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pISSN : 2466-0787

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.9
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2020, Vol.6, No.1

  • 1.

    Validation of the Extended Responses to Positive Affect Questionnaire

    Yun-Jeung Jang | Seong-Hoon Hwang | 2020, 6(1) | pp.1~29 | number of Cited : 0
    While difficulty with emotional regulation is well-known to be one of the mechanisms contributing to onset and maintenance of various mental disorders, difficulties in controlling both positive and negative emotions are also gaining attention. One of the self-reporting measures of difficulty in controlling positive emotions is the Responses to Positive Affect questionnaire (RPA). This study aimed to develop an extended version of the RPA by adding five questions reflecting dampening of strong positive emotion and intended to confirm its construct and incremental validity. The application of the exploratory factor analysis and exploratory structural equation model (ESEM) to 298 cyber university students resulted in a three-factor structure for the extended RPA: positive rumination, dampening, and extinguishing strong positive emotion (the 5 additional questions comprised this factor). After performing confirmatory factor analysis in the separate sample of 227 cyber university students, the suitability of the three-factor model was deemed appropriate. We also performed a hierarchical regression analysis to see if the extended RPA contributed to the explanation of the mechanism of the pathology above the previous version. As a result, the 'extinguishing strong positive emotion’ subscale made a significant additional contribution to the explanation of bipolar disorder and difficulty in controlling positive emotions beyond the existing RPA, supporting an incremental validity. Finally, this study’s clinical implications and limitations were presented, as well as suggested directions for follow-up research.
  • 2.

    Decision-making deficits in binge-drinking college students: Iowa gambling task and prospect valence learning model

    Min Seok Park | Myung-Sun Kim | 2020, 6(1) | pp.31~48 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigated deficits in decision-making in binge drinking (BD) college students, using the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and the Prospect Valence Learning (PVL) model. Based on the Korean version of the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT-K) and Alcohol Use Questionnaire (AUQ) scores, BD (n = 40, 19 males and 21 females) and non-BD (n = 40, 6 males and 34 females) groups were determined. The IGT consisted of four cards, with two disadvantageous cards (A and B) resulting in a net loss, and two advantageous cards (C and D) resulting in a net gain. Decision-making ability was measured by the total net score and block net scores of the IGT. The PVL parameters, including feedback sensitivity, loss aversion, learning and response consistency, were estimated with the Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) sampling scheme using OpenBUGS software in the BRugs package, which works from within R. The Mann-Whitney U-test was then used to analyze PVL parameters. The BD group exhibited a significantly lower total net score and block net score in the third block of the IGT, and selected the B card more frequently than the non-BD group. Additionally, the BD group had significantly lower values for feedback sensitivity, loss aversion, and learning parameters of the PVL model. Significant positive correlations between the total net score of the IGT and the values of the four PVL parameters were observed in all participants. These results indicated that college students who engeged in BD experienced deficits in decision-making, possibly explained by their failure to learn the expected value of each card and apply the experiences of previous trials to the present trial.
  • 3.

    The Relationship between Socially Prescribed Perfectionism and Social Anxiety: The Mediating Roles of Self-blame and Perfectionistic Self-presentation

    Eunjin Lee | Sung-Doo Won | KIM, EUN JUNG | 2020, 6(1) | pp.49~67 | number of Cited : 0
    This study investigated the mediating roles of self-blame and perfectionistic self-presentation on the relationship between socially prescribed perfectionism and social anxiety to form an integrated understanding of the related cognitive mechanisms. A total of 347 undergraduate students completed questionnaires assessing the tendencies of socially prescribed perfectionism, social anxiety, perfectionistic self-presentation, and self-blame. Using structural equation modeling, the results indicated that self-blame and perfectionistic self-presentation sequentially mediated the effect of socially prescribed perfectionism on social anxiety. Additionally, self-blame partially mediated the relationship between socially prescribed perfectionism and perfectionistic self-presentation, and perfectionistic self-presentation partially mediated the relationship between self-blame and social anxiety. Furthermore self-blame demonstrated larger mediating effects than other mediating paths. These findings suggested that interventions to prevent individuals with socially prescribed perfectionism from developing social anxiety symptoms (e,g., compassion-focused therapy) should focus on reducing self-blame and perfectionistic self-presentation. The study’s limitations and future directions for research were discussed.
  • 4.

    Influence of Dating Violence on the Borderline Personality Tendency: Moderated Mediating Effect of Complex Posttraumatic Stress through Resilience and Social Support

    Gi-Eun Lee | Jong-Hyun Lee | Do-Yeon Kim | 2020, 6(1) | pp.69~96 | number of Cited : 1
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of dating violence on individuals with borderline personality tendency through complex posttraumatic stress. In particular, this study examined the moderated mediating effect of complex posttraumatic stress through resilience and social support on the influence of dating violence on borderline personality tendency. For this purpose, 436 unmarried women aged 20-39 years who had experiences of dating violence were measured and analyzed levels of dating violence, complex posttraumatic stress, borderline personality characteristics, resilience, and social support. The results of the analysis were as follows: First, a statistically significant relationship was shown between the variable of dating violence, borderline personality traits, and complex posttraumatic stress levels, and these showed a negative correlation with resilience and social support. Second, among the types of dating violence assessed, only emotional violence significantly predicted complex posttraumatic stress and borderline personality tendency. Third, the full mediation effect of complex posttraumatic stress was confirmed in the relationship between dating violence and borderline personality tendency. Fourth, there was no moderating effect of resilience and social support on the path from dating violence to complex posttraumatic stress. However, it was confirmed that the complex posttraumatic stress level that fully mediated the dating violence had a moderating effect on the borderline personality tendency. Fifth, as a result of verifying the moderated mediating effect, it was further confirmed that when the resilience and the social support levels were high, the effect of dating violence mediated by complex posttraumatic stress on the formation of borderline personality tendency was mitigated. Finally, this study suggested the implications for counseling and psychotherapy interventions for victims of dating violence in the future.
  • 5.

    The Relationship between Covert Narcissism and Psychological Well-Being: Mediating Effects of Beliefs about Emotional Expression and Experiential Avoidance

    Goeun No | Doyoun An | 2020, 6(1) | pp.97~115 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of beliefs about emotional expression and experiential avoidance on the relationship between covert narcissism and psychological well-being among adults. The data consisted of 346 (173 male and 173 female) drawn for the in Seoul and Gyeongnam regions. Their self-report data were analyzed using SPSS MACRO PROCESS. The results indicated that the mediating effect of beliefs about emotional expression between covert narcissism and psychological well-being was not significant. However, the mediating effect of experiential avoidance between covert narcissism and psychological well-being was found to be significant. Furthermore, the dual-mediating effect of beliefs about emotional expression and experiential avoidance was also revealed as significant, and covert narcissism directly predicted psychological well-being. Finally, the implications and limitations of this study as well as suggestions for intervention were discussed.