It is well known that a successful disaster management system in a society is dependent on the people’s participation. It is required to minimize the consequences and damages of unexpected disasters unless they are possible to be prevented, and the effectiveness of a disaster management system can only be increased when the system is based on the people’s voluntary participation. Article 34 Clause 6 in the Constitution of the Republic of Korea spells out that the State should try to prevent disasters and protect its people from the disaster. Article 35 clearly states, however, that the people should try to protect the environment, implying that the protection of environment is the duty not only for the State but also for the people. The article defines the necessity and importance of people’s participation. There are many obstacles in disaster management leadership because of political change, lack of competent NGOs and understand between those organizations and the government, defected leadership in the disaster site, and lack of awareness and functions of community-based, voluntary organizations. The National Emergency Management Agency recognizes and tries to tackles these difficulties establishing various networks. This paper reviews the current situation and proposes several policies to promote the participation of local communities and people’s voluntary organizations in the field of disaster management. Fostering strategy for the leadership promotion in local level, job places, and other areas is discussed including the operational and organizational process.