This researcher examines the political actions of civil society that can over- come the sentiments of red-phobia and red-hatred of far-right Protestants in the light of the concepts of Arendt’s “amor mundi” and Rousseau’s “civil religion”.
Civil society can be said to be a “middle-level realm” that exists between the state and private realms, and basically respects the just and legitimate authority of the state and recognizes and respects the law. At the same time, civil society is the fi- nal bastion of organizing resistance against dictatorship of unjust and arbitrary state power, and it is also the subject that rejects the rule of unjust laws. Civil so- ciety is also a key support force of democracy that justifies state power based on the rule of law for just power. Civic consciousness, the virtue of civil society, is to prioritize the common good as an ethical factor that makes people like a citizen, and places the values of responsibility, diversity and tolerance at the public level, pursues common interests and, in some cases, can lead to disobedience and re- sistance against the abuse of public power. Through this article, this researcher urges that we Christians, as citizens of civil society, fundamentally question the cultural and religious ethos that hate humans, and to become awake citizens who can resist them with words and actions.