This study focused on the Ci-poetry of Li Wen, one of “Yunjian Sanzi” that were active to create Ci-poetry those days, examined the meanings of his Ci-poetry as a deposit of sorrow, and tried to demonstrate that it already showed the developmental possibilities of Qing Ci-poetry. In other words, Li Wen personally witnessed the Ming-Qing transition and underwent complicated emotional changes, which were reflected on his Ci-poetry.
Li Wen could not resist the Qing Dynasty like Chen Zilong and held a government post in the new dynasty. Unlike Song Zhengyu who led a stable life as a government official, however, he kept having shame and conflict, which changed the thematic consciousness of his Ci-poetry. It shows the possibilities that Ci-poetry could serve as a means of literature to deposit the sorrow of intellectuals undergoing a huge historical event that was a change of dynasty beyond the literature for simple amusement.