivate mental health professionals by utilizing educational programs and external experts, develop the educational contents and provide healing programs for the families who lost their loved ones. Second, the management plans should reduce the suicide rate by emphasizing postvention after suicidal attempts, as well as reinforcing the ability of individual soldiers to overcome stress and strengthen resilience.
  • 7.

    Risks and Insurance in Mergers & Acquisitions

    Changki Kim | KIM, SOYEUN | SHIN DONGHOON | 2020, 16(9) | pp.85~104 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine the risk factors associated with mergers and acquisitions (M&A) and to introduce various M&A insurance that can be used to mitigate them. Using the M&A insurance data in South Korea, this study develops modeling of M&A risks to quantify and analyze the size of the risks. The main findings suggest that the losses in Korean domestic M&A insurance seems to be constant in frequency, but unpredictable in the extent of severity, which highlights the need of close attention to not only the overall mean but the fatness of the tails of the distribution of the losses. In particular, when calculating insurance premiums, it is necessary to consider the uncertainty of the tail from a conservative point of view by estimating VaR or CTE values as useful reference indicators. It is expected from this study that Korean companies and experts will gain more understanding about M&A risks and succeed in brokering M&A deals that can truly enhance firm value by employing risk management techniques including M&A insurance.
  • 8.

    Developing the Integrated Program for Daily Life Support for the Elderly with Mild Dementia - A Systematic Review -

    SOHEE KIM | 2020, 16(9) | pp.105~129 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study attempted to find the direction of an integrated program that helps the elderly with mild dementia living in the community maintain their daily life. Through reclassification of the existing programs, the effectiveness of practical intervention programs was analyzed in terms of cognitive, emotional, social and physical characteristics of the elderly with mild dementia. A total of 79 empirical research results published from 2000 to March 2020 on practical intervention programs for the elderly with dementia was analyzed using the PICO (Patient, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) model. Most of the empirical studies reported the program effect on overall cognition, improvement of memory, reduction of depression, and improvement of daily life performance ability. However, there was a lack of intervention programs related to problem-solving and computational ability in cognitive function, anxiety, anger, happiness and self-esteem in emotional aspect, family relations and friend-neighbor relations in social aspect, and instrumental daily life performance and sleep in physical aspect.
  • 9.

    Social Contexts of Regulatory Policy and the Influence of Interests on Regulatory Sciences - On the Controversy on the Regulatory Policy on Alien Golden Apple Snails (Pomacea canaliculata) -

    Na Yeong Kim | Ji Min Shin | Cho Su Nam | 2020, 16(9) | pp.131~155 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The regulatory policies related to environmental issues involve various social contexts and interested parties. We examined how the social contexts on Golden Apple Snail (Pomacea canaliculata) have made the regulatory policy sluggish for a long time, and how the regulatory science has been used and interpreted differently by each ministry of the central government in South Korea. We analyzed relevant newspapers, reports and papers of related ministries and affiliated research institutes over 20 years. The regulatory policy on Golden Apple Snail was not free from the political, economic, and social contexts influenced by international and domestic changes, and the implementation and interpretation of regulatory science were also related to the interests of ministries such as the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. This study is expected to contribute to understanding the characteristics of regulatory policies and regulatory sciences in particular domestic contexts.