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2020, Vol., No.18

  • 1.

    A Study on the Collapse of the YeonTongJe(聯通制) in the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea and Its Restoration by Kwangsoo Lee

    Song Hyun Ho | 2020, (18) | pp.11~33 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In this article, in order to objectively describe Kwangsoo Lee's independence movement and national movement, the texts written by Kwangsoo Lee’s book “Dosan Changho Ahn” and by Yohan Joo’s book “The collected works of Ahn Dosan” were used. The so called YeonTongJe, United Communication System between Procvisional Government and Korea, was examined in detail. Thus, the connection between the Sooyang Movement Corp (수양 운동 단체) and YeonTongJe of the Provisional Govenment was clarified and explained in detail. The YeonTongJe created by Changho Ahn is similar to the idea of ​​a local secret organization at the time of the New People's Assembly. It was a liaison network that could be used to inform the trends of the interim government and the world situation by mobilizing a secret organization in Korea and mobilize the entire nation in an emergency. The main purpose of the communication system was propaganda and communication. The provisional government of the Republic of Korea suffered due to the lukewarm attitude and financial difficulties of domestic and foreign personnel, and in 1921, a domestic secret organization was discovered and dismantled. When the communication system, which had been consistently promoted since the time of the New People's Assembly, collapsed, Changho Ahn envisioned a legal organization in Korea. Therefore, it seems that Kwangsoo Lee consulted Changho Ahn when he left the sea. Kwangsoo Lee joined the Heungsadan in 1919, worked in the Wondong committee, and returned to Korea in 1921 to organize the Sooyang Alliance(수양동맹회). The Sooyang Alliance was renamed as the Sooyangdongwoo Association(수양동우회) in 1926, and the Dongwoo Association(동우회) in 1929. These were foster movement groups, but in reality they were the forward base of the national enlightenment movement. At the time, it was a time when the Japanese police closely monitored the behavior of Koreans and suppressed them if they showed a monochromatic color. Therefore, the temporary government of the Republic of Korea needed to create a camouflage group that could act as a communication system with permission from the policemen to avoid the surveillance network. The activist group's activity was clearly revealed in 1937 as a Dongwoo company. The prosecution clearly states that the Dongwoo Association was a group aimed at the independence of Joseon. When the domestic communication network was completely blocked by the collapse of the Friendship Association, the possibility of the South Korean Provisional Government to establish the Korean Liberation Army was established to rebuild the domestic communication network. Therefore, although it is true that Kwangsoo Lee turned to pro-Japanese after 1938, it is necessary to describe both the positive and negative accomplishments(功過) strictly. Worked pro-life for a lifetime or returned to work in 1921 to work as a pro-day
  • 2.

    Related aspects of Shin Chae-ho's novel 「kkumhaneul(Dream Heaven)」 and Lee Kwang-soo's literary thought

    Bang, Min Ho | 2020, (18) | pp.35~74 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This thesis aims to show that we can approach Lee Kwang-soo literature in the context of Shin Chae-ho's thoughts and novel creation. Shin Chae-ho was not simply the creator of the biography or history novel. He was a writer who repeatedly experimented with new and unique styles by combining traditional narrative styles with styles transferred from outside. Shin Chae-ho was a legitimate senior of the writer Kwang-soo Lee, who led the process of forming and developing the Korean modern novel, called ‘breakthrough creation’ through “engraft”. This thesis attempted to present two points. First, “jeong” and “moojeong” in Shin Chae-ho's novel 'kkumhaneul' influenced Lee Kwang-soo's literary thoughts. Second, the style ‘engraft’ shown in this novel is a combination of the style of novels related to dreams and novels and the style of Japanese novels. Lee Kwang-soo's literature was not simply an import phenomenon of Western and Japanese novel styles. He should be understood as the successor of the creative traditions of senior writers like Shin Chae-ho. Lee Kwang-soo's literature should be understood in the net of vertical axis and horizontal axis that are his generation and his senior generation.
  • 3.

    The Cho Ohyeon, Buddhism poetry aesthetics the Idea of Dharma - kaya Buddha in the Avatamsaka - Sutra

    Kwon sung hun | 2020, (18) | pp.77~102 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper explored the dharma buddha while observing the Buddhist reasons that formed the founder of the Cho Ohyeon Zen poetry with kegon thought sutra and observing it through literary investigative methods and paramitt. Here, Zen poetry of his is the world of Kegon with a focus on the character of “all-heartedly mind-building” in which the heart basically builds everything. Also, Cho Ohyeon was showing Zen aesthetics while leading the Buddhist philosophy acquired as a Zen monk through his life as a philosopher with modern poetry. Looking at the absolute state of no discrimination where regeneration and ministries are united. For example, it is possible to confirm the fact that the existence and death of all beings, the sacred and the vulgar of all beings, are not fundamentally separated. From the perspective of the poetry poet and religious leader, the existence of worries and understanding as an attendant who looks at minor everyday life and things through Unhindered thought that does not set a boundary between the path of life without a rough thing in the unity of literature and spirit It is evenly shipped to his entire Zen poetry who saw that they were seeing the matching faces. While interpreting literary rhetoric that stands out as his research method in paradox, ironic, symbolic technique, it was revealed that it penetrates the world of Kegon through the six paramitts a Buddhist Bodhisattva line. In particular, the six lines of bodhisattva is the boundary of all-heartedly mind-building, so from that time as his practical meaning of regeneration, the concrete contents have been developed in paramitt. This text is paradoxically, ironically, symbolically divided through short poetry, joint poetry, editorial poetry in the form of poetry, while pursuing the "paradoxically and busch paramitt, irony and hold the ring paramitt, symbol and endure paramitt" that is a prominent Buddhist idea in six paramitts, he explored the dharma buddha that appeared in the world of Kegon. On the other hand, the material manifested in his poem reveals the truth in the sense of Buddha, who, though independent, has the law as a connected dharma buddha. In essence, his test piece means the true body of the universe, which is the body of the universe with no color or shape, through which it communicates with the biography of Birosa Buddha, do not specify the subject of awareness of the truth as a sample conducted through ministries and pioneer, It is a point that it has been converted into a "sanctuary of disbelief" while calling it a small, trivial, useless, so-called low existence as a savior. It was revealed that these beings were immediately reinterpreted as "dharma buddha" from his poem.
  • 4.

    ‘Concealing and Revealing’, the War of the Marginalized Youth - focused on “The Golden Age of Young-ja”

    HA NIE JUNG | 2020, (18) | pp.103~139 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    “The Golden Age of Young-ja” is a popular novel that shows the 1970s. The novel was also made into a movie and became very popular, but it seems to be trapped in the mold of ‘hostess literature’ and ‘popular novel,’ which shows the stereotype of the lower class. But even if the 1970s’ ‘public’ includes intellectuals, middle class and workers, it is questionable whether the novel's main characters, the urban lower class, are included. This paper noted that “The Golden Age of Young-ja”’s main characters-“I” and “Young-ja” were the youngman who were isolated, lower class workers of the city. In the 1970s, these marginalized urban lower-class youths were used as tools for the nation's economic development ideology and abandoned by another social discourse. The main characters-from soldiers dispatched to Vietnam to scrubber, from maids to prostitutes- becomes a victim of national violence, which is only used through physical labor, in the ideology of the nation's economic development and is not protected. “I”’s experience in Vietnam overlaps with the situation of Young-ja who lost one arm, and the two comfort each other and unite. The artificial arm that “I” made for Young-ja makes ‘the golden age of Young-ja,’ but in other words, it conceals national violence. However, Young-ja’s one arm couldn’t be hidden even if she tried to hide it. The novel shows that the cover-up of violent reality can not be possible through the image of Young-ja’s one arm that resisting the misery of reality with the burnt one-armed body. And the one arm as the evidence of the national violence works as the ‘pa-sang-ryok(破像力)’.
  • 5.

    A study on the migration and settlement of patients in <Your Heaven>

    ZHANG WEI | 2020, (18) | pp.141~160 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Lee Cheong-jun's novel <Your Heaven> can be seen as a story of Cho Baek-heon leading the leprosy sufferer to build a paradise, but it can also be seen as a story of how the leprosy sufferers to settle down on "So-rok-do"island. So based on the theory of migration, this paper studies the life of leprosy sufferers in "So-rok-do" island. From the novel, we can see the three stages of migration and settlement of leprosy patients in "So-rok-do" island. First, they used to be healthy people, but because of the war and plunder, they lost their hometown and moved to the vagrant road. During the migration, they contracted leprosy. After they became leprosy patients, they were despised and persecuted by healthy people. They were driven out everywhere, wandering on the road of despair, and finally were taken into "So-rok-do" island. In the long vagrant life, they have jealousy and resentment to the healthy people, and formed a brutal and cruel character. The second life is the life of leprosy patients forced to immigrate to "So-rok-do" island. When they first moved in, they wanted to settle here, set up their families, and actively participate in infrastructure projects. But their efforts and sacrifices have become tools used by the leadership to gain political achievements. They were enslaved, isolated and deprived of the most basic rights of being human. "So-rok-do" island became an "exile place" where the first generation of migrant patients could not settle down physically and mentally. Most of them are indifferent to this fate and live with resentment. A few of them chose to flee the island for freedom. Third, let's take a look at the improvement of the lives of the second generation of immigrants and the gradual transformation of "So-rok-do" island into a settlement. The life of the second generation immigrants is better than that of the first generation in both material and spiritual aspects. With the improvement of living conditions, "So-rok-do" island has become the second generation of immigrants to settle down and breed offspring. But because of the Experience of leprosy and their childhood experience, they suffered from the mental trauma that could not be easily recovered. Because of this psychological trauma, "So-rok-do" island has become the "Hometown" for them to settle down, but they still do not have the complete comfort and self-confidence as ordinary people .
  • 6.

    The 'Alienation' aspect of Gi Hyeong-do and Hai Zi 's poetic subject

    Wu, Hui-Ying | 2020, (18) | pp.161~180 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper is to fundamentally examine the modality of conflict intellectuals experience living in dark years of 1980s by comparing 'alienation' aspect of poetic subject appeared in poems of Gi Hyeong-do and Hai Zi. As precedent researches presented, Gi Hyeong-do and Hai Zi are intellectuals who lived in the dark years of 1980s and their poems are very gloomy, full of death. Poetic subjects in their poems are the one who agonized and anguished in absurd reality. However, two poets showed somewhat different tendency to express this anguish. In this study, we fundamentally look into psychological modality of two poetic subjects based on Lacan's Psychoanalysis theory to explain these characteristics. 'Alienation' used here is a concept derived from Lacan's psychoanalytic term meaning 'vel' in Latin. According to Lacan, it is psychological modality created through the relationship with others in the process of forming subjects by human beings. He explained the process of 'alienation' that is experienced from imaginary system and becomes more prominent as it enters into the symbolic system with an example of self-awareness process of infants. In this paper, we examine the subjects in poems of Gi Hyeong-do and Hai Zi based on his theory. Normally, alienation is used to examine poetic transformation and psychological modality of one person as a process of subject formation. However, we focus on the fact that the characteristics of 'symbolic alienation' and 'imaginary alienation' are appeared to each of agonizing subjects of Gi Hyeong-do and Hai Zi to compare characteristics of poetic subjects of two poets by dividing these processes into two characteristics in this study. As a symbolic 'subject', poetic subject of Gi Hyeong-do is the one who agonized in the oppression of other. The anguish of this subject is caused by oppression of orders in reality and he accurately recognized this. On the other hands, poetic subject of Hai Zi is 'imaginary' one and can' find the source of his own agony and anguish. He showed the lack of awareness of reality to recuse himself from gloomy of reality through continuous imaginary identification with others.
  • 7.

    A study on factors which affect sense of well-being of Chinese students majoring in Korean

    Cheng Yuqing | Hyeongchun PARK | 2020, (18) | pp.181~206 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study takes Korean major students from four universities in Hebei Province of China as the research objects. Through the questionnaire survey, the author analyzes the current situation of Korean major students' sense of well-being in Chinese universities and the influence of various factors on students’ sense of well-being. The satisfaction of Chinese college students majoring in Korean in major selection, campus life, future planning, self-confidence and other aspects will affect their overall sense of well-being. To improve the sense of well-being will have a positive impact on students; on the contrary, the negative impact will rise. The factors that affect college students’ sense of well-being include types of universities, gender, grade, origin of students, family type, situation of brothers and sisters, annual family income, ways of entering Korean major, etc. The result shows that the influence of these factors on college students majoring in Korean varies to some extent. In particular, types of universities, grade, family type, position at home, and ways of entering Korean major have a great influence on students’ sense of well-being.
  • 8.

    A Comparative Study on the current situation of Cultural teaching in South Korea and China Language Teaching

    Han Xu | Han, Yong Su | 2020, (18) | pp.207~227 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    With the active exchanges between South Korea and China, people's understanding of language and culture becomes more indispensable. This paper will compare the similarities and differences of cultural teaching between Korean as a foreign language teaching and Chinese as a Foreign language teaching in South Korea and China, and compare and analyze the types, contents and methods of cultural education in language teaching in the two countries, so as to learn from each other in order to carry out their respective cultural teaching in the future. The research method is mainly to compare the current Chinese cultural teaching works written by Chinese scholars and the cultural teaching contents in Korean language education, so as to analyze the differences in cultural teaching between the two countries.