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2020, Vol., No.19

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  • 1.

    The Relationship between Yi Kwang-su's “Mu-Myeong” and Tolstoy's Resurrection

    Park, Jin-sook | 2020, (19) | pp.9~37 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper is to investigate Yi Kwang-su's “Mu-Myeong” in relation to Tolstoy's Resurrection. Resurrection has been read mainly about the love affair between Nekhlyudov and Katyusha, but I try to find out the relation between “Mu-Myeong” and Resurrection, especially focusing on the space of ‘prison’ system, which had been discussed at that time. The relations between two novels are as follow. Firstly, there is a similarity of the types of crimes, The arsonist and the alleged forgery of private documents are found to be common in the two works. Secondly, the insight that Nekhlyudov feels about humans in “Resurrection” can be also found in ‘I’’s insight into humanity in “Mu-Myeong”. Thirdly, ‘I’ in “Mu-Myeong” and Nekhlyudov in Resurrection are given same roles in the prison of each novel. This may seem trivial, but it provides an important opportunity for us to pay attention to “I,” as an observer of “Mu-Myeong”. “I”, as an observer, does not appear a flaw in the novel, but play a very important role in revealing that Yi Kwang-su has reached a state where he can no longer enlighten his people. Manifestation of the impossibility of enlightenment is the inner meaning of “Mu-Myeong”.
  • 2.

    A Study of “Maeuitaeja” Written by Lee Gwangsu-With a Focus on Divergent Paths of Revenge and Resignation in History and National Consciousness

    Seo, Serim | 2020, (19) | pp.39~65 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study investigates the narratives of revenge and resignation, and national consciousness as portrayed in a history novel “Maeuitaeja” written by Lee Gwangsu. The novel first appeared as a series in a daily newspaper, Donga Ilbo, and told stories of a nation and its heroes in the late period of Shilla Dynasty, starring historical figures including Gungye, Maeuitaeja, Gyeonhwon, and King Gyeongsun. The novel embodied the author’s interest in the history of Shilla Dynasty, which was also expressed in his other works including ‘Gasil’, “Death of Lee Chadon”, and “Priest Wonhyo”. However, the novel was severely criticized by Kim Dongin both for its plot and theme, and has not been properly investigated. Another reason for the lack of interest in the novel was that it was deemed as incomplete based on Georg Lukacs’s theory on history novel. However, integrity of historical facts is not the sole standard that decides quality of history novel. The simplicity of a plot-the novel is divided into two parts: a chapter on Gungye and a chapter on Maeuitaeja-does not eliminate the need to academically examine the novel. “Maeuitaeja” mixed historical facts with fiction, revolving around lives of the characters. The author expressed the theme through the characters’ personality and concerns, and notwithstanding the simple plot, subtly communicated his political consciousness by intertwining it with personal lives of the heroic characters in the novel. Instead of a black-and-white view on ‘cooperation’ and ‘resistance’, readers can perceive the author’s thoughts swinging between idealism and agony faced in the reality. Gungye was an extraordinary figure from the birth, had heroic aspects, and went so far as founding a new nation. However, his fate was doomed as he grew obsessed with personal grudges and revenge. In comparison, Kim Chung or Maeuitaeja was not heroic, but became a righteous figure who got enraged and then resigned from a fallen society. As a nation is ruined, these two contrasting figures faced divergent paths of fate. The author’s national consciousness is implicitly shown in the rise and fall of the two figures against the background of the Shilla Dynasty.
  • 3.

    A Study on Lee Kwang-soo's Poetry(1)-Focusing on the Three People's Poems(1929) and A collection of poems written by Chunwon(1940)

    Lim Sooman | 2020, (19) | pp.67~101 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper considered the poems of Chunwon(春園) Lee Gwang-soo(李光洙) in chronological order. Because he said he wanted to capture his inner truth in a poem that he had never done to anyone, I wanted to examine through his poems the path of the extreme transition that led him to the pro-Japanese leadership, who was an ardent nationalist. Based on these research objectives, the scope of the study was limited to the end of the 1930s when his pro-Japanese activities began to appear. In his early poems, there is a clear attitude that he will devote himself to comforting and empowering his fellow countrymen in distress through writing. However, there are many signs of disappointment and frustration as much as his love for his country began to appear from the early 1920s. I took a look at the coexistence of these two things, focusing on the Three People's Poems published in 1929. Meanwhile, in the poems of early and mid 1930s, the love and hatred of the country and its compatriots was further advanced, driving Chunwon into despair at various levels. I wanted to look through the aspects of such despair and his inner self until he returned to Buddhism This study was completed at the point of confirming that Chunwon's path to pro-Japanese activities could be a religion. I took note of the image of the" Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva statue(觀音像)" in his poetry at this time. Through religion, he hoped to save the soul on a personal level and to find a way to national renewal. Specifically, Chunwon overlapped the image with her mother's image, and even contained the nation's or even the ideology of "Daedongagongyeong(大東亞共榮)". This combination was a medium of religious ecstasy. In order to think more deeply about this, a review of Chun-won's pro-Japanese poems as well as further study and reflection on the relationship between fascism and religion will be needed.
  • 4.

    Continuance of Pathos and Extensity of Modern Literature-Focusing on Kim Dong-in’s Literary Theory

    KIM SEON | 2020, (19) | pp.105~139 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study examines the correlation between the establishment of inner side, which is the characteristic of modern literature, and exploration of novelistic forms. Through which methodology, could metaphysical thoughts that emerged with internality in modern times be represented in literature? Kim Dong-in, who considered literary forms theoretically through <How to Compose Novels>, compared his literature with Lee Gwang-su’s, emphasizing the correlation between pathos, the characteristic of modern literature, and forms. Kim Dong-in’s systematic acceptance of literary forms and discourse on them were based on naturalism, which was prevalent contemporarily. The first literary form asserted by Kim Dong-in is the systematization of formal structure called a subjective view seen by the subject through the form of subject character. Second, the subjective view represented by the subject developed the continuance of pathos and the extensity of modern literature, the space for phenomenological experience. As such, the relation between the subjects shown in modern literature and the real world was developed with the relation with forms. Not only Kim Dong-in but also Yeom Sang-Seop put emphasis on the relation between literary representation and real space. While Kim Dong-in tried to “conceptualize” the subject in literary space on equal terms with the nature’s objective rules, Yeom Sang-Seop objectified distinct characteristics of the subject and portrayed “inner universality” that transformed as having a relation with real space and analogy. Both authors could represent inner universality in relation to the extensity.
  • 5.

    The meaning of The Son of Man between Lee Moon-yeol’s and Augusto Roa Bastos’

    Shim Kyeong Seop | 2020, (19) | pp.141~178 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Lee Moon-yeol’s The Son of Man can be seen as one of the earliest work of Korean Christian literature that earnestly attempted to engage in Korean Society. The Son of Man of Augusto Roa Bastos’ is a novel written in a similar format to the same theme. They were against to the traditional Christian theology and the understanding of the Bible and tried to suggest different solutions that substitutes previous ones by adapting a different understanding about the Bible and unbiblical elements. However, readers cannot fully understand what The Son of Man in the stories means and also cannot understand what messages the writers of them intended to convey to the readers only through religious or literal approaches. When the readers approach the theological concepts in a dipper ways, they can finally understand the real message that the writers tried to deliver them through The Son of Man. Lee Mun-yeol borrows the contents of the apocrypha, gnostisism and the perspective of Minjung theology to his novel and Roa Bastos borrows the syncretism between south American native religions and Catholic theology with liberation theology. Lee is still talking about the salvation depends on Christian church and on few intellectuals when he talks about same topic about the salvation of this world, otherwise Roa deals with the multitude as the subject and also the object of the salvation work. This study is to compare the meaning of ‘the Son of Man’ of these two writres and to understand better what messages the writers of two novels tried to express by trying different approaches which is mentioned above.
  • 6.

    A Study on Popular Solidarity and Historical Consciousness in Kim Nam-ju’s Lyrical Poetry

    Ahn, RiKyeong | 2020, (19) | pp.179~206 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study aims to consider Kim Nam-ju’s intentions in her lyrical poetry. Clearly, for Kim Nam-ju, poetry was used as a weapon for the revolution, and it was a means to express his desire for revolution. However, it is not appropriate to analyze the entire Kim Nam-ju’s poetry as a struggle poetry. In the absence of poetic imagination, her poetry played a role in criticizing the historical philosophy that had become a myth, and summoned the abandoned people and their history through lyricism Through the discourse of modernization, Korean society has forgotten the history of humiliation, which fell from colony under Japanese rule to American rule. The dictators were drowned in the history of illusions in that manner. Kim Nam-ju tried to restore the history of the people floating outside of history in the style of lyrical poetry. It is not easy to analyze Kim Nam-joo's lyricism as a general theory of lyricism in Korean poetry. In Korean literature, the concept of 'Lyric' has expanded based on concepts such as identity and unity with the world and subjectivity. However, this study tries to approach the problem of lyric as a concept that causes interaction between subjects. In other words, Kim Nam-ju's poem is appropriately embodying the characteristic of lyricism called emotional transference. In the Kim Nam-ju’s lyrical poetry, the individual experiences of the poetic narrator are expanded to the public and the whole country. Furthermore, this aspect of expanding awareness also influences her insight into the history of the erased people. Kim Nam-ju uses poetic allegory to capture the voices of the people and their history enduring in an absurd reality It summons the abandoned memories of the rural communities and Gwang-ju, the space of the wounded people. This study believes that the way Kim Nam-ju captures history can be analyzed through Benjamin's theory. Therefore, it aims to explore Kim Nam-ju's lyrical poems using Benjamin's historical cognition theory and the concept of allegory.
  • 7.

    The Counter-memory aspect of the Factory girls’s Memoirs in the 1980S-Focusing on the memoirs of Seok JeongNam and Jang Namsoo

    Lee, Da-on | 2020, (19) | pp.207~242 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This article focuses on the writing of factory girls and counter-memory in 1980s. Representative factory girl memoirs was appeared as a part of labor literature in the 1980s by Seok Jeong-nam and Jang Nam-soo writing. The writings of the two factory girl wirter represent the memories of female workers who worked in factories under the industrialzation period in Korea. And It is promoted government of Park Chung Hee in the 1960s and 1970s. The most important point in the writing of the two factory girl authors with such a clear identity is the aspect of counter-memory. Counter-memory is a concept emerged by Foucault by criticizing the objectivity pursued by the existing historical narrative. Such counter-memory plays a very encouraging role in that it summons the stories of various others that have been concealed and forgotten in the history of the ruling forces. The memory of the facotry girl in the writings of Seok Jeong-nam and Jang Nam-soo deviates from the form of Gong Sooni. which was regarded as a practitioner of temporary labor or assisting the family's livelihood, which was the dominant discourse in contemporary history. Their memoirs express various contexts of counter-memory that overturns the image of female workers envisioned by Korean society at the time. In other words, Seok Jeong-nam's 『Lights of the Factory』 reveals the aspect of counter-memory that converts the history of workers, which were mainly depicted with male faces in Korea, into descriptions of female subjects. It could be exercised through the problem of reproduction. For example, Song Hyo-soon's memoir “The Road to Seoul,” published in the history of formation in 1982, and led a sensational popularity, reveals the typical position of a female worker who was portrayed as a one-sided victim of the development of Korean capitalism. Therefore, the female gong's writings were considered to have great meaning in that it was a challenge and opposition to the forgotten history of the ‘a factory girl’ and the otherized subject of women. These women's memoirs faithfully fulfilled the role of literature that can confirm their own emotions and memories that cannot be explained with figures such as statistics or graphs through various contradictions and cracks inherent in them. In this article, I tried to discuss the literary value of their writing through the various aspects of counter-memory that appeared in the handwriting of the female gongs represented by Seok Jeong-nam and Jang Nam-soo.
  • 8.

    The critical research about South Korea’s poems of Zhu Yizun’s "Ming Poetry Collection"

    CAO FEI | MA MIN | 2020, (19) | pp.243~263 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Since Ming and Qing dynasties, the communication between China and South Korea has become increasingly close, and with the close contact of the poets of South Korea, the literatus from period of Ming and Qing Dynasty paid more attention to the men of knowledge from South Korea. Living in Kangxi period, Zhu Yizun was one of the poets and literary critics who had a great interest in the literary world of South Korea. "Ming Poetry Collection" is a poetry anthology compiled by Zhu Yizun, on which the poems of poets from Hongwu period to early Chong Zhen period are collected. At the same time, on the 94th and 95th volumes of this book, the poems of poets from such four countries as South Korea, Annam, Champa and Japan are collected, among which, South Korea’s poems are mainly recorded. The 94th volume is divided into two parts, that is, Choson and North Korea, while the 95th volume is marked as the North Korea. Before the 18th century, the mainstream ideology in the poetry circle centered around revivalism and traditional preaches. Affected by the ideological trend at that time, Zhu strived for nature-oriented elegance in his literary creation, and proposed his own poetical theory of nature-oriented elegance. Such a poetical theory of Zhu was greatly affected by traditional poetic literature, and thus it emphasizes tenderness and simplicity. The poems of South Korea complied by Zhu Yizun on his Ming Poetry Collection can also reflect such a literary concept of Zhu. Therefore, this paper takes the poems of South Korea on Ming Poetry Collection as its research object, and explores influence of Zhu’s poetical theory of nature-oriented elegance on the tendency and features in the collection of his poems.
  • 9.

    Lee Kwangsoo’s “Scout of Large Army”, Industrialization vision in 1935

    Kim,Won-Mo | 2020, (19) | pp.267~304 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Lee Kwangsoo read a paper on Scout of Large Army, Industrialization vision in 1935. This new industialzation vision blew us away. The theory of real ability training comes from the truth of cockfighting. He believe that the real ability will win over Japan in the long run. If the governor-general denied a request that raised a cry for a new political requirement, Lee’ll down away the governor. The forerunner enterprises(Scout) were Whashin company and Kyongseong spinning and weaving mill. The rising enterprises(Large Army) were SAMSUNG, HyundaI, LG and Pohang Iron Industry. In the eighteenth century England started the enclosure movement, and then industrial revolution broke out. At last Korean people set the Saemaul(New Community) Movement on foot, after they were armed with the spirit of can-do. In the end, they were completed the Kyongbu Expressway, being based on Agricultural revolution. Finally, Large Army(the rising enterprises) came on in swarms, they also made sure that their tasks were always completed on time and finally created ‘the miracle on the Hahn’. President Trump declared, “You had a dream-a Korean dream-and you built that dream into a great reality. In so doing, you performed the miracle on the Hahn that we see all around us.” He regidly defined, it is a Korean dream.