Zhao Zhi-xin is poet in the middle Qing. He has shown a sign of genius in writing since he was a child. He passed the exam at the age of 18 and went up to the rank of Youzhanshan. In 1689, at the age of 28, he was dismissed from his office because he had seen the play “Changshengdian” during the period of national mourning due to the emperor’s loss of his mother. After then He lived freely, traveling various places without going back to the public office. In this paper, I review Zhao Zhi-xin's works of poetry and his poetics. He was a nephew of Wang Shi-zhen, who was then the leading power of poetical circle, but Zhao was very different from Wang. Zhao Zhi-xin criticized Wang Shi-zhen's Shenyunshuo and insisted that his sincere feelings and actual situation should be portrayed into the poetry. He insisted in the “Tanlonglu” that “There should be people inside the poetry, and there must be work outside the poetry(詩之中須有人在, 詩之外須有事在.).” Therefore, his poetry has depth and power in the idea, and there are many works that reflect the suffering of the people. His books include “Yishantangji” and “Shengdiaopu”.