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2019, Vol., No.14

  • 1.

    A Comparative Study on the Original Novels and Films of ‘When you cross the hill’ and ‘The sun of tomorrow’ of Park Hwa-sung

    Eunhye Nam | 2019, (14) | pp.7~44 | number of Cited : 1
    Park Hwa-sung, who only published short stories after liberation from Japan’s colonial rule, published a series of novels in 1955 in The Hankook Ilbo. It received positive reviews from both literary and newspaper readers. ‘When you cross the hill’(고개를 넘으면) was made into a movie in 1959, and ‘The sun of tomorrow’(내일의 태양, 1958) needs to be analyzed together in that it was made into a film in 1962. Park Hwa-sung dealt with the problems of women, families and generations as she wrote a novel about the young generation's love and marriage, which she explored ways to overcome the reality of ‘post-war.’ In the novel, she is pinning her hopes on a new family, distinguishing the past to be liquidated from the tradition to be inherited. And it is symbolically depicted through the generation discourse. ‘When you cross the hill’ deals with the secrets of birth, while ‘The sun of tomorrow’ tells the story of the love and marriage between a divorced woman and a single man, so it can succeed as a newspaper novel and is made into a movie. However, as the novel became a film, the writer’s perception of reality and the characteristics of female characters changed, and the ‘Shinpasung’ increased and ‘familyism’ strengthened. The writer creates a rift in traditional ‘familyism’ based on ‘bloodism’ through the story of ‘Creating a Couple’ in the first novel. It also showed the story of the young generation's union and allowed them to directly connect with his grandfather, ‘Sir Hyuk-am(혁암선생)’, who was an independence fighter. These topics should be newly regarded as not being involved in ‘nationalism’. In the film, however, it became ‘Shinpa’ focused on ‘Finding a Real Father’ of ‘Seolhee(설희), and the ending of accepting the father and combining the original family. And through time of reflection on herself and her family, a growing female subject was omitted. ‘The sun of tomorrow’ is about the struggle of Nam Hee-ra, who successfully remarries against traditional customs after her first marriage failed. However, there is a perception in the film that marriage is meant to support men and give birth to great children. Elements and characters related to the reality of ‘post-war’, which the author expressed in the novel, also disappeared from the film. And female characters like Superwoman have been transformed into ‘Apresgirl’ and victims of marriage. Keywords:a filmic adaptation of literature, post-war, a generational discourse, marriage, bloodism, nationalism, superwoman
  • 2.

    Aesthetic research of Cheongma Yoo Chihwan’s poet and tragedy

    Kwon, Sung-Hun | 2019, (14) | pp.45~68 | number of Cited : 1
    In this article, based on the evaluation about Yoo Chihwan research, we examined the categories of aesthetics that are being polishing in his poem centered on the poetry 'I was happy because I loved you.'. Trying to expand his literary index by regulating his poetry literature to the universal aesthetics implementation by branching and building aspects of life trying to reach him by accessing the result of aesthetic and aesthetic achievement did. While exploring deeply into the ideal and ideal world in the abyss of Cheongma, the universal aesthetic attributes of literature such as sublime, elegant, and tragic beauty are being executed and melted in poetic medical practice. By clarifying that the poetic reason of Cheongma is implemented in ideological, philosophical, metaphysical, aesthetic and beyond aesthetics category, it is expected that the reason why we can widen the theory of Yoo Chihwan and the sign. It is not easy to identify humor and laugh from the type of aesthetics since Cheongma's poet, it is a bars mechanic property that triggers humor and laugh in his unrealistic consciousness It seems that it could not be done. Therefore, the remaining text of sublime, tragic beauty, elegant, excluding humor and laugh, is the text that we have been exploring, not in fasting but in doubles type. In short, the specimens discussed "tragic beauty and sublime", "elegant and tragic beauty" 'sublime and elegant' are compoundly induced in each specimen and appear in poetic space. By doing so, Cheongma's test piece, which unconsciously takes advantage of it, clearly shows aesthetics with thoroughly accompanying loss and lack of self. Even at the time of Cheongma exploring in the dimension of aesthetics, aesthetics do not exist in a single layer but are displayed in a fluid manner, indicating combined aesthetics by combining with another aesthetic sense. By doing so, you can appreciate Cheongma's recognition of contemporary society, times, history, etc. and the fundamental consciousness that communicates with ego and others with the world. In the research method, it combines with the vain(tragic beauty), transcendental(sublime), life-like(elegant) universally directing tragic beauty, sublime, elegant from Cheongma’s poet, two doubles types of each chapter. First,works such as "Time", "Flag", "Hot song asks the ground," by the transcendence of sublime and the vain of tragic beauty, Second works such as "Narcissus" "Rock" "Nostalgia" by the vain of tragic beauty and the life of elegant, Third, works such as "Good tree", "Injection", "Twilight" by the transcendence of sublime and the life of elegant each chapter observed the aesthetics development aspect at the time of Cheongma through each of the three times. Key words:Cheongma, Yoo Chihwan, vain, transcendence, life, tragic beauty, sublime, elegant
  • 3.

    The comparison research on Xiyu Huang’s and Jinfa Li’s poetry -focusing on symbolism poetry and grotesque aesthetic

    PEI XIANMEI | 2019, (14) | pp.69~103 | number of Cited : 0
    The comparison research on Xiyu Huang’s and Jinfa Li’s poetry -focusing on symbolism poetry and grotesque aesthetic PEI XIANMEI This essay takes the representative poets of symbolism Xiyu Huang and Jinfa Li living in early 20th century China and Korea as research subjects. By accepting the influence of French symbolism, they both frequently adopt singular and grotesque images when composing poetry. Through which, they intend to reflect some kind of anxiety and despair in reality, and even have tried to take ugliness as beauty. In this regard of expression, they share great similarity. The expression form of grotesque has implanted novelty to the aesthetics of both countries modern poetry. It is a true reflection of eager for new poetry. By the images of ‘vicious’ and ‘ugly’, a true reality filled with despair and decadent has been vividly depicted. This type of expression has played a significant part in the creation and development of China and Korea modern free poetry. This essay also illustrates the research on the way how do they refuse a world of despair. Xiyu Huang believes in salvation, for him, ‘lover’ is the one who guides him to the salvation space. The subject of the poetry appeared in his poem has been described as crying spell ‘weak soul’ and who has shown the exchanging of ‘lover’ image in the ruins-like space. In a world filled with thanatos, the poet’s soul has formed a kind of nervous relationship via the imager of lover and pursue eros. While Jinfa Li does not believe in salvation, instead he admires death. For him, life is a tragedy show without any other option and death is a perfect ending of the tragedy. For him, the life of an object is an constitutional part of the rise and fall of the world, and human being is an insignificant tiny part of the world. The massive narration on death represents a true significance and value of his own life and reflects the dissatisfaction toward the world and the despair. Key words: symbolism, grotesque, ugly, despair, salvation
  • 4.

    The Reality and Healing in the novel of Kim, Il-yeop in 1930’s

    OonJin Han | 2019, (14) | pp.105~130 | number of Cited : 3
    1930s is a turning point in Kim, Il-yeop’s life, and she spends her life as a zen master after living in a dynamic period and entering into the Buddhism. In the 1930s, Kim Il-yeop's work shows the process of entrance into Buddhism, becoming Buddhist monk, and giving up writing. The study on Kim, Il-yeop continues in literature, women’s studies, and Buddhism. This paper examines Kim, Il-yeop's 1930s literature, which is overlooked. Considering the existing research results on Kim, Il-yeop's poetry, the subject is specified as a novel, and it is limited to the 1930s, which shows the tendency of Buddhist and transitional ideas. The research method is to use the Literary Therapeutics and Theory of Epic which is a viewpoint of narrative by paying attention to human relations., because Kim, Il-yeop's novel is describing human relations. Based on this theory, we will discuss the development of Kim, Il-yeop's ideas about hope, empathy, healing, and life. The paper concludes, “The first is to reveal the real life and metaphorize the principle of impermanency: the second is to show hope in dealing with reality; the third is to heal through self-narratives.” Key words: Reality, Healing, Self-narrative, Literary Therapeutics, Life, empathy
  • 5.

    A Comparison of tragic assumptions in the 1930s Han․Zhong prostitution motif novel -Focus on "Showy Rain" and "Mother of Slaves"

    CAO FEI | 2019, (14) | pp.131~157 | number of Cited : 1
    This paper takes Han Zhongji's short story, Jin Youzhen's "Showy Rain" and Rou Shi's "Mother of Slaves" as the objects, and compares the rural reality and family tragedy characters in the two works to analyze the structure of the two stories under similar times, and at the same time, they have similarities and differences. I hope to provide a new perspective to interpret the two works through further analysis. There are not many studies comparing "Showy Rain" between South Korea and China and "Mother of Slaves" in Rou Shi. Jin Youzhen and Rou Shi objectively reflected the rural reality of South Korea and China in the 1930s through their works. And the two works, as the representatives of "engage in prostitution" novels, have striking similarities, so the author believes that the two works have full comparative value. And interestingly, the national conditions of Korea and China at that time determined that the two works could not be completely similar, which further affected the protagonists in the two works to adopt different attitudes and methods when dealing with practical problems. The common theme of "Showy Rain" and "Mother of Slaves" is "engage in prostitution". However, the problem is that engage in prostitution is not the choice of wives, but forced to do so by the violence of their husbands. Then, the husband's behavior is obviously contrary to common sense and ethics. However, this was the last means of survival for the poor farmers in Korea and China at that time. That is, the wife has become the only means and method for the husband to escape from reality.
  • 6.

    The correlation between femininity and 'Cheon-Ji-In(天地人)' in Choi Jeong Hee's work -Focusing on "Jimaek(地脈)", "Inmaek(人脈)" and "Cheonmaek(天脈)"

    KIM seoung hyun | 2019, (14) | pp.159~187 | number of Cited : 0
    This article considers Choi Jeong-hee's work 『Jimaek(地脈)』, 『Inmaek(人脈)』, 『Cheonmaek(天脈)』 to be a work that can be read on the basis of Orientalism, and the life of a woman in the ‘Sammaek(三脈)’ I will be focusing on the correlation of ‘Yin-Yang Five Elements(陰陽五行)’ with ‘Cheon-Ji-In(天地人)’. The Yin-Yang Five Elements(陰陽五行) constitute the foundations of the Orientalism, which influenced Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism and also have had a profound influence on many countries of the East. The idea of Confucius ‘Samjae(三才)’ is consistent with the idea of ‘Cheon-Ji-In(天地人)’ in Korea. The concept of ‘Cheon-Ji-In(天地人)’ symbolizes three different things. ‘Cheon(天)’ represents the universe that is symbolizesd by the Heaven, ‘Ji(地)’ represents the Earth, ‘In(人)’ is a component symbolized by Man. What can be found in ‘Sammaek(三脈)’ is that women are manifested while conflict and competition between maternal ethics and feminine desire, and the intellectuals and heroines pioneer their lives as femininity. In this way, we looked at the characteristics revealed in the personality of the characters and tried to expand the reading of ‘Sammaek(三脈)’ through how the harmony of heaven, earth, and man is revealed. Key words: Femininity, Maternal instinct, Yin-Yang Five Elements(陰陽五行), Samjae (三才)
  • 7.

    Recognition of the Refomation of 'Seoul' as a Community by North Korean returnees to Korea During the Liberation Period in the Novel

    Hee-jung Cha | 2019, (14) | pp.189~210 | number of Cited : 1
    This study explores how North Korean returnees perceived Seoul and how they contributed to the formation of communities in Seoul. The North Korean returnees of the Liberation period returned to Korea with the anticipation of being part of the society. The returnees were so engrossed with the prospect of independence that they did not recognise the meaning and purpose of the different ‘spaces’ within Seoul. To the locals, they were a minority group who sparked a multitude of fears and they influenced the form of Seoul by changing the way in which the different local areas were used. Their active experiences with ‘non-place’ (enemy) contributed to the complex personality of modern Seoul; as a space penetrated by chaos and disorder, as well as watchfulness, exclusion, isolation and competition. Key words: During the Liberation Period, Seoul, spece, place, non-place
  • 8.

    The reality and transcendence of Repatriate Novels after the Liberation -Centered on Gye Yongmuk's <Counting the stars>

    WANG XIAN | 2019, (14) | pp.211~235 | number of Cited : 2
    The value of the liberation period novels has been mainly reflected in its reflection and criticism of reality. Under the influence of this understanding, relevant research has been unable to be carried out from multiple perspectives, From this point of view, the research of liberation novels still has very large space and value. Among them, Gye Yongmuk's novel, because of its neutral attitude in the literary arena at that time, its research situation is even more so. <Counting the stars>, Gye Yongmuk's late masterpiece, serialized in 1946, is a work that can fully combat this kind of fixed speech and research phenomena. Although the plot of the novel objectively reproduces the social reality at that time, However, it is of ground breaking significance to put forward the difficulty of the way of the nation as a problem and finally try to find a way out. Therefore, whether it is as the object of the re-evaluation of the liberation novels or for there interpretation of Gye Yongmuk’s novels, Its meaning is necessary to be further grasped. Although it is a novel about the restitution of villagers returning from manchuria to Korea, the author here is concerned not only with the phenomenon of overseas restitution during this period, but also with the phenomenon of the division of Korea. Returnees, as a group facing various social problems at that time, their miserable living conditions reflect the unreasonable phenomenon in the liberation period. The author gazed at the disorderly social appearance, and revealed the hidden dangers brewing in it, such as the polarization of people's thoughts, the decline of national identity and the disappearance of traditional spirit. And for the unreasonableness of this period, to put the end of its development on the destruction of national homogeneity and the failure of the establishment of national subjectivity, and tried to trace the starting point to the reality of the division of Korea. In this work, the author thinks that the severance of the north and south is not only the geographical severance, but also the ideological severance. Accordingly, he wants to realize national homogeneity by reclaiming the nation's inherent spirit and values, and as a solution to overcome ideological division. Under the circumstances of unlikely to getting rid of the geographic division immediately. It's a more intelligent way to recover human nature and morality, as well as the traditions of the people, to conquer the internal contradictions of the nation's society. Keywords:Gye Yongmuk, <Counting the stars>, liberation, repatriate novel, reinstatement, ethnic identity, division narratives, ideological severance, overcoming division
  • 9.

    The Study of Theory of Female Migration in <Yeong-ja in Her Prime> and <Red woods>

    QU HANG | 2019, (14) | pp.237~262 | number of Cited : 4
    With the advent of industrialization, South Korea and China has get rid of poverty and achieved rapid economic growth. However, economic growth has also produced lots of social problems. For example, the government aimed to achieve urbanization, industrialization, and economic growth, however, the government only cared about economic growth, and the distribution policy was ignored. This sacrificed the interests of migrant workers in cities. Although the livelihood of the people has improved greatly, but the caused the differentiation of class and expand the gap between the rich and the poor and the money worship is prevalent. Under this circumstances, there has been a wave of immigrants entering the city from rural areas, with Korea and China no exception. The income gap between urban and rural areas has widened due to the government's low grain and low wage policies, forcing the farmers to leave the countryside to the city or on their own terms. Even though they have moved to cities, they had to work on the 3D industries that the urban population has turned away due to the economic and educational level differences. They became the objects that are treated differently and despised by urban people. In particular, Women are more vulnerable to sexual harassment and sexual assault, so Seon-jak Jo and Mo Yan focused on the phenomenon of the commodification of women and wrote <Yeong-ja in Her Prime> and <Red woods> that reflected the darkness of society. From the perspective of migration, this paper aims to analyze <Yeong-jain Her Prime> and <Red woods>, written by Seon-jak Jo and Mo Yan who represents the era of industrialization in the 1970s. This paper aims to look at the lives of female migrant workers and explain why they have been forced to live a hard life. Key words: Industrialization, Migration, Female, Workers, Life
  • 10.

    A Contrastive Study on the Semantic Extension of Body Language "입" and "嘴, 口"

    Zhou, ZiYou | 2019, (14) | pp.263~289 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper aimed at the semantic extension of body language of Korean "입" and Body Language of Chinese "嘴, 口" by the perspective of cognitive semantics. Firstly, this paper made a contrastive analysis of the polysemous phenomena of "입" and "嘴, 口", and revealed what relevance their based on to semantic expansion. Then, this paper examined the differences and similarities in the process of semantic expansion of the word "입" and "嘴, 口" based on the results of comparative analysis, and examined the reasons for the differences and similarities. It was found that in the process of semantic expansion, there were three reasons for the similarity. One was that the universality of human cognitive psychological process; the other was that the common human body structure and the same perceptual organs led to similar perceptions of body parts between Korea and China; the third was that Korea and China belonged to the same cultural circle and shared many commonplaces in system, culture, customs and production experience. The differences in semantic expansion were influenced by the number of semantic expansion, traditional national culture and system, language characteristics and cognitive differences. At the end of the paper, on the basis of a specific classification system of noun meanings, the study gave meaning characteristics to the extended meanings of "입" and "嘴, 口", and classified them to reveal their tendency of semantic expansion. The study found that the semantic expansion of "입" and "嘴, 口" had the following tendencies: firstly, many extended meanings of body language had 'natural object/artificial object'. It well indicated that human beings recognized the outside world by their body and experience, and they transferred the characteristics of body parts to other active or inactive objects by some relevance. secondly, the extended meanings of "입" and "嘴, 口" had many characteristics of `attribute', which illustrated that body language, extended semantically through metaphor and metonymy into a state noun as an entity noun; Thirdly, many of the extended meanings of "嘴, 口" had the attribute meanings of "Classifier", which was about the fact that Chinese words were belonged to the semantic language. Key words:body language, semantic expansion, metaphor, metonymy, generality, heterosexuality, tendentiousness