The characteristics of Huang Tingjian's Ci creation at his Relegation period
Huang Tingjian passed the Wutai Poetry Case, after about ten years of banishment, the writing of poetry and literature has changed a lot.
At that time, Su Shi and Su Men were worried that their own poems would become a problem again, did not want to write poetry, and Huang Tingjian also strictly restrained himself from creating poetry. From The first year of Shao Sheng to four years of Shao Sheng, until his death, we can see that Ci Writing were more active than poetry. This article is based on Huang tingjian's relegation Ci, research the creative characteristic of relegation Ci.
First of all, if you look at the sanctions and the nature of the content, After he was banished, he used a variety of topics from Bashu. Using the famous specialties of Bashu, tea, lychee, folk culture, and other distinctive features of the area as sanctions, Not only did the work expand the scope of its contents, it also produced works of historical value that made people see the life of the time.
Huang Tingjian also writes the relegation Ci in the way of Chang He(唱和) Ji Ju(集句) and Yin Kuo(檃括). These forms of writing Ci all begin with poetry, slowly use this way to writing Ci. Su Shi and his disciples were at the center of the beginning and development of this creative mode. He was also accept the creative attitude of “Taking poetry as Ci(以詩爲詞)” of Su Shi.
Huang Tingjian recognized original value of Ci and was faithful to original creative function and style of Ci. As a result, after he was eventually demoted, he wrote Yan Ci by graceful and restrained genre, it's about a variety of topics.
Huang Tingjian’s relegation Ci coexists with the creative characteristics of Shi Hua(詩化) and Ci Hua(詞化). These features allowed him to look at a side called “Bie Shi Yi Jia(別是一家)”, it could confirm his important position once again at the changing and developing period of the Northern Song Dynasty.