Nowadays, Korea has suffered from the serious illness of extremely low birth rate and tremend- ously rapid increase of aged population. Until recently, the government has never recognized the problem as one of national crises.
In 2005, total fertility rate of Korea was 1.08 which is close to the lowest rate in the world.
Embarrassed, the government declared that in the course of time a master plan for the crisis of extremely low birth rate and tremendously rapid increase of aged population with the fundamen- tal law for low birth and aged society(law No. 7496) as central figure.
But, the national crisis related to low birth and aged society is so much complicated that it could not be resolved with old-fashioned tem- porizing population policy. Since it is closely connected with not only personal life cycle iss- ues such as marriage, parturition, child rearing and education, health and disease control, ag- ing, and so on but also national issues such as politics, economy, social environment, educa- tion, culture, it needs a holistic resolution remedy which could be joining both personal life cycle issues and national issues together.
Key Words: low birth rate, national crisis, holi- stic resolution remedy
- A Social Psychological Approach -
Yong Jin Cha
Using psychometric paradigm, this study ex- amines the factors influencing risk perception, structure of risk perception, characteristics of social risks. The results show that the citizen sample has a two-factor structure and two hi- gher order factors - 'dread risk' and 'unknown risk' - structure risk perceptions of the 70 risks. The results also indicate that the 70 risks can be categorized into four types. The policy implica- tions of four types are discussed.