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2018, Vol.4, No.2

  • 1.

    Relation between depression/anxiety and emotion regulation choice : Role of affective flexibility

    VHS Medical Center | 2018, 4(2) | pp.211~237 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The present study aimed to examine the preference for emotion regulation choice in depression and anxiety through an experiment and the impacts of affective flexibility. In this study, cognitive and affective flexibility was measured with a switching task. Additionally the preferred emotion regulation choice depending on negative emotional strength was measured using an emotion regulation task involving directly selection of reappraisal or switching strategy. The results showed that the high trait anxiety group preferred to switch away under low-emotion intensity compared to the low trait anxiety group. In particular, greater preference was related to lower switching away from the affective aspects of positive image. The depressed group was not different from the non-depressed group in terms of preference. However, their preference depended on switching away from the neutral aspects of negative image. This study emphasizes the importance of flexible emotion regulation choice and shows that affective flexibility, measured with emotional material, is closely associated with effects on emotion regulation choice in depression and anxiety. Moreover, this study implies that affective flexibility should be improved with flexible emotion regulation choice to regulate emotion adaptively.
  • 2.

    Difference in mentalization ability according to narcissistic tendency

    Jihye Choi | Song, Hyunjoo | 2018, 4(2) | pp.239~260 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study determined how mentalization abilities differ based on narcissistic personality tendency among college students. A survey was conducted involving 345 students enrolled in universities in Seoul and Gyeong-gi province; 25 of the students marked over the average breaking point, 2.74 in Pathological Narcissism Inventory(PNI), and belonged to the top and bottom 30% in narcissistic personality tendencies. To measure mentalization ability, this study used many different types of tools; Mentalization Questionnaire(MZQ), Metacognition Awareness Scale(MAS), Empathy Quotient(EQ-Short-K), Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test(RMET) and A novel cartoon-based task. First, as for MZQ, students with high narcissistic personality tendency showed a lower mentalization ability than did those with low narcissistic personality tendency. The criterion of MAS also showed significant difference between the groups, with the group having high narcissistic personality tendency conspicuously lacking the ability to recognize their own thoughts and emotions. Meanwhile, EQ-Short-K and RMET did not show any significant differences, and “guessing the right order” in A novel cartoon-based task did not show any significant differences among the groups. Exceptionally, in this task, cognitive and affective mentalization abilities showed significant differences. These results show that those with narcissistic personality tendency have defects in mentalization abilities to recognize and focus on their own or others' mental status, and lack the ability to represent it in a more accurate and detailed manner.
  • 3.

    Deficits of auditory time perception in patients with schizophrenia

    Sun Kyoung Shin | Myung-Sun Kim | 2018, 4(2) | pp.261~280 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study investigated the relationships between auditory time perception and neuropsychological functions in patients with schizophrenia using Synchrony/Asynchrony discrimination (SA) task, Temporal Order Judgment (TOJ) task and comprehensive neuropsychological tests. Participants were asked to respond whether two tones were presented simultaneously or not in SA task, whereas in TOJ task, participants were asked to judge which tone was presented prior to the other tone. Thirty patients with schizophrenia and 31 normal controls participated in this study. The schizophrenia group showed significantly lower accuracy rates than did the control group in both SA and TOJ tasks. Performance on the SA task was positively correlated with attention., whereas performance on the TOJ task was positively correlated with attention, memory, executive function. Moreover, performances on the SA task were negatively associated with P3 (hallucination) symptom, and performances on the TOJ task were negatively associated with positive symptoms, P3, general psychopathology, and total score of the PANSS for schizophrenia. These findings suggest that patients with schizophrenia have deficits both in discriminating between synchrony and asynchrony, and judging temporal order. In addition, deficits of auditory time perception in patients with schizophrenia were significantly associated with schizophrenic symptoms and cognitive dysfucntions such as attention and executive dysfunctions.
  • 4.

    The Relationships between Emotional Expressions, Interpersonal Problems and Pain Experience

    Jisoo Lee | Lee, Hoon Jin | Joon Deuk Lee | 2018, 4(2) | pp.281~305 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study aims to understand college students’ general pain experience in a broad context, including emotional expressions, interpersonal problems, pain catastrophizing, perceived entitlement to pain-related support, and pain-related support seeking behavior. One hundred and sixty nine college students who reported experiencing pain participated in the study. Ambivalence over emotional expressiveness and anger suppression significantly predicted pain catastrophizing even when the effect of pain severity was controlled. All domains of interpersonal problems were significantly correlated with pain catastrophizing tendency, but only friendly-submissive interpersonal problems were related to perceived entitlement to pain-related support. This study suggests that one’s general psychosocial features including emotional expressions and interpersonal problems can influence the experiences of pain and its expressions to others. The results would contribute to identifying a therapeutic entry point for a person suffering from pain. The implications and limitations of the study were discussed.
  • 5.

    The Mediating Effects of Aggression and Neuroticism in the Relationship between Childhood Bullying and Antisocial, Borderline Personality Traits

    Choi yeun su | You, Sungeun | 2018, 4(2) | pp.307~336 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of aggression and neuroticism in the relationship between childhood bullying and antisocial, borderline personality traits in adulthood. Totally, 696 adults completed self-report questionnaires, which included the Perpetration-Victimization of the Bullying Scale, the Diagnostic Test for Personality Disorder, the Korean Version of the Aggression Questionnaire (K-AQ), and the Korean Version of the Big Five Inventory (K-BFI). The study’s findings indicated that aggression partially mediated the relationship between childhood bullying behavior and antisocial personality, while aggression and neuroticism fully mediated the relationship between victimization of childhood bullying and antisocial personality. Similarly, aggression also partially mediated the relationship between childhood bullying behavior and borderline personality, while both aggression and neuroticism partially mediated the relationship between victimization of childhood bullying and borderline personality. In addition, the relationship between bullying victimization and antisocial, borderline personality was mediated by emotional aggression, not by physical or verbal aggression. These findings supported our hypothesis that childhood bullying contributed to the development of antisocial and borderline personality traits, which were mediated by aggression or neuroticism. Yet, the mediating role of neuroticism was revealed only in the relationship between victimization and borderline personality. This suggests that intervention programs to reduce aggression and neuroticism could be beneficial in preventing the development of antisocial, borderline personality traits among individuals who have experienced childhood bullying.