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pISSN : 2466-0787

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.9
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2019, Vol.5, No.1

  • 1.

    The effect of Self-focused attention on overgeneral autobiographical memory in depressive group

    Park Hyun | Shin, Hyunkyun | 2019, 5(1) | pp.1~16 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of self-focused attention on overgeneral autobiographical memory(AM) in depressive person through experiment. Overgeneral AM was classified as extended descriptions and categorical descriptions. The subjects(n=79) were divided into the depressive group and non-depressive group based on self-report measure of depression(BDI) scores and the participants of two groups were randomly assigned into the self-focused attention group and distracted group. Each group was manipulated in self-focused attention or distraction. Overgeneral AM were measured pre-and post-manipulation. The results indicated that overgeneral AM was increased more in depressive group than non-depressive group and the increased overgenerality in depressive group was attributable to the excess of categoric descriptions. And extended memory was not significant in self-focused attention group and distracted group. This study has proved experimentally the relation of self-focused attention, overgeneral autobiographical memory. Finally, Implication and suggestions for future research are discussed.
  • 2.

    Effects of Complex Trauma in Childhood on Depression and Hostility as Adults:The Mediating Effect of Internal-External Control

    Shim, Du Gyeong | Baek Yong Mae | 2019, 5(1) | pp.17~37 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of complex traumatic experiences during childhood on depression and hostility as adults and to verify the partial mediating effect of locus of internal-external control, which is considered a characteristic aspect of personality. For this purpose, 430 men and women in their 20s and 30s were sampled from Daegu and Gyeongbuk provinces, and the data from 407 participants were used in the final analysis. A trauma experience scale, locus of internal-external control scale, hostility scale, and depression scale were used as measurement tools. The mediating effect was analyzed using the structural equation model(SEM). The main results of this study were as follow. First, childhood complex trauma experience was positively related to external locus of control, depression, and hostility in adults and negatively related to internal locus of control. Second, both external and internal control partially mediated the effect of trauma on depression and hostility in adults. This suggests that the experience of complex trauma in childhood positively affects depression and hostility in adults through external control. In addition, even with complex traumatic experiences in childhood, depression and hostility in adults can be reduced if they have an internal locus of control. Based on these results, the implications, study limitations, and suggestions for future research were discussed.
  • 3.

    Influences of Emotional Vulnerability, Stress, and Body Dissatisfaction on Emotional Eating and Bulimic Tendency:Focusing on Female College Students

    Jin young Jeong | Lee, Hoon Jin | Park Seran | 2019, 5(1) | pp.39~63 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to understand emotional eating based on the diathesis-stress model and to investigate the relationship between emotional eating and bulimic tendency. This study explored the relationships among affect intensity, negative urgency, and emotional eating, and investigated the moderating role of body dissatisfaction in the relationship between emotional eating and bulimic tendency. In total, 192 female college students participated in this study. The main effect of negative urgency on emotional eating was significant, but the interaction effects were not significant. Body dissatisfaction showed a moderating effect in the relationship between emotional eating and bulimia nervosa. The implications and limitations of this study, as well as directions for future studies were discussed.
  • 4.

    Validation of the Night Eating Diagnostic Questionnaire (NEDQ) in Korea

    Hong, Hye Jung | Park Joong Kyu | 2019, 5(1) | pp.65~90 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to translate the Night Eating Diagnostic Questionnaire (NEDQ), developed (2001) and revised (2016) by Nolan et al., into Korean and to test its validation. After translating it into Korean, the NEDQ was distributed to 766 individuals, and 60 of the subjects took a test-retest with an interval of four weeks between the tests. The retest reliability coefficient was good. Correlation analysis was conducted to examine its correlations with the Korean Version of the Night Eating Syndrome Scale, which had been already developed in Korea, to test its validation. The analysis results showed significant correlations. Also, the NEDQ had significant correlations with negative urgency, depression, binge eating, BMI, and eating expectancy. Since previous studies on eating disorders reported higher prevalence in women, the present study analyzed gender differences on the NEDQ to see whether such differences would also be found on the Night Eating Syndrome Scale. Female college students scored significantly higher on average than their male counterparts. Male college students, however, scored higher than females on negative urgency, eating expectancy, and binge eating in cases of serious Night Eating Syndrome; this is because men have insensitive attitudes toward their eating behavior and negative urgency, thus neglecting these and reaching serious levels. The present study is significant in that it conducted validation research on the Night Eating Syndrome Questionnaire in Korea, providing a clinically useful instrument. In addition, it checked the clinical influence of psychological traits contributing to the syndrome, offering specific interventions to individuals with the issue of repeating night eating.
  • 5.

    The effects of Behavioral Inhibition and Parental Psychological Control on Social Anxiety: the mediating role of Negative Self-concept and Need for reassurance from others

    Kyung Ran Byun | KIM, EUN JUNG | 2019, 5(1) | pp.91~115 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    This study examined whether negative self-concept and need for reassurance from others sequentially mediate the relationship among behavioral inhibition, parental psychological control and social anxiety in college students. To examine this hypothesis, 285 college students completed the Retrospective Self-Report Inhibition(RSRI), Psychological Control Scale-Youth Self-Report(PCS-YSR), Negative Concept of Social Self(NCSS), the Revised Martin-Larsen Approval Motivation Scale(RMLAM), and Social Phobia Scale(SPS). The results indicated that behavioral inhibition had a direct effect on negative self-concept, need for reassurance from others and social anxiety; at the same time, it had an indirect effect on social anxiety that was mediated by negative self-concept and need for reassurance from others. Maternal psychological control only had an indirect effect on social anxiety, mediated by negative self-concept and need for reassurance from others. These results suggest significant clinical implications for therapeutic interventions for social anxiety, indicating the importance of considering various factors interacting with behavioral inhibition in the generation of social anxiety.