If the President grants a major disaster declaration in the United States, FEMA activates the National Response Plan (NRP) and proceeds to direct 32 federal departments and agencies in support of state and local efforts to respond to the disaster. Recovery function involves decisions and actions relative to rebuilding or relocating homes, replacing property, resuming employment, restoring businesses, and per- manently replacing and rebuilding infrastructure.
This paper will analyze what assistance local and state governments provide in helping a community recover from disaster event such as a flood, earthquake, or hurricane. The purposes of this paper are to analyze how government policies and/or programs were activated for relocating homes and recovering infrastructure in the case of Hurricane Katrina, and to draw policy implications for the emergency management system in Korea. For these purposes this study is mainly focused on programs of relocation assistance for residentially displaced persons and rehabilitation of public goods.
This study, for these purposes, analyzed disaster responses, programs for relocation and the public rehabilitation program. The analytical conclusions are as follows: first, it is necessary to establish clear-cut lines of authorities and responsibilities in the relocation of displaced persons and rehabilitation of public goods in Korea. Second, the current disaster recovery must be reformed with the establishment of a professional disaster recovery organization in Korea. Third, it is recommended that middle- income families be insured for the National Flood Insurance Program, and that local and federal governments provide a phased assistant system of support for low-income families.