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2006, Vol.0, No.11

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    An Ethical and Cultural Reflection on Euthanasia with Dignity

    Moon, Si Young | 2006, 0(11) | pp.71~90 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This paper has a suggestive perspective to the ethical debate about euthanasia. Generally speaking, the concept analysis or subdivision is the main stream of approaches to the problem of euthanasia. Of course, the concept of euthanasia has diverse meaning according to patient's will and medical methods. But the crucial concern on euthanasia seems to be the con or pro decision-making. It includes so many factors, for example, the living will, the ethical and religious dispositions of the family, and economic conditions, etc.This paper argues that the social and cultural factors are very important aspects in the ethical reflections on euthanasia. Especially, the changes of culture and social conditions are the most meaningful factors, for example, medical and bio-technological developments and the changes of the consciousness on ending life. In short, cultual changes invites us to new view of death; dying is no longer something that happens to us but something to we do.Now, the proposals of this study are summarized as follows: (1)we must have deep concern on social and cultural factors in dealing with the ethical problems of euthanasia. (2)Christian ethics have to study the theological correspondent strategy to cultural changes in the sphere of bio-medical ethics also. And (3)Christians must to give the practical alternatives for the social and cultural changes in bio-medical problems. For example, hospice movement, welfare for the aged etc. must be study and practice by church communities.
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    Argument for the Abolition of the Capital Punishment based on Christian Forgiveness

    Changhoon Seog | Je,Seok-Bong | 2006, 0(11) | pp.91~115 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    There is debating whether the capital punishment system is another violence by state power or it is a necessary evil for the public order in Korea. Some people insist that the capital punishment should be used as a tool to restore a harmonizing balance to human society, and others people insist that the capital punishment is too cruel of punishment regardless of the crime. Accordingly, Many political, civic, religious community's members believe to impose the capital punishment on an individual deprives that person of their dignity and insist that the capital punishment should be abolished. Recently, movements are actively inaugurated of the abolishment of the capital punishment system. The purpose of this study is to explore the ethical rationale for the abolition of the capital punishment system based on christian forgiveness. This study is consist of two approach about the capital punishment, Firstly, I have looked about the historical background of the capital punishment. This review are expand our perspective about the capital punishment, and give us critical viewpoint about it. Secondly, I suggested that forgiveness is the very best gift received by God. Actually, forgiveness is not performed easily in daily life. But love and forgiveness based on christian spirituality are stronger than hatred and vengeance. The abolition of the capital punishment system bring Love of Christ into christian forgiveness. Conclusively, The abolition of capital punishment system be accomplished our country as soon as possible.
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    The German Christian Movement in the End Weimar Republic

    Baig, Yong Gi | 2006, 0(11) | pp.145~174 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The various thoughts, ideologies and politic actions reigned supreme in the Weimar Republic. No party held a majority in the National Assembly and on the other hand the extreme politic parties have been on a collision.The German Protestant, which was founded on civil class, didn't maintain the pluralism of the Weimar Republic. In the end of this republic it was drown more and more in the national and demagogue National SocialismIn the article I study the aspect between the Protestant and the National Socialism, especially centering around the actions of the German Christian, who kept guard on the National Socialist in a Church.I persue the Protestant's standpoint against the Weimar Republic, its conservative and national Character and election struggles in a church and so on.
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    Spinoza's Social-Political Thought

    Sam-Yel Park | 2006, 0(11) | pp.175~205 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this essay, I investigated the reason why Spinoza needs political philosophy in spite of his hard determinism. Afterwards, I researched his view of relationship between religion and politics in the Theological-Political Treatise, and also his argument about monarchies, aristocracies, and democracies in forms of government in the Political Treatise. In general, most people can only achieve the first kind of knowledge. They are unable to gain the highest happiness which Spinoza suggests in the Ethics, since they are unable to have an adequate idea. In order to make people saved from the fright and thus pursuing happiness, Spinoza tries to seek the best policies and systems of government such as monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy. The analysis and demonstration of appropriate principles of the constitutions for each form of government is the main task of the Political Treatise. For Spinoza himself, the purpose of state is to offer people a real freedom. He believed that democracy is the most natural form of government which guarantees freedom and equality. Thus, in the Theological-Political Treatise, he strongly suggested that democracy is the best format of which a government can pursue.
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    Christianity and Ministerial Ethic for Evangelism in Korea Context

    Choi,Tae-Soo | 2006, 0(11) | pp.237~252 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    1990년대 들어서면서 한국 교회는 성장을 멈추고 성장속도가 둔화하기 시작한다. 교회성장의 위기 상황을 극복하고 부흥의 불을 살리기 위해 교회는 목회자의 윤리적 목회철학과 문화적 전도 방법을 교회성장의 새로운 모델로 삼아야 한다. 본 논문은 문화와 복음간의 관계를 정리하고 한국적 상황 속에서 문화 안에 자리잡은 한국고유의 세계관을 통한 새로운 전도 방법을 실천적 측면에서 연구하였다.
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    Christian and Confucian Concepts of Vocation

    Sang Hoon Lee | 2006, 0(11) | pp.253~289 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    일반적으로 기독교 신학적 개념으로 이해되어지는 ‘소명’이 유교 사상에서도 발견되는가? 본 논문은 이 질문에 대해 그 가능성을 조심스럽게 논의해 보고자 하는 시도이다. 본 논문은 우선 소명에 관한 기독교 신학적 이해에 대해 살펴보았다. 여기서 소명을 개인적이고 사적인 차원과 공적 혹은 공동체적인 차원이 있음을 밝히고 전자를 “영역 주권론”과 관련하여 취급하였고 이어서 개인적이고 사적인 차원의 소명개념을 설명하였다. 개인적인 소명이해는 중세기를 거치면서 희랍적 유대문화와 로마제국의 정치질서의 영향으로 성사(聖事)와 명상중심의 영적인 삶과 성직에 치중하는 경향을 보였다. 그러나 종교개혁자들은 이러한 경향과 위축된 소명이해를 되돌려 신자 개인의 신앙을 강조하고 진정한 소명은 세속 세계의 일상적인 삶과 유리되지 않음을 강조하였다. 그럼 유교사상에서 기독교적 소명개념과 비교될 수 있는 사상은 무엇인가? 필자는 유교의 경세(經世)사상이 기독교의 소명개념과 유사하며 이 사상에서 유교적 소명의 가능성이 있음을 논의해 보았다. 그러나 기독교적 소명개념과 달리 유교의 경세사상은 우주와 사회의 조화를 강조하는 “천인(天人)합일” 사상의 영향으로 자아(自我)의 내면세계를 수련하려는 끊임없는 충동 혹은 동인(動因)이 외부 세계 (자연 세계와 인간 사회)와 관련해서는 발견되지 않음을 지적하였다. 또한 유교적 도(道)에서 노정되는 초월성의 약화는 정치적 보수화와 개혁과 변혁의 요소의 결여를 초래하였고 도덕적 엘리트 중심의 경세사상은 정치 영역으로 축소되는 경향을 보임으로 그 본래적 풍부성이 위축되고 광범위한 사회분야로의 적용 가능성을 차단하였다. 이에 본 논문은 기독교 신학적 소명 개념의 초월성과 타락으로 인한 인간과 자연세계와 인간사회의 변혁의 필요성에 대한 이해가 유교적 소명이해의 폭을 넓히고 그 보편적 적용 가능성을 제고 할수 있음을 주장하였다.