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2016, Vol., No.71

  • 1.

    A Study on The Calligraphy Aesthetic View through The Poems on Calligraphy of Su Shi

    Woo, Jae Ho | 2016, (71) | pp.5~30 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Among the poems of Su Shi who excelled in both poetry and calligraphy, 58 poems on 47 topics which had expressed views on previous calligraphers and calligraphy works were selected as poems on calligraphy, and Su Shi's aesthetic view of calligraphy was analyzed in this paper. Su Shi regarded Wang Xizhi as the exemplar of calligraphers and the Preface of the Orchid Pavilion Poetry Anthology as the exemplar of calligraphy works. Su Shi selected Yan Zhenqing and Liu Gongquan in the Tang Dynasty as the best calligrapher. In contrast, by undervaluing Huai Su and Zhang Xu considerably, Su Shi expressed his distinct view of calligraphy different from the contemporary general perception. Su Shi expressed his own aesthetic view of calligraphy different from that of the Tang Dynasty. Since he perceived calligraphy as the externalization of the knowledge and talent of a calligrapher, he placed emphasis on the self and put weight on handwriting of its own free will regardless of specific handwriting styles, and also placed emphasis on writing points and strokes freely without sticking to certain styles in handwriting. In calligraphy, he objected to valuing only grueling efforts and artificial elaboration, but instead, set a high value on naturalness.
  • 2.

    Analysis on the Nature Moral Conduct of Shishuoxinyu

    刁文慧 | 2016, (71) | pp.31~42 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The moral conduct in Shishuoxinyu was deeply affected by metaphysics, built Nature Moral Conduct by mixng Confucianism and Taoism, and the scholars in Late Han Dynasty became modals of moral conduct. The scholars in Wei and Jin Dynasty pursued the original idea of humanity and filial piety on the basis of Nature in daily life. There were two unconventionalities in Wei and Jin Dynasty: one unconven- tionality opposed to the Confucian etiquette and had a consistant goal with the Nature Moral Conduct; another unconventionality was self- indulgent and run counter to the Nature Moral Conduct.
  • 3.

    On the Masculinity Revealed in <Cry out if You're Happy>

    Choi Eun Jeong | 2016, (71) | pp.43~67 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Up to here, how the masculinity was established and realized by the protagonist of <Cry out if You're Happy>, Bianrongda(비엔롱다) was examined. Chili(츠리) expresses a skeptical perspective about the masculinity as a normative ideal through the process in which Bianrongda established the masculinity. In addition, she takes notice of the risk of the masculinity Bianrongda faces, and she anatomizes the duplicity of the involved masculinity. Particularly, Chili suggests the departure from the normative masculinity by leaving the protagonist, Bianrongda. However, there appear some cases of conformity to the hegemonic masculinity of the day at the same time. It is the case in that the male ego made up of leaving is also originally a genderized man and the one to obey the hegemonic masculinity. In short, it is said that Chili suggests an imaginary exit from a boring everyday life as well as reflects the crisis and chaos of Chinese middle-age men in the 1990~2000’s through the loss and recovery of masculinity of Bianrongda. The process exposes the duplicity of the masculinity of patriarchal societies and shows the masculinity can be a privilege and the oppression.
  • 4.

    Several problems on the Sokeum transcription reflected in Hongmujeongunyeokhun

    Yong-kwon Shin | 2016, (71) | pp.69~106 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    After the invention of Hunminjeongeum(訓民正音), King Sejong ordered a group of scholars, including Sin Suk-ju(申叔舟), to translate the Hongmujeongun(洪武正韻) into Korean. Translation and Annotation of the Hongmujeongun was completed in 1455, this book is Hong- mujeongunyeokhun(洪武正韻譯訓). In this book, the pronunciation devices in the Hongmujeongun were replaced by the Korean alphabet. And, in addition to the readings defined in the Hongmujeongun, i.e, the Jeongeum(正音, standard sound), the contemporary Mandarin readings were included under the name of Sokeum(俗音, popular sound). This paper aims to study the following problems about the Sokeum of Hong- mujeongunyeokhun. First, I will analyze a difference between Jeongeum and Sokeum in this book and be concerned with several problems about transcription. Secondly, I will scrutinize Chinese phonetic changes reflected in the fifteenth century published book. Finally, I am looking into the characteristics of the Chinese readings reflected in this books in connection with the motivation of publication.
  • 5.

    A study on the relationship between Chinese characters of ≪Zhuanjuege(篆訣歌)≫(1)

    Suh, Han‑yong | 2016, (71) | pp.107~131 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The ≪Zhuanjuege(篆訣歌)≫, quatrain with seven Chinese characters in each line, has the Gugyeols, a system for rendering texts written in the Zhuanshu(篆書) writing system into another understandable form of the Lishu(隸書) writing system and is the textbook for the learning of the Zhuanshu(篆書) writing system. The book was written in Kaishu(楷書) writing system by Ying Zai(應在) in Won Dynasty and the Zhuanshu (篆書) writing system was added and edited by Zhu, Zhi-fan(朱之蕃) in Ming Dynasty. Due to the addition of Zhuanshu(篆書) writing system by Zhu, Zhi-fan(朱之蕃), the book has undergone some radical changes in the seven texts such as ≪Zhuanfabianjue(篆法辨訣)≫ written in Kaishu(楷書) writing system by Ying, Zai(應在), Zhong Guoshibanben(中國石版本), Lindemingben(林得明本), Weichangduben(韙倡讀本), Weichang- chaoben(韙倡鈔本) written in Kaishu(楷書) writing system and Zhuanshu (篆書) writing system by Zhu, Zhi-fan(朱之蕃), ≪Zhuanfatanyuan(篆法探源)≫ written in Zhuanshu(篆書) writing system by Yang, Jia-xiang(仰嘉祥), and ≪Zhuanjuege(篆訣歌)≫ written in Zhuanshu(篆書) writing system by Han, Tian-heng(韓天衡). This article aims at analysing the relationship between Zhuanshu(篆書) and Kaishu(楷書) of ≪Zhuanjuege(篆訣歌)≫.
  • 6.

    The Sentence of “以” in Western Zhou Chinese ― Center on Shangshu and Bronze Inscriptions

    He Wei | JANG TAE WON | 2016, (71) | pp.133~161 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    There are roughly four usages for “以” the word in Western Zhou Chinese. First it alone can be used as a predicate in a sentence. In this structure it means “depending” or “using”. The meaning of “depending” or “using” are derived from “leading to”. Another three usages are “以” the word plus other verbs. One is that “以” the word plus objectis located before the other verb-object structure. In this essay we refer to as “以+object+V+O” structure. In this structure, the meaning of “以” of “leading to” is extended to “accompanied by” and “depending on”. Later “accompanied to” is extended to “and” and “with”. “depending on” is extended to “using”, “holding”, and “in order to”. Another usage is “…, 以+V+O”. This is in the format of brought forward omitted object. Later “可以”, “所以”, “以至”, and other words are all formed in this kind of structure. The third usage is “V+O+以+object”. This structure should be “V+O, 以+object” in Western Zhou Chinese. When “以” is after another verb or verb-object structure, it is still an independent clause in Western Zhou Chinese. It is until the Spring and Autumn Period when the structure of “V+O+以+object” was gradually being used. In this structure “以+object” can be viewed as preposition phrase post. In other words, it is at least until the Spring and Autumn Period when “以” became a postpositive preposition.
  • 7.

    An Analysis on the Descriptive Structure shown in “Zuo Zhuan”

    Sa Wiguk | 2016, (71) | pp.163~178 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In the ShangGu Chinese Age the Serial Verb Construction with the “action-effect” semantic relation is the direct source of the Verb- complement Structure, just the “action-effect” semantic relation let us find the fact that there is a close relation between the Serial Verb Construction and the Descriptive Structure. The Serial Verb Construction with the “action-effect” semantic relation is a result of the development of the Descriptive Structure with “action-effect” semantic relation. So just the internal semantic relation provides the meaning condition when the Descriptive Structure changes to the Serial Verb Construction. The internal semantic relation contained in the two simple sentences of the Descriptive Structure is different, the syntax structure is different too. These different syntax structure provides the syntax condition when the Descriptive Structure changes to the Serial Verb Construction. Even if the semantic relation is the same, but the syntax construction is different, so the pragmatic function of the Descriptive Structure and the Serial Verb Construction is different. So the syntax construction has no influence on the “action-effect” semantic relation, as a semantic clue the internal semantic relation penetrates the whole development process of the Verb-complement Structure constantly.
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