This study examines the correlation between the establishment of inner side, which is the characteristic of modern literature, and exploration of novelistic forms. Through which methodology, could metaphysical thoughts that emerged with internality in modern times be represented in literature? Kim Dong-in, who considered literary forms theoretically through <How to Compose Novels>, compared his literature with Lee Gwang-su’s, emphasizing the correlation between pathos, the characteristic of modern literature, and forms. Kim Dong-in’s systematic acceptance of literary forms and discourse on them were based on naturalism, which was prevalent contemporarily.
The first literary form asserted by Kim Dong-in is the systematization of formal structure called a subjective view seen by the subject through the form of subject character. Second, the subjective view represented by the subject developed the continuance of pathos and the extensity of modern literature, the space for phenomenological experience.
As such, the relation between the subjects shown in modern literature and the real world was developed with the relation with forms. Not only Kim Dong-in but also Yeom Sang-Seop put emphasis on the relation between literary representation and real space. While Kim Dong-in tried to “conceptualize” the subject in literary space on equal terms with the nature’s objective rules, Yeom Sang-Seop objectified distinct characteristics of the subject and portrayed “inner universality” that transformed as having a relation with real space and analogy. Both authors could represent inner universality in relation to the extensity.