The purpose of this study is to investigate the speaking method on death and mourning in the literary works of elegy(哀悼詩) and funeral oration(哀祭文) of Bai Ju Yi.
The speaking method on death and mourning can be categorized in three phases. The first phase is to re-consider the life of the deceased, which means immortality in society. He was trying to find the existence value of the deceased. The second phase is the direct expression on grief in plain words, which implies human bond with the deceased. Logical disorder in his works is due to the straightforward expression of emotion.The third phase is the expression of passive nihilism. He was describing the helplessness through pessimistic attitude. This concept originated from the idea of two different ways of life and death(生死異路).
In conclusion, the speaking method on the death and mourning through these three phases implied the changed world view. Thus, this research gives a chance to re-evaluate Bai Ju Yi’s literary works.