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2004, Vol.8, No.

  • 1.

    The Christian Ethical Reflection of the Disabled People Matter and the Future perspective

    YOUNG SANG RO | 2004, 8() | pp.7~24 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to examine church's past opinions of people with disabilities and to reflect them. The contents of this article are as follows. 1. Preface 2. Ancient People's Attitude toward People with Disabilities 3. The Jewish Society of OT Times and the Matter of People with Disabilities 4. Jesus' Attitude toward People with Disabilities 5. Early Church's Attitude toward People with Disabilities 6. The Attitude toward People with Disabilities in the Middle Age 7. The Attitude toward People with Disabilities in the Reformation Era 8. The Attitude toward People with Disabilities in the Modern Period 9. The Contemporary Attitude toward People with Disabilities 10. The Reflection of the Churches' Attitude toward People with Disabilities in Church History 11. The Christian Ethical Reflection of the Disable People Matter and the Future Perspective I concluded with the following words, "All of us as well as the people of disabilities are not the beings, who can live independently one another. We are the interdependent beings, who can exist through sharing and helping one another. As well as we do not have to isolate the disable people from the people without disabilities, we do not have to emphasize only individualistic independency. As we are the interdependent beings like friends for one another, we have to take charge of mutual weakness."
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    Community based Support for Family of Child with Special Needs in Cheonan-Asan Area

    choi min suk | 2004, 8() | pp.51~72 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Along with the birth of child with special needs, a family comes to face many problems that are difficult. In terms of these family matters, there is a case for which a family solves by itself, but in many cases, the systematic support for a family is required. The objective of the support for a family comes to focus on the ability that a family ultimately can solve problems by itself, with lowering the dependency on an expert. Supporting a family aims to optimize the development of children, by allowing the stress of a family to be reduced through this support, the function of a family to be normalized through this, and finally the parent-children relationship to be efficient. The Doble ABC model, the cognitive-phenomenological model, and the family-support model by Dunst, Trivette and Deal, which were exhibited in this study, presented a theoretical basis that the social support reduces the stress of a family and how useful it is to the function of a family. Accordingly, this study tried to grasp the realities of official-and-unofficial social support in Cheonan-Asan area, and as a result of that, the official-and-unofficial support is very meager, and this support was not being attained collaboratively and systematically centering on community. Aiming to solve this problem, the nation needs to activate the official support that can meet the needs, by understanding the number of target families that require the family support and by analyzing their needs. Also, it is desirable for various groups to share information aiming at the unofficial support and to make up the community conference group aiming to carry out the family-support program.
  • 4.

    A Study on the White Lies in the Old Testament

    Nam Il Kim | 2004, 8() | pp.73~92 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The Lies are prohibited ethical problems in the Bible. Because of God is faithful so he never accept it. However we can find easily the lie that writer never judges. Commonly it concerned to good lies(so called 'white lies'). Why the Bible is keeping silents about it? Is it mean exceptions? Or ethical criteria of the Bible is handling by context like situation ethics? The Bible says the cause of silent is neither unconcern nor contradictions. Rather the Bible is questioning to us "what is important thing? purpose or processing?". If purpose is important it should be nothing, but processing is important it is wrong also. But the Bible is keeping silents also. We can see same problems also in Rahab's narrative(Joshua 2:1-7). Surely Rahab told lie. But YHWH never rebuked her and punished. Is it mean God accept white lie? If somebody want to keep faith through lie, is it wrong or wright? At any late the Bible said Rahab was saved by her faith. I wanna to make conclusion by mentioned Asa Mahan's opinion about it. Asa Mahan's thinking is not completely one but one of solutions.
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    A Theological Investigation of the Perspectives of the Bible, the Roman Catholic Church, and the Reformers on the Natural Law

    Hee-Soo Kim | 2004, 8() | pp.93~116 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    According to the Christian tradition, natural law is a law of justice or a moral principle printed in the human heart from birth by God. Christian theological tradition has thought that the law of God is also printed in the human heart by considering the intense connection between God and human beings. Therefore, they thought that the rational moral law which judges good and evil and right and wrong has been printed in human mind as the law of nature is given to the nature to control it. And they thought that human beings can recognize the natural law by their reason. The theological tradition of the Roman Catholic Church and the Reformers recognize that there is the natural law given by God. They generally agree that human beings can realize the natural law by themselves without the help of the supernatural revelation. Yet, the Reformers emphasize that the ability of human reason has been weakened by the fall thus they need the help of the supernatural revelation for the full understanding of the natural law. This thesis will investigate the Christian view on the natural law by studying the resources of the Bible, the Roman Catholic Church tradition and the Reformers.
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    A Proposal 'Responsible Christian Political Ethics'

    Moon, Si Young | 2004, 8() | pp.117~146 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    There are so many requests for political ethics in Korea. Particularly, Christians responsibility for ethical politics and future of political culture needs so urgently. Now we must give some answer or moral insight for this context. But this study is not column for mass-com but some theoretical research for ethic of responsibility. In this context, this study propose "Responsible Christian Political Ethics". It has four focuses. First, the motive is realistic concern about political reality. In this section, the theoretical base is applied from Reinhold Niebuhr's Christian realism and Max Weber' ethic of responsibility. Second, the character is responsiveness. It's theory derived from H. Richard Niebuhr's concept of man-the answerer and importance of social responsibility of Larry May. Third, the tense is future. Particularly, the concept of responsibility for next generation or future of Hans Jonas is very important. Fourth, the main subject is political power under responsibility. W. Schweiker's integral theory of responsibility is the base of this section. And this paper is a study on application of these theories. For example, collective egoism, human rights, war and peace. etc. Of course, there will be some other issues for political ethics in Korea. Responsible Christian Political Ethics can be applied it's ethical insight for development of political ethics. Conclusion of this study is this: Christian political ethics is the condition of right political culture, Christian must be responsible for transformation of political culture. Specially, in Korea, Christian have little concerning about political reality. Korean Christian must to have participative and responsible concern about political reality for realization of God's will.
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    The Problems of the Objective Interpretation of Attributes in Spinoza

    박삼열 | 2004, 8() | pp.147~184 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In this essay I argue that there is a more subtle and complex view of love implicit in the Ethics. A third type of love. which may be characterized as "self-determined," serves to mediate between the extremes of what Spinoza calls the "common sort of love" and the intellectual love of God. Before this more subtle view of love as potentially self-determined can be developed we will need to examine Spinoza's views on the nature of the emotions. Specifically, it will be crucial to show that the distinction between active and passive emotions, and hence between active and passive types of love, is indeed tenable. For this distinction to be possible, it will need to be shown that Spinoza's conceptual framework can allow for the possibility of at least limited human freedom. Based on Spinoza's view of the emotions, we will be able to sketch a taxonomy of love in the Ethics, contrasting self-determined love with both the common sort of love and the intellectual love of God.
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    A Comparative Study of the Ecological Ethics of Jesus Christ, Assisi of Francis and A. Schweitzer in Christian Greening Tradition

    석창훈 | 2004, 8() | pp.217~238 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Love is the center of the gospel and christianity. All creatures, human and other kind, are grounded in God's love. Modern christian are responsible for the integrity of Creation because the global ecosystem falling into a crisis situation. The purpose of this study compare the ecological thought of Jesus Christ, Assisi of Francis, and A. Schweitzer. First of all, Jesus Christ is the mediator of creation and the ecologist. He actually lived ecological life in Nazareth and preached good news with ecological metaphors. Francis of Assisi(1181?-1226) is frequently treated in the ecological sensitivities as a nearly isolated examples of ecological responsibility in sea of christian exploitation of nature. He is an embodiment of christianity's ecological promise. Francis's affinities were cosmo-centric and bio-centric. Albert Schweitzer (1875~1965) broadened the meaning of love to cover moral responsibility to every organism, The ethics of Reverence for Life is the ethics of love widened into university. The ecological life and message of Jesus Christ, Assisi of Francis, and A. Schweitzer are lead to the christian ecological ethics of authentic wellbeing.
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    The Nature and Prospect of Christian Ethics - from the Perspective of Christian Philosophy

    Kyung Jik Lee | 2004, 8() | pp.239~268 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this article lies in showing that the ethics of Christians is the only true ethics and that the ethics of non-Christians absolutize an aspect of the christian ethics which includes three aspects, namely, situational, normative and existential aspect and distort the totality of the christian ethics. I follow the framework of John Frame who understands three kinds of ethical theory, namely teleological, deontological, existential ethics as an important aspect of christian ethics. I try to show how the three aspects of christian ethics are organically interrelated and that these aspects correspond to the three persons of the trinity. I hope that this framework can show the superiority and the perfectness of christian ethics compared to other non-christian ethics. This can be used as an effective apologetics to non-Christians. "If you want to live ethically, you should correct your ethical framework which shows only one aspect of true ethics. Christian ethics can be an answer to you." This apologetics should be done
  • 11.

    An Ethical Research and Evaluation of the Sex Trafficking in Korea

    Janghyung Lee | 2004, 8() | pp.269~292 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is ethical survey and evaluation of the sex trafficking in Korea. The sex trafficking, ruin, harlotry, prostitution, streetwalking contain similar concepts. These things are illegal acting according to the law of Anti-Prostitution Act. But there are many women relating to illegal jobs. We have to solve the problems, it is not easy. The reasons of problems are very complicate and diverse.Actually, We can see three kinds of attitude in the issues. First is a liberal view point. Second is a social feministic view. Third is a radical woman-liberalism. In Kathleen Barry's studies, there are four steps of distancing, disengagement, dissociation and disembodiment. The Sex trafficking is related with social, economical and political circumstances. So We need to use the methods of individual and social ethical approaches.
  • 12.

    From 'Minjung' to 'Life' : Kim Ji Ha's Influence on the Development of Korean Theology

    Dong Min Chang | 2004, 8() | pp.293~322 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Kim Jiha is one who brought one of the most serious controversies into the Korean modern history of social and religious thought. His ballade, "Chang Il Tam Story" gave much influence on the development of Minjung theology in 1970's. His proposition, "Minjung is the agent of historical reformation," helped theologians to set up the Minjung concept. His theory of "dialectic of Han(suffering) and Tan(extinction)" clarified the point of Minjung theology, "self-transcendence of Minjung."After a long period of imprisonment, Kim Jiha converted himself from Minjung-centered thought to Life-centered thought. He tried to comprehend Minjung with Life. According to him, Life is soaked into all lives, from animals to plants, from inorganic matters to machinery. Human beings are the end of naturalistic evolution and also should be perfectly harmonized with nature.I believe there are some serious defects in Kim Jiha's Life thought. ① When he says that Life is in everything in the world without distinction, lives could be endangered, because the circle of life is destroyed. ② The relationship between nature and man, who practises ethic, language, science with his self-consciousness, is obscure. I suggest that the view of life and man in traditional Christianity can provide wisdom for solving such problems.
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    A Social Situation of the Migrant Workers and Foreign Scientists in the City of Deajeon and the Tasks of the Local Churches

    Yong-Hun Jo | 2004, 8() | pp.323~350 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    We can assume there are approximately 3,000 migrant workers and 500 foreign scientists and engineers in the city of Daejeon, in Korea. But they suffer from lower wages, forced labour, industrial accidents and inferior living conditions. Now the mission for them became the new mission task for the Korean church.The theological tasks for the effective mission to migrant workers and foreigner scientists and engineers are as following: Firstly, as a holistic mission theology, missio dei includes evangelism and protection of human rights. And the special mission working for the foreign scientist and engineers demands the tent-making mission theology. Secondly, all persons, regardless of their nationality, sexuality and social status are entitled to fundamental human rights. If we discriminated migrant workers and foreigner because they are not born in Korea, we did commit a sin to God. Thirdly, as Christian social service, diakonia seeks care and service to the least people, namely migrant workers. Fourthly, hospitality to the foreigner is the hand downed virtue from the ancient Christianity and should to be recovered by the Christianity today to face the global age. Lastly, Korean churches should develope the multi-cultural and multi-religious theology and attitudes, because most of migrant workers are Asian, and religiously, muslim, buddhist or hindi.
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    Confucianism and Christianity on Popular Culture

    Taeyon Choi | 2004, 8() | pp.351~376 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper I discuss how Confucianism and Christianity view the popular culture. Confucianism is a cultural religion which estimates the cultural value very highly. But I find two paradoxal perspectives on popular culture in Confucianism. On the one hand Confucianism has been acknowledged the rights of ordinary peoples. On the other hand it estimates the mass media in the modern capitalistic society negatively. As the result Confucianism can not find the way of the positive approach to the popular culture in spite of its potentiality. Christianity also has been developed the various attitudes to the secular culture. Among them I find a positive attitude to the secular culture in the Reformed worldview. Especially the dogma of 'general revelation' and 'common grace' give the way of positive approach to the popular culture. Recently Korean Christians have been used more and more the popular culture positively. Such a difference of the cultural attitude would have influence on the future of religions in Korea.
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    A Comparing Study about the Movement of Jesus' Kingdom and Korean Churches' Tong-il

    Seong, Shin-Hyung | 2004, 8() | pp.377~413 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    이 논문은 연구는 현재 미국의 제국주의 정책에 대한 미국의 여러 신학자들이 비판을 바탕으로, 한국 교회의 통일 운동과 예수의 하나님 나라 운동을 비교 연구하는 글입니다. 우선, 서구 개인주의 사회의 예수에 대한 개념을 비판하면서, 예수의 정치적인 상황, 즉 로마 제국의 식민지배 상황이 예수의 하나님 나라 운동을 로마 제국에 저항하는 운동으로 발전시켜 가고 있으며, 예수의 하나님 나라 운동의 구체적인 사역 예언자적 사역, 제사장적 사역 들이 로마 제국에 구체적으로 어떻게 저항했는지를 살펴보았습니다. 그리고, 한국 교회의 통일 운동이 예수의 두 가지 사역과 비교해서 어떠한 의미를 가지고 있는지를 살펴보았습니다. 첫번째로 한국 교회의 1988년 평화 통일 선언이 가지고 있는 예언자적인 성격을 살펴보았고, 다음으로는 1993년부터 시작된 남북 나눔 운동을 예수의 제사장 사역과 함께 연결해서 살펴보았습니다. 통일 선언은 한국교회 최초로 한국 사회의 구조적인 죄악, 즉 분단의 문제를 회개하면서 민족의 아픔을 철저하게 되돌아보는 선언으로서 예언자적 의의가 크며, 남북 나눔 운동은 한국 교회의 아픔을 치료하고 민족 전체의 삶을 보살피는 운동으로서 충분히 제사장적인 역할을 하고 있습니다.