This study aimed to find out the relationship between depression, daily stress, and neurotic tendencies as a contributing factor to adolescents’ suicidal ideation. It conducted survey twice over three months as a short-term longitudinal design. It was designed to find out the changes and factors that affect suicidal ideation in adolescents. 427 male and female high school students in four high schools in Daegu and North Gyeongsang Province collected data consisting of suicide ideation scale, depression scale, daily stress scale, and neurotic tendency scale. The current status of suicidal ideation surveyed across gender and grade, there were no differences. Correlational and hierarchical regression analysis were performed to identify the factors that affect suicidal ideation at time 1 and 2 which are the main concerns. The results were as follows; There were significant positive correlations among suicidal ideation, depression, daily stress, and neurotic tendencies. According to the hierarchical regression analysis at time 1, depression, daily stress, and neurotic tendencies led them to suicidal ideation. The suicidal ideation at time 2 showed a significant amount of explanation in the order of suicidal ideation at time 1, depression, daily stress, and neurotic tendencies. However, the suicidal ideation between time 1 and 2 was maintained for three months without change. Based on these findings, we discussed current issues and suggestions for further research.