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2014, Vol., No.65

  • 1.

    A Study on Landscapes of QuFu and SongyuFu

    Sung-Ho Sim | 2014, (65) | pp.5~29 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In QuyuanFu and SongyuFU, the writing material has the landscape of nature. However, it has been rarely dealt with in respect of a nature poetry. The reason is that the landscape of nature has been regarded as a just metaphor object like the ≪ShiJing≫, not an independent object of analyzation. Though, it has distinctive features. we can consider as an origin of the nature poetry. Compared to the complete later nature literature of nature poetry, Qu・Song Fu is not fully developed as a nature literature. Nevertheless, it can be seen one of the early nature poetry. Because it reflects the sprit of the age in which activates nature literature. In this research paper, I want to focus on the possibility that this literature play a middle role which contributes later nature literature or nature poetry based on the nature description of Qu・Song Fu.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Formation and Mutation of Swallow Pavilion(燕子樓) Story

    Kwon, Ueng-sang | 2014, (65) | pp.31~58 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The story of Swallow Pavilion was originated from Bai Juyi(白居易)’s reminiscence of Guan Panpan(關盼盼). Being a very popular subject in the Song(宋) Dynasty, it became a full story by scholars of the time. Especially, 【Yongyule(永遇樂)】 Ci(詞) of Sushi(蘇軾) not only dedicated to the formation of Guan Panpan and the propagation of the story, but also made a major impact on becoming clue of the story' alteration during the Ming(明) and Qing(淸) Dynasty. Novels and dramas in the Ming and Qing Dynasty developed the story; Time of the story expands to afterlife, the place expands to celestial and underground, and the character expands to the gods from human. As the story develops and changes, so did the image of Guan Panpan. Figure of a sage, loyalty and a virtuous woman was added to the original image.
  • 3.

    A reasearch of ritual language in the chaper QiYe of Tsinghua bamboo

    황첨첨 | 2014, (65) | pp.59~81 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The chapter Qi Ye(耆夜) of Tsinghua bamboo(清华简) is an important document of poetic education in Zhou dynasty. Based on the research of text source and structure, this paper attempts to reveal the training of ritual and music language in this chapter, including “Xing”(兴), “Dao”(道) and “Song”(诵). On the one hand, the text is used to train the capacity of language in ritual ceremony. On the other hand, moral education is the main purpose of this text. This text proves that the “yueyu”(乐语) of The Chou Rituals(≪周礼≫) have two functions: language and moral education.
  • 4.

    A study on narrative and transformation of the dream in “TaoZhouYaoMeng Ji”: Psychological anxiety of modern intellectuals and buddhistic speculation

    Kim Young ok | 2014, (65) | pp.83~107 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    “Tao Zhou Yao Meng Ji” is a short novel written by Han Bangqing, serialized in Hai Shang Qi Shu, 1982. This work succeeded the narrative structure of the existing dream novel, at the same time created the unique ‘MengJing’. I attached importance to this ‘MengJing’ and analyzed Tao Zhou’s dreams. First, I analyzed the way of unfolding focussing on narrative form of the dreams. TaoZhou’s dreams are closely related to his room and his character. There are paintings in TaoZhou’s room, he dreamed a dream relating with these paintings. Also, He was very sensitive to the outside world. As a result, TaoZhou’s dreams were unfolded discontinuously in the plot and the flow of time. Second, I analyzed TaoZhou’s feelings focussing on the dream’s plot. TaoZhou’s dreams are showed his emotions, specifically, pleasure and anxiety. But Anxiety gradually encroached pleasure. As a result, TaoZhou could’t separated from reality and dreams, and suffered from neurosis. Third, I analyzed the cause of TaoZhou’s disease focussing on the end of this novel. The chief priest replied the cause of TaoZhou’s illness from the buddhism standpoint.
  • 5.

    The Research on Life and Works of The Female Writer Qian Fenglun In Qing Dynasty

    강유나 | 2014, (65) | pp.109~127 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In the Late Ming and Early Qing Dynasty, a lot of boudoir women emerged in the literature circles. Apart from their housework, they created poem, ci and articles. They also recited poems each other and the ethos of knowledgeable women forming association gradually prevailed. Qian Fenglun is the key member of a famous female poetry society, “Jiao Yuan Poetry Society”, in Early Qing Dynasty. She is good at both poem,ci and prose. Her existing works is Gu Xiang Lou Collection. Now there are some studies on “Jiao Yuan Poetry Society”, but these studies are the overall studies, the individual research about the members of this society is few. So this paper wants to study the key member of this society, Qian Fenglun. It has three parts. The first part researches on her life and family extraction. The second part mainly studies her marriage and children. The third part makes analysis and discussion on her poems, ci and articles, analyzes the artistic characteristics of her works. Concluding remarks summarizes the reasons of being famous as a female writer. Through Qian Fenglun, we can peek the women writers’education, marriage and literal activities in Early Qing Dynasty.
  • 6.

    A Study on Timely Inclination in Scholarship of Qing Loyalist, WangGuoWei: Focus on “ShuoWenJinxuzhuanwenheyiguzhoushuo”

    Young-Sub Lee | 2014, (65) | pp.129~166 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    As everyone knows, Wang Guowei(王國維) was one of the great scholars in modern China, who was very erudite. He was very accomplished in literature, philosophy, grammatology, and ancient history. Often, people pay attention to his scholarly accomplishments, but forget the fact that he was a representative Qing loyalist. This kind of approach hinders us from understanding the complete picture of his scholarship. Rereading his “ShuoWenJinxuzhuanwenheyiguzhoushuo”(≪說文≫今敍篆文合以古籀說), this paper reassesses his original analysis of Shuowenjizi (≪說文解字≫). Wang represented an objection against the established analysis. Especially, he did not agree on the established opinion that Xiaozhuan(小篆)s are main entries and Guwen(古文)s and Zhouwen(籒文)s are appended in the later parts. He thought that almost half of 9,353 characters in Shuowenjizi have just Guwen and Zhouwen, having no Xiaozhuan. Without total analysis of political situation of his time, currents of scholarly world, and his political disposition, this standpoint of his in grammatology cannot be understood properly. So, this paper shows that his political stance as a Qing loyalist exerted what kind of influence on his scholarly assertions, through considerations on his disposition revealed in “ShuoWenJinxuzhuanwenheyiguzhoushuo.” And this is also a proof that understanding about his other astonishing scholarly accomplishments needs the same approach.
  • 7.

    Mapping Alterity: Maps, Borders, and Social Relations in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms

    Bong, InYoung | 2014, (65) | pp.167~188 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This essay examines the role of maps and geographic knowledge in the perception of spatiality and social relations as represented in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms. The essay is structured in three parts. The first part probes the problematic nature of modern cartography in conjunction with modernity, introducing major scholarship on maps and cartography and then critically reviewing its limits, thereby contesting the dichotomy between modern and premodern mapping. In the second part, which focuses on the role of maps and geography in the development of the narrative, the essay addresses how geographic knowledge and cartographic power emerged as a new form of cultural competence, contributing to social and political life, military operations, and political aspirations for geospatial management and territorial expansion. The political leaders’ concerted efforts to recover the Central Plain (the Zhongyuan) embody their desire to control the center and to legitimize the Han’s claim of centrality for that region, the presumed origin of China. By discussing the intricate relationship between verbal language and visual language and the rhetoric of alterity used to portray the Man people with similes, the essay argues that the premodern logic and mechanisms of boundary making, based on the center‐periphery dichotomy and used to demarcate territorial or and cultural boundaries, were not dissimilar to those of modern times. Lastly, in grappling with the question of the significance of the novel’s representations of alterity, the essay explores how representations of cultural differences can be used to deconstruct the hierarchies that they are meant to establish. Thus, the significance of mapping does not necessarily reside in its utilization for ordering and hegemony, but for inquiring into the cultural potential for unmarking and decentering.
  • 8.

    The Edge of Chaos: An Analysis of Liu Zhenyun’s Yi ju Ding Yi wan ju

    김영철 | 2014, (65) | pp.189~212 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Looking into “Yi ju ding wan ju: A Top Ten Thousand” by Liu Zhenyun, based on Complex System, it can be concluded that Chinese agricultural society is on the “edge of chaos”. The author states that the “impossibility of communication” is the root of chaos. Like the title of this novel, nobody can expect to receive a sincere “word” when the people who we trust betray us. If this happens lower class people not only to high class people, the society are in danger of dissolution. Such a society is “nonlinear.” In a “nonlinear society,” experiencing lack of trust, nothing reasonable happens. People at the bottom there live abnormal and distorted lives. Because they cannot endure it anymore, those people try “chaotic wanderings.” In the course of the dissolution, they attempt to take alternative actions, “emergent behaviors,” of true communications, desire and love. However, their “emergent behaviors” fail in their hometown. Because it is difficult for the new attempts to be accepted in their hometown, which in on the “edge of chaos,” people leave there. In the last part of the novel, Niu aiguo leaves to find his new lover, Zhang chuhong. This is not a negative deviance but a creative chase and even a revolutionary leap. Therefore, “loneliness” in modern Chinese society is not destiny but a challenge.
  • 9.

    A study on Tie-ning’ How far is forever

    Choi Eun Jeong | 2014, (65) | pp.213~235 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper focuses on BaiDaxing(白大省)'s desire to change, meaning of it and an aspect of women's survival appeared in the process of realizing desires. Baidaxing's desire goes through the process of ‘becoming a good person’, ‘becoming-Xidanxiaoliu(西单小六)’, and ‘becoming a mother’. Her attempt to ‘become-something’ is a gesture trying to escape from the framework that defines her. However, it is distorted since she has been bound by the frame of patriarchy, failing to realize her desires and further generating alternative life. Through this, Tie Ning(铁凝) shows an aspect suggesting women still are the subject of ‘being showed’ and the fact of women's life internalizing it. In this sense, BaiDaxing's perspective on the reality of women's survival and the self-awareness of women coping with that fact is quite cold and objective. The meaning of BaiDaxing's description as a description of women's survival is in the very fact. However, the fact that Tie Ning concluded BaiDaxing's desire to change by ‘becoming a mother’ and granting meanings to it is somewhat problematic in that people can project emotional expectations of patriarchy internalized in ‘mother’ to women. This can lead numerous ‘BaiDaxing’ to settle in the ‘territory’ in which patriarchy assigns women by beautifying them into ‘goodness’ that human should preserve and maintain.
  • 10.

    Lin Shu’s Translation and Sinicized Adaptation: a Case Study on Bali Chahuanü Yishi

    Sojung Kim | 2014, (65) | pp.237~264 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Lin Shu is the most important forerunners in China's history of modern literary translation and his translation imported new ideas, literary styles from the West. Bali Chahuanü Yishi(The Lady of the Camellias) was the his first work and the first Chinese translation of a work of Western literature. After introducing Bali Chahuanü into China, it caused a great sensation. Then the image of Chahuanü, the Chinese another name of Marguerite, was constantly being recreated in drama and fiction during the late-Qing and early-Republican period. This article is an attempt to examine translation strategy of Bali Chahuanü Yishi cotranslated by Lin Shu and Wang Shouchang and published in 1899. Falling in sorrow of losing mother and wife, Lin Shu persuaded by the oral translator Wang Shouchang initiated translation. Therefore, Lin Shu transfer his sorrow into translation work and rewriting the source text La Dame aux Camélias by A. duma fils. This article examins the difference between the source text and the target text Bali Chahuanü Yishi. In the process of translating, in order to stresses a devotional act of Chahuanü to her lover Armand, Lin Shu resorted to such techniques as omission, abridging, addition, etc. As a result, Marguerite was transfigured a faithful subject to lover and a chaste Chinese woman.
  • 11.

    A comparative study on the mind united order of parity compounds in Korean and Chinese: Focusing on cognitive linguistic contrasts

    CUIYING | 2014, (65) | pp.265~288 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    There are parity compounds like밤낮, 여기저기, 오가다(night-day, here-there, come-go) in Korean. Parity compounds are composed of two single words that belong to the same category morphologically and semantically. Parity compounds do not exist only in Korean. There are parity compounds in Chinese, too. For example, 밤낮(night-day) is 晝夜 in Chinese whereas 오가다(come-go) is 来去. If the united orders of the parity compounds are compared, an interesting phenomenon appears. That is, some parity compounds are united in the same order while others are in the opposite order. For example, 오가다(come-go) has the same order in both Korean and Chinese. However, the Chinese counterpart of 밤낮(night-day) is 낮밤(day-night). The united orders of parity compounds are mostly the same in both Korean and Chinese. However, some are also in the opposite orders. The process of coining the compound words reflected some psychological effects. In the coining process of the parity compounds, people’s psychological mechanism is certainly reflected. Until now, most studies have been done on the morphology of the compounds in Korean linguistics. This paper intends to compare the united orders of the parity compounds in Korean and Chinese, find the ones with opposite orders, and explore the differences of people’s psychological mechanisms from a cognitive linguistics point of view.
  • 12.

    Synaesthetic Metaphor in Korean and Chinese Food Advertising

    Lee,Sun Hee | 2014, (65) | pp.289~317 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    A synesthetic metaphor means that a meaning is changed from one sense to another sense. This paper is a part of the research on the synesthetic metaphors appearing in Korean and Chinese advertisements, and on something common and different, and characteristics of the Korean and Chinese languages and cultures. This paper investigated synesthetic metaphors appearing in Korean and Chinese food advertisements by focusing on the sense of taste. Owing to the characteristics of food advertisements, the words in the advertisements were greatly related to the sense of taste, a flavor of food. Accordingly, most synesthetic metaphors had something to do with the transition from one sense to another. The survey result of this study revealed that more synesthetic metaphors appearing in food advertisements were found in Korean advertisements. Also it was found that the transition between senses was mostly in consistent with the synesthetic metaphors appearing in literary work corpora and dictionaries revealed in a previous study, but that the metaphors not used in general texts were allowed in the food advertisements.
  • 13.

    A Study on Time-quantity Sentences Based on Event Structure's Terminating・Non Terminating Features

    Gwon bu gyeong | 2014, (65) | pp.319~334 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The terminating or non-terminating feature of events is formed under the interaction between verbs and other complements. Conversely, the terminating or non-terminating feature has a decisive effect on the form of a sentence structure, therefore the syntactic and semantic feature of each complement or the combination between them must correspond with the terminating or non-terminating feature of events. Otherwise the sentences will not make sense. Based on this viewpoint, this paper studied the time-quantity sentences from the aspects of structure forms, the features of verbs and objects and aspect particle “Le”, etc. Conclusions are as follows. In structure of “V+O+C”, both persist verbs and non-persist verbs can be used, and sentences indicate atelic events. Therefore “Le” cannot be used after verbs or objects. But in structure of “V+C+O”, quantity complements appear after verbs, and it marks that the event is durative, so objects appear at the end of sentence to determinate the event. In addition, quantity complements can not come before objects in expressing the telicity of events because of the exclusiveness principle.
  • 14.

    Criticism on Chinese Characters Structure and Cultural Connotation

    왕동위 | 2014, (65) | pp.335~342 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    After his rich accumulation, Professor Liu Xingjun accomplished the great work: Chinese Characters Structure and Cultural Connotation. The characteristics of this work can be summarized as follows: (1) Good at introducing by cutting out the superfluous, giving the essential, choosing the good and the main line and the right way for the readers to grasp the knowledge. (2) We can find the thoughtful reviews and the detailed explain in the introduction. And the professor explained profound theories in simple words. (3) The professor gave us a lot of new answers on many questions through plenty of case analysis and theoretical research. (4) The content on comparative character in the book tells us that the professor has wide vision, and he had broken through the traditional research fields on characters.