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2018, Vol., No.12

  • 1.

    Park Jong-hwa and Kwangsoo Lee, the War of Imjin(임진란) and Historical novels

    Kong Im Soon | 2018, (12) | pp.9~36 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper firstly paid attention to the role of Park Jong-hwa as a basis to compare and analyze Park Jong-hwa and Kwangsoo Lee. Because Park Jong-hwa not only played a bridge role in Kwangsoo Lee’ reinstatement, but also supported it by the re-valuation of historical novels. The crucial scene in 1956 when the kidnapping issue was raised and Kwangsoo Lee emerged as a symbol of anti-communism led the literary men who were passive Kwangsoo Lee’ reinstatement in until then. This fruit is the ‘Kwangsoo Lee’s Complete Works’ published in 1962 by Samjungdang. Park Jong Hwa participated in the editorial committee to play a leading role in Kwangsoo Lee’ reinstatementy by criticizing his historical novels in terms of national literature. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the problematic correlation between Park Jong-hwa’s ‘national literature’ and historical novels, which is a way of redeeming the defects of human ‘Kwangsoo Lee and saving the author. For this purpose, this paper examined in chapter 2 that the national literature of Park Jong-hwa had been the site of constant restructuring of the national problem. In this process, 『Imjinwaaran(임진왜란)』 which was published shortly after the end of the Korean War became the focus of discussion. Referring to his comment that his first step as a historical novelist was the war of Imjin(임진란), 『Imjinwaaran (임진왜란』 is enough to be a major reference to consider the problematic relationship between national literature and historical novels. Through the analysis of Chapter 2, this paper discussed in detail in Chapter 3 how a particular time series of the war of Imjin(임진란) which he invoked worked as the current ideological politics of historical novels. Park Jong-hwa’s 『Imjinwaaran(임진왜란』 been linked with Kwangsoo Lee’ 『Yi Sun-Sin(이순신)』 for over three years reveals that historical novelsl is not a representation of the timeless tradition or history but the projection and reflection of our present desire. This is the conclusion of Chapter 4 of this paper.
  • 2.

    How was read Kwangsoo Lee’s historical novel “WONHYODAESA(Great Master Wonhyo)”?

    Byounggill Kim | 2018, (12) | pp.37~63 | number of Cited : 2
    This study is on Kwangsoo Lee’s historical novel “WONHYODAESA(Great Master Wonhyo)”. The prior studies have generally focused on text analysis referred to the biography of the author and topics review. Such studies show that the nature of this work is national epic and Empire epic, autobiographical epic and religious epic. Based on these premises they tried to analyze writer Kwangsoo Lee’s schizophrenia or the view of his Buddhism. In fact this work is essentially a melodrama combined with romance and action. The thesis’ purpose is to determine the nature of this work in view of a serial story in a newspaper as well as popular narrative. To that end, this study researched preferentially the general nature of newspaper serialization historical novel and it’s consumption structure during colonial period of Korea. The conclusion is that this work is ten minutes in newspaper journalism of the response to poison the fact that the public. The conclusion is that this work is a popular story faithfully responding to the planning of newspaper journalism.
  • 3.

    Kwangsoo Lee, Sinminhoi and Liang Qi-chao

    Kim, Jonguck | 2018, (12) | pp.65~87 | number of Cited : 5
    This thesis chose Kwangsoo Lee’s historical novel, “Danjongaesa” and as objects of study in order to examine his thoughts on Confucianism. This work is unfamiliar to readers who remember Kwangsoo Lee, who has consistently criticized Confucianism since the 1910s. In this work, the narrator looks at the event from the point of view of the confrontation between the good and the evil, and speaks to the readers in the tone of the Royalists. Kwangsoo Lee, who poured intense criticism of Confucianism a decade ago, is aware of history from the viewpoint of Confucian loyalty. Kwangsoo Lee's change may have been predicted at his ideological starting point. He was mentally influenced by Ahn Changho and Lee Seunghoon, who led Sinminhoi in the 1910s. The political ideology of Sinminhoi is to build a new nation through the republic. This political ideology was based on the idea of t​he reformist of China, Liang Qi-chao. As a result, Kwangsoo Lee exiled to Shanghai in 1919 and joined the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea. However, as Liang Qi-chao abandoned the constitutional monarchy and regressed to the civilized monarchy, Kwangsoo Lee returned from the Shanghai and gave up the ideology of the republic, but instead came to work with the traditional nationalism of Confucian loyalty.
  • 4.

    Causationism and a ruind country story: the principle of making plot in The Prince Maui(마의태자)

    Seo Eunhye | 2018, (12) | pp.89~124 | number of Cited : 0
    Kwangsoo Lee’s historical novels are generally examined in the aspect of his nationalism. But the novel The Prince Maui is exceptional because it is different from other historical novels such as A Tragedy of Dan-jong(단종애사), Lee Soon-shoin(이순신), which cite various historical documents of Jo-seon Dynasty. The temporal setting of The Prince Maui is Shilla, and Lee use fictional imagination borrowing action-play structure. But the discourse of his own nationalism influence on this story, especially the level of plot organization. Lee describe leaders' fate under the belief on causationism, which is formed with his nationalistic thought. It is different from the purpose of examining historical events. It is rather closely related to Lee's argument of social reconstruction, known as publishing National Reformation(민족개조론) in 1922. Causationism which is influenced by natural science is kind of premise of his argument of preparation in 1910s. He insist the will of change for independency with the social context of forming the League of Nations. But in 1922, shortly after returning from Shang-hai, Lee gave up all expectation for independency diplomatically at this point. Instead of that, he make his own thought, national reformation. He insist reforming one's own being, throwing away 'bad feelings' such as fallacy, laziness. And it is closely related protestant's ethics, which is represented as repentance. He also had interest on Buddhist causationism in 1920s in this situation. So the agent who repent one's own guilty appears his main novels in middle of 1920s such as Reborn(재생) and The Prince Maui(마의태자). As a ruind coundtry story, The Prince Maui(마의태자) contains various leaders who rise and fall in the flow of history. If he(she) loses his(her) virtue of leader, he(she) face the fate of falling which is strictly decided. The implied author of this story is someone who strongly believing the principle of causationism, which is reminded of real author, Kwangsoo Lee in 1920s.
  • 5.

    The Discourse Structure and Reproduction Aspect of Historical Novel Illustration in Maeilsinbo: Focusing on Interactive Effects of Lee Seung-man’s text Illustrations

    KIM SEON | 2018, (12) | pp.127~146 | number of Cited : 0
    This discussion mainly focuses on illustrator Lee’s works by examining the interrelationship between his historical novels and illustrations in Maeilsinbo after 1930s. This discussion also covers the media perspectives by looking at the cultural and political backgrounds in which a series of historical novels with illustrations were designed and prevalent. Among the genre of historical novel, illustration has possessed reproducing strategies according to the sense of temporal distance of history. When dealing with the ancient and medieval history such as epoch of the three Kingdoms and Goryeo Dynasty, which are considered relatively far from now, the illustrations symbolically reproduce the mythical atmosphere such as ancient factors, feudalism, nobility not the empirical factors. In the case of the reproduction of modern age of the Joseon Dynasty, the customs and the descriptions of the chronological space were expressed in detail and sense. When looking at the specific relationship with the writer, if relates to Kim Dong-in’s historical novel, illustrations played a preferential role in the background and created atmosphere in order to create a mythical and emotional sense of place in the novel’s background. The relationship between the background and the character has created illustrational reality by having mythical-realistic relationship. In the case of Kwangsoo Lee’s “Wonhyo”, the illustrations focus more on the characters in order to deal with the inner anguish and growth of the characters, the theme of the novel. There is a difference in the way of reproduction between the early stage of the epic, in which the characters experience agony as the flow and changes of the epic, and the middle stage of epic, in which the characters have become religious leaders. In conclusion, Lee Seung-man’s historical illustration inherent some properties of epical reproduction. The illustrations increase the readability by concisely and immediately reproducing the epics and deliver clear message and atmosphere to its readers. On the other hand, each illustration independently focuses on the sense of place which is created by the relational factors between figures and backgrounds. This refers to the significant independent genre an illustration format embraces.
  • 6.

    The removal theory embodied in Sorrows of Youth and Mourning the passing

    YANG NING | 2018, (12) | pp.147~174 | number of Cited : 7
    During the early period of the 20th century, many intellectuals in Korea and China carried out different kinds of reformations in the fields of education in order to get rid of colonial domination. Kwangsoo Lee and Lu Xun are the important representative personages of them. The two authors think that culture is the reflection of the society and they introspected the problems that women had faced through their works. Their works describe women's lives in the transitional period and pretend the equality between men and women. Kwangsoo Lee and Lu Xun are the headmost authors that focus on women's lives. The sorrows of youth written by Kwangsoo Lee and Mourning the Passing written by Lu Xun take love and marriage as materials to describe the contradiction of young intellectuals between free love and following parents' wishes. The men and women leading characters changed their lives and ideology through removal. This is the common ground of these two novels’. Therefore, through separated descriptions, this article expounds the theme. This article describes the failure of women’s removal and consciousness of enlightenment and the fight for equality of male intellectuals. First, the two women leading characters in The sorrows of youth and Mourning the Passing are both the new women that living in the transitional period from feudal society to modern society and accepting new education. The comparison between the two novels is significant. This article describes how the two women leading characters would do when they face the traditional feudalistic thinking and what kind of impact is generated on them. This article explores how would the two women leading character’s ideology and lives affected by removal and their tragic destiny. Second, the two men leading characters in The sorrows of youth and Mourning the Passing are both intellectuals that living in the transitional period and they discovered the issue of women's rights and enlighten women. From this point, the comparison and analyzing between the two novels is meaningful. This article narrates the perspective of the two men leading characters regard women’s rights and what to do to enlighten women. This article also explores the background when the two authors wrote these two novels. While studying in Japan, Kwangsoo Lee was affected by new women and helped give him new perspective on women's rights. He negated the gender inequality of feudal patriarchal domination and realized the necessity of women's enlightenment. Therefore, he wrote The sorrows of youth and Ruthless. Affected by the New Culture Movement occurred during the May Fourth Period, Lu Xun started to turn his attention to women’s rights. Through the New Culture Movement, Lu Xun reviewed human rights and women rights and wrote My Views on Chastity. Finally, this article organize the above contents and comes to a conclusion.
  • 7.

    A comparative Study on Chunwon and Xu Dishan’s Religious Consciousness: based on Love and Yuguan

    WANG XIAN | 2018, (12) | pp.175~199 | number of Cited : 0
    The close correlation between the trend of the times and religious culture formed the characteristics of Chinese and Korean religious novels in the 1930s. In this period, religion was not used in accordance with internal demands, but in response to external pressures. Chunwon and Xu Dishan were representative writers of religious novels in China and South Korea at that time. They both had experiences of exposure to various religious types. Chunwon's Love and Xu Dishan's Yuguan, both published in the late 1930s, are works that fully reflect their open religious understanding. Both works are based on the religious types used as the means of cultural aggression by the aggressors in both countries at that time. Therefore, from the perspective of understanding the writer's religious consciousness and social participation consciousness, they are comparable. At the same time, this study also has certain significance in investigating the universality and particularity of the Oriental literature complex. Although the two works focus on different religious types, there are many similarities in their emphasis on the doctrinal content and the writer's consciousness reflected. In the mind of the characters and the basic creative consciousness of the writer, there is a distinction. At the same time, the two writers have the same attitude towards the acceptance of diverse cultures at the level of doctrinal acceptance. Next, this paper will focus on revealing the two writers' attitudes towards religion. With Love and Yuguan as the center, this paper will make a detailed analysis and comparison of the similarities and differences between the two works.
  • 8.

    Qualitative change in the shape of migrant workers: from affection to human rights-Focusing on “Namaste”

    MA MIN | 2018, (12) | pp.201~227 | number of Cited : 0
    Park Bum-shin's Namaste was published in 2005. This was when the migrant workers problem emerged as a social problem. “Namaste fused a very realistic and social story called 'Migrant Worker' into a pure and ideal love story. Thus, this novel is both realistic and unrealistic. In addition, “Namaste is attracting attention because it allowed readers to recognize the suffering of migrant workers by accusing the real problem of Korean migrant workers. Although most of the previous studies were based on the exclusive national consciousness of multiculturalism, the central narrative of this work seems to me to be the 'affection narrative' between Nepalese migrant workers and Korean women, which is missing in the preceding article. In the second chapter of this study, we will look closely at the affectionate narrative of the Nepalese migrant worker 'Camille - Savina' and the affectionate narrative of migrant workers (Camille) and Korean women (Shin Woo). Through these affection narratives, the fictitious nature of the Korean dreams of migrant workers and Korean people 's understanding of the Korean dream of migrant workers were analyzed. In the third chapter of this study, we will look at the qualitative changes in the shape of migrant workers in Namaste, starting from the triangle relationship between love and man. It can not be denied that a positive effort for the development of society is a driving force for a country to progress. But there are differences and conflicts between people and people. These differences or conflicts can not be eliminated completely. Foreign workers came to Korea dreaming of 'Korean Dream'. We need to guarantee their human rights and quality of life so that Korean society can play a role as a member of the international society.
  • 9.

    Aesthetics of ‘A Hunchback’s Dance’ -Focusing on the Deformed Relationship between the Sexes Depicted in Park Wan-suh’s Novel

    Shin Jung Suk | 2018, (12) | pp.229~258 | number of Cited : 3
    This paper analyzes volumes 1 to 3 (1975 - 1979) of『The Year of Famine in the City』, a major long novel written by Park Wan-suh in the 1970s. The aim of the paper is to examine the fact that the lack of a patriarch (father, husband, or elder brother) after the national liberation compelled women's independence, and also their entry into civil society. The paper also asserts that this lead to the collapse of the traditional patriarchal order, and the unique ‘deformed’ relationship between the sexes was developed as a result. In addition, it was examined that the author presented "the confluent love" that focuses on 'equality' between men and women as a way of healing the deformed relationship. Park Wan-suh repeatedly emphasized in this novel that the re-established relationship between the sexes in the 1970s resulted particularly from the lack of a patriarch in families and the development of capitalism after the Korean War. The patriarch appearing in this novel goes through the deletion or contraction of his status as a family head, and as a member of the society in the historical context that involves the colonial rule of Japan, the Korean War, and the rapid advancement of capitalism. On the other hand, his wife enters into society as a career woman to earn a living for her family while the traditional patriarchy is collapsing. Superficially, she seems to play a substantial role as a family head, and thus begins to dominate her husband, but she is still bound to the traditional ethical code, so-called 'serving but a single husband.’ The widow who lost her husband in war also shows such an ambivalent attitude. She enjoys free love with many men, but the purpose of her free love is to marry one and re-enter into the traditional patriarchal order once again. As such, the rapid collapse of the patriarchal system and a rise in women's economic independence failed to lead to women’s liberation, but formed the deformed relationship between the sexes with their position somewhere between the traditional ideology and the modern reality. The author proposes a way of overcoming the deformed relationship between the sexes in the 1970s, and recovering the primitive vitality of the relationship between the sexes, which is 'the confluent love.' "The confluent love" is a type of love that establishes a new identity through a loving unity without damaging the respective identities of both men and women alike. Additionally, “the confluent love” involves fleshly elements that were not emphasized in the traditional romantic love. Such fleshly elements imply the nature of women's liberation on the assumption that the traditional 'distinction' between ‘graceful madams’ and ‘hedonistic women’ vanishes. This novel's end, however, describes the new generation that develops the future-oriented relationship between the sexes as leaving the city, and starting life anew in the father's hometown (countryside) in the 1970s, which reflects people's nostalgia toward the vanishing patriarchal order. In this context, ‘returning to the soil’ means re-entry into the traditional patriarchal order, which is viewed as originating from the instinct of returning to their traditional and stable foundations. In this novel, as a matter of fact, returning to the men-centered order of rank is insufficient to heal the deformed relationship between the sexes in the 1970s, which is also a major limitation of this novel's author, as well as being the general trend at the time in the 1970s.
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