Because of recent natural disasters such as typhoons Rusa and Maemi and large-scale man-made disasters like the incendiary fire in Daegu subway and the forest fire in Yangyang, local governments have suffered a great loss of human lives and property. For the purpose of minimizing damage caused by disasters repeated every year and of controlling and regulating disaster management process (prevention-preparedness-response-recovery), first of all disaster management organization of local governments must be reorganized.
Since 2003, a national disaster management organization have been reorganized extensively based on a theory of integrated disaster management with consultation of experts in disasters and "National Emergency Management Agency" was inaugurated on June 1, 2004.
However, with regard to reorganization of disaster management of local governments, they tended to depend on guides of the central government rather than to have interest in subjective reorganization.
Thus this study purposed to find out methods of reorganizing efficient disaster management organization of local governments by analyzing the actual condition and drawing problems of an disaster management organization in Samcheok City, which must evacuate people first and control a disaster when it takes place, from a viewpoints of coherent structure, learning structure, cooperative structure and organic structure.