This thesis mainly solves two major problems. First, we will explain the reasons for the existence of three phenomena from the perspective of collocation frequency. For example, “HaoBu AnFen” means negative meaning, “HaoBu KuaiLe” means positive meaning, “HaoBu ZiZai” means both negative meaning and positive meaning; The second is to explain the negative meaning of “Hao RongYi” from the perspective of pragmatic frequency.
There is a high frequency of collocation between “BU” and “A(Moral word)”, So the structure between BU and A(Moral word) is compact, “BU” is a negative prefix for “A(Moral word)”, So “HaoBuA(Moral word)” is that “Hao” plus an egative structure, Thus, “HaoBu A(Moral word)” means negative meaning.
because of The frequency of collocation between “BU” and “A(Negative words)” is low, they're loosely structured, In history, “Hao” mainly modifies negative words, and “BU” has the possibility of being an affix,in addition, the Chinese culture has the habit of pursuing the symmetry of the double tone, So “HaoBu” becomes an adverb, Thus, “HaoBu A(Negative words)” means Certain meaning. And because of the analogy mechanism, When “A” is A positive word, it also means something.
In the historical literature, we find that the word “RongYi” is mostly used in negative, rhetorical and negative contexts, so it has negative semantics. Therefore, when it modifies the positive verb, it expresses the negative meaning and conveys the meaning: it is not easy to succeed. A negative or difficult conditional sentence is also shown or implied in a sentence. This is the effect of high frequency collocation. As for the word “HaoBu RongYi”, it is the latter people that considers the negative meaning of “RongYi” to be less obvious, thus adding a negative word to make the negative meaning explicit.