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2014, Vol., No.67

  • 1.

    A Study on the phrase “Qing Xin Yu Kai Fu”:Literary Style of Yu xin’s Poetry

    노경희 | 2014, (67) | pp.5~34 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is intended to reveal Yu xin’s literary style and his literary feature, through the analysis of Yu xin’s poetry on the base of under- standing Du fu’s intention of poetic comment “qing xin yu kai fu”. The clear-fresh style evokes vivid and new impressions by euphonizing lines of verse, and by using a number of expressive techniques in his poetry. The splendid-sensuous style is the output of combination of his clear- fresh style and romantic passion. The mature-with-age style is the result of union between his clear-fresh style and true feelings, like lamentation over the national ruin, anguish of defection and the thinking of fatherland in his later years. Therefore the clear-fresh style is the dominant literary style in his poetry and the core of his literature.
  • 2.

    A Study of Canjun(參軍) Drama

    Kwon, Ueng-sang | 2014, (67) | pp.35~63 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Popular play of Tang(唐) Dynasty, Canjun drama was a comic play performed at the court originated from Actor(優) and Actor Play(優戱). Spirit of satire without upsetting power man was identity of this drama. Maintaining satire part regardless of change in content and formation was crucial. As politics shift as time passes by, however, Role of Actor in Canjun drama faced change as well: the fixed part was added for easier production, content of the play was diversified and more performing techniques were developed. True identity of Canjun drama faded away as it adapts to the new time period. Pungent satire was substituted by dry jokes and other techniques. Singing of actress was added in attempt to bring Canjun drama back, but it ended up merged into other plays in Song(宋) Dynasty. It does not mean Canjun drama didn’t dedicate in the history of Chinese drama. They should not take it for granted of the fact that Canjun drama has become nutritious element of performing arts in Song Dynasty and further periods. The play has carried on the tradition of Actor for a long time. It is evident that Canjun directly influenced Fuijing(副淨) as well as Clown which mainly consists of farces. You could say that humorous effect and satire in every old Chinese drama was anyhow affected by Canjun drama. These two factors were significant in attracting audiences regardless of the genre and the size of drama; small play led by actors and large play led by actresses. As follow, Clown is the preserve of Actor also inherited in tradition of ancient ‘Actor’. It’s unfortunate that Canjun drama could not developed as main frame of spoken parts of small play while large play had song and dance. We blame it for failure in maintaining the identity of Canjun drama.
  • 3.

    Plants in Chinese Literature Which Are Recognized as Different Plants by Koreans(2)

    PAENG,CHEOL-HO | 2014, (67) | pp.65~84 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Some plants in chinese literature are recognized as different plants by koreans. The plant called haedangwha(海棠花) in korean name is different from the plant called haitanghua(海棠花) in chinese name. The haedangwha(海棠花) is Rosa rugosa THUNB, and the haitanghua(海棠花) is Malus spectabilis. The dujuanhua(杜鵑花) in chinese literature is often translated into jindallae(진달래) in Korea. But the dujuanhua and the jindallae are different from each other. The dujuanhua is Rhododendron simsii Planch, and the jindallae is Rhododendron mucronulatum. The chinese plant name of zhizhu(躑躅)’s korean version is cheoljjuk(철쭉). But the plant name of zhizhu and cheoljjuk also are different from each other. The chinese zhizhu is Rhododendron molle (Blume) G. Don, and the korean cheoljjuk is Rhododendron schlippenbachii Maxim. The flower of zhizhu is yellow, and that of cheoljjuk is light pink.
  • 4.

    The Study on Du Fu’s Acceptant of Yu Xin:At the Gambal centric Angle

    PARK YU BIN | 2014, (67) | pp.85~112 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, an intrinsic category of Gambal was presented in a way that the common aspects inhering in both writer’s Gambal process and reader’s Gambal process were drawn, and the meaning of each process was understood and the relation of both was defined. In addition, Gambal-centric approach was taken toward two poetic figures, Du Fu and Yu Xin who were considered by the later criticism to have an intimate relationship of sharing the poetic and personal sympathy. The shared aesthetic experience between Du Fu and Yu Xin was that Du Fu discovered the potentiality that Yu Xin had put in his works, had an experience of Gambal as a reader, and based on which, he had an experience of Gambal in turn as a writer, resulting in its embodiment in his own works. It is understood that “Xiangguan zhi si,” “Confucian influence,” and “Gambal-created image” that were shared by the two served as underlying bosom that enables Du Fu to discover the potentiality that Yu Xin had put in his works, to have an experience of Gambal as a reader and as a writer.
  • 5.

    A study on the Current significance in “New Peking & <Luotuo Xiangzi>

    Kim Kyung Seog | 2014, (67) | pp.113~132 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    There Fiction “Luotuo Xiangzi” of Lao She is has a cultural value, such as documentaries about the civil society of Peking 1930. But meantime the evaluation of his work has been concentrated to identify the cultural values. Especially cultural policy with an emphasis on the ‘soft power’ in China was bring about distortions that limit the “Luotuo Xiangzi” phenomenon and the commodification of culture in Lao She cultural phenomenon called ‘京味(atmosphere of Peking culture/Peking flavor)’. Today ‘Three problem of rural community’ of China and represents the collapse of the rural society, the collapse of the rural communities and farmers have intensified the phenomenon farmhouse entering the city. Fallen peasants flowed into the city has not been incorporated into the civil society, and only reduced to the urban poor. Have “Luotuo Xiangzi” of Lao She was released in 1936, depicting the social implications Peking'30s, but “Luotou Xiangzi” that can have very large implications for the 21st century ‘農民工(laborer that from rural community)” problem in Peking. From this point of view, life in “Luotuo Xiangzi” that will be able to have simply meant that the social and cultural values, rather than stopping to.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Types and Characteristic of Jianghu inJin Yong’s Martial Arts Novels

    wookangsig | 2014, (67) | pp.133~154 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study surveys Jianghu as spatial meaning focused on ideal characteristic which Jianghu has. And it surveys a lot of Jianghu rules that exist in it. Knight -errant novel is a literature genre which is constructed with Jianghu people who is a main agent of act, martial arts which are ways of their act, and Jianghu which is a background of incident progress. Especially, Jianghu is a place not only with various cultural meanings but also with lexical meaning which means geographical meaning. Jianghu is a field of activity of Jianghu people and a place where Narrative progresses. Jianghu in Jin Yong’s martial arts novels is depicted widely enough to cover the entire China. Cave, cliffs, and secluded valleys as well as famous mountains are chosen by writers from geographical characteristics and are given a special meaning. Especially, cave, cliffs, and secluded valleys are scarcely visited and are beautiful places where other people can't find our easily. So writers can provide such remote places where a chivalrous person practices his martial arts without any interruption. Jianghu has its own rules as a nation has its rules. Although chivalrous persons in Jianghu seem to be free and they can live without any restraint, they do favor and spite and they keep a kind of promise and regulation. Based on these things, they can sustain orders in Jianghu.
  • 7.

    An Analysis of Affix “Zi” and affix “Er” in A Dream in Red Mansions

    徐颖 | 2014, (67) | pp.155~170 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper investigates all the words that have the same etyma yet different suffixes ‘Zi’ and ‘Er’ in “A dream of Red Mansions”. First, all these counterparts are picked out and divided into three categories, i.e., analogous, partially different, and entirely different. Then, a number of representative literatures are referred so as to analyze and compare the emergence and development of suffixes ‘Zi’ and ‘Er’. Our research proves that the suffix ‘Zi’ appeared earlier than the suffix ‘Er’. While ‘Zi’ developed a rich variety of usages, ‘Er’ emerged soon afterwards and gradually outnumbered ‘Zi’ in terms of word combination. Although ‘Er’ bears higher flexibility when served as a rhythm syllable, over time the two suffixes each developed unique meanings and it turned out that neither of the two has completely replaced the other. Our future plan is to investigate the historical interaction between suffixes ‘Zi’ and ‘Er’.
  • 8.

    A Study on Linguistic Study of Zhang-Huang School

    Haeyoung Kim | 2014, (67) | pp.171~193 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This article analyzes linguistic studies of Zhang-Huang School. Linguistic studies of Zhang Binglin and Huang Kan have following characteristics: At first, Zhang-Huang School considers historical implication of ‘Xiaoxue (Tranditional Chinese Linguistics)’, and attempts to give consequence to ‘Xiaoxue’. Second, Zhang-Huang School regards language and character as one nation’s history, so emphasizes the study of origin of Chinese language. And they strive to protect the purity of Chinese language. Lastly, Etymology of Zhang-Huang School was influenced by western language theory, and also influenced by traditional linguistics.
  • 9.

    The special glyph and grammatical features of≪Bai Xing Guan Hua≫

    원효봉 | 2014, (67) | pp.195~215 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper foucus on investing and analysing the special glyph and grammatical features in ≪Bai Xing Guan Hua≫. Five features are included in this paper: Firstly, in terms of character, besides a lot of variant chinese character, there are also some of them are not belong to popular form and variant chinese characters. Secondly, the using of a lot of interrogative sentence over and over again. Thirdly, the usage of the character “instead(替)” vividly reflected the whole process of transformation from verb word “instead(替)” to form word “instead(替)”. Fourthly, the japanese government recognised the importance of learning Chinese, and edited the teaching materials through the contents recorded in historical materials. Fifth, the books of ≪Guan≫, ≪Xue≫ and ≪Bai≫, which are collected in affiliated library of Japanese Tenri University, should be investigaed more about the mature age of Ryukyu mandarin materials. Aiming at above investigations, we can recognize the importance of ≪Bai Xing Guan Hua≫ for research modern chinese grammars. But further research and investigations are needed because of limitations of edition, this kind of research will have a great research values for investing historical grammars.
  • 10.

    An Analysis about the Grammatical Features of “SVOV得C”Construction in Chinese

    Sa Wiguk , LEE,Woocheol | 2014, (67) | pp.217~238 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This thesis researches 12 kinds of Chinese text books in Korea, and we can find all of the text books point that condition complement contains three constructions: SVOV得C, SOV得C, SV得C. The SVOV得C is a typical construction of the condition complement. Consequently many questions will appear, for example, all of the “V” in the SVOV得C can be left out? If the “v” can be left out, what’s the precondition? What is left out is V1 or V2? What are the preconditions that form SVOV得C to all kinds of the transformation constructions, for example S把OV得C, O被SV得C, SOV得C, OSV得C. Do all the transformation constructions have the same transformation preconditions? Can all of the constructions be used in the same environment of language? For the sake of elementary level Chinese teaching, the text books arrange the constructions only, but in the teaching aspect, this is not the endpoint of the condition complement. In connection with these questions, the thesis pivots on three-planes theory(syntactic, semantics, pragmatic), and starts from SVOV得C, does extension analysis about SVOV得C, each transformation construction, transformation precondition, each construction’s different pragmatic functions. So it’s necessary to supplement the learner with good constructions, good expressions of condition complement in conversation, writing etc.
  • 11.

    The Semantic Divergence of “Vqilai” and Their Syntactic Feature on Synchronic Plane

    Lee Hye Jung | 2014, (67) | pp.239~254 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper mainly discusses the semantic divergence of “qilai” on synchronic plane and explains the semantic and syntactic features of each variation. The main conclusions of this paper are as follows: “qilai” on synchronic plane can be subdivided as four types of variation: Resultative complement “qilai”; Phase complement “qilai”;Aspect marker “qilai”;Topic marker “qilai”, and shows the following development process among them: Resultative complement “qilai” > Phase complement “qilai” > Aspect marker “qilai” > Topic marker “qilai”. This development precess has led “qilai” into different degree of grammaticalization among variations, therefore, each variation shows differences in semantics and syntax.
  • 12.

    City Culture and Cultural Creative Industry in Hangzhou

    Bark, Jeong Hee | 2014, (67) | pp.255~277 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Hangzhou has plenty of unique cultural traditions and humanistic and natural resources. Efforts to restore the region by reinvigorating uniqueness of the city and promoting creativity of the citizens are reflected in the policies of the city of Hangzhou and have developed cultural and creative Industry in Hangzhou. Cultural and creative Industry in Hangzhou started from the early 21st century with voluntary movements of the city at first and later became a typical paragon which is led by the governmental support or initiatives. This study explores how Hangzhou, which has rapidly emerged as a creative city, has reconstructed its cultural identity in mass media and cultural industry using regional history and cultural resources and investigates the relationships between regional characteristics and regional cultural contents and the paradoxical relationship between regionalization and globalization.
  • 13.

    Brief Introduction of Chinese Literature Program in Korea and the Employment Rate

    임융지 | 2014, (67) | pp.279~304 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The birth rate in Korea is decreasing. Korea, after Taiwan, become the second-last country birth-rate among worldwide countries. Thus, there will be “University Dead Cross” happened, which expected in year 2017 in both Taiwan and Korea. In Taiwan, there will be over 50,000 university students less. Korea will having larger impact. Starting from this year, the education bureau in Taiwan and Korea start to plan the exit-mechanism for im-proper universities. Thus, there are many universities starts their education revolution. In past decade, each university in Korea all focuses on increasing its graduate’s employment rate. It links to the evaluation index directly. Thus, I’d like to further understand if there are any relations between current Chinese Literature department program and the employment rate. Perhaps there will be possible direction in future program design will be identified.