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2007, Vol., No.13

  • 1.

    Organ Donation and Brain Death; an Ethical Approach

    Moon, Si Young | 2007, (13) | pp.7~28 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Organ donation would be a practice of agape for saving patient's life. It has noble and moral meaning for Christians and others also. It is an ethical alternative to dealing in human organs for organ transplants. But, in Korea, shortage of organ for transplants resulted to be cases of purchasing foreigner's organ, e. g. Chinese. Now, Korean churchs eagerly try to promote promise of organ donation from volunteers. In this context, this paper studied the moral justification and ethical conditions for organ donation.There are two ways to procure human organs for transplants: from living donor and from brain death people. This paper focused on the latter, ‘organ donation from brain death people. Now, there are some principles for donation of human organ including autonomy and informed consent. And the key concept is autonomous agree on ment. But it is difficult to certify for brain death people who agree on organ donation in form of ‘living will’. In this case, the only way to decide of organ donation is, what so called, the ‘presumed consent’ of family. Now, presumed consent has some ethical difficulties for rights of decision maker of those cases. Who can decide properly? And what's the grounds of organ donation of brain death people.Now, this paper recommends shift from presumed consent to living will. In other words, organ donation must be justified by autonomous consent and voluntary devotion for agape. Organ transplants have to do with technology and medical issues. But organ donation is an ethical issue which is morally justifiable under the condition of ethical autonomy. And this study propose a task of transformation of traditional bio-culture to biblical view of life and death for Christian of Korea.
  • 2.

    Ethical Contemplation on Unbalanced Benefits in Korean Society

    Lee Sang Koo | 2007, (13) | pp.29~61 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Continuing industrialization and rapid economic rising status bring us to enter leading countries. On the contrary, we might face so many problems associated social imbalances as the gulf between rich and poor, concentration of population to the capital region, and maldistribution of industrial resources. There is no exception to the rule in medical resources. The improvements in economic status can make us to desire for best quality of medical services in various aspects. The high income brackets are seeking for best medical services, so they move to large hospital located in the capital or overseas.The limitation of national health insurance is now restrict so many people can receive limited medical services. As increasing desire for best medical services, it is natural to grow in supply for medical personnel and resources. But the main problem is imbalance of the medical opportunities. There are increasing the medical cost, concentration to capital region, non-insurance medical activities and overlapping of the investments.In this paper, I would alert the imbalances in medical personnel and medical resources in Korean society. After that, I would provide the key to solution of the problems associated imbalances. To overcome the possessing personal barrier like individualism and Money, we should return to calling of Protestantism. God blessing and Love can make us reach to Heaven in the world. We should remember the professional ethics and ethical principles govern the medical activities. The ethical judgement should be considered as putting in patient's place and be included biomedical ethics as principle of non-maleficence, justice and utility. The trinity of Lord in the bible is still showing interest in the disadvantaged people, an orphan or widow. We should change the medically imbalance society with warm heart as learned by the bible, we could make each other for the Lord's goodness.
  • 3.

    A Considerations of Christian Social Ethics regarding Population Cope with Low-Fertility

    Je,Seok-Bong | Changhoon Seog | 2007, (13) | pp.63~88 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Currently Korean society has been faced with the social problem of a extremely low-fertility. The population policies for the encouragement of fertility overflows like dam water. But, the research and debate against population policy are still insufficient. The purpose of this study is to review and criticise the phenomenon of Korea population policy and family planning from 1960's to now, to explore the social virtues of population policy evaluation, to suggest the alternatives of christian social ethics oriented to life culture. In result, Korean population policy and family planning have forced constraints about sexuality and fertility. In future, the formation of population program ought to evaluate ethical criteria-freedom, justice, general welfare-, to consider christian social ethics.
  • 4.

    Zoology versus Anthropology?: cal Reflection on the Great Ape Project

    Hyung-Min Kim | 2007, (13) | pp.89~120 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    1993 verffentlichte Singer gemeinsam mit Paola Cavalieri einen Aufsatzsammenlband, der als politisches Manifest prsentiert wird. Das heißt ‘The Great Ape Project’. Darin wird eine Deklaration der Vereinten Nationen ber das Recht auf Leben, das Recht auf Freiheit und das Recht auf Schutz vor Folter und Gewalt fr Schimpansen, Gorillas und Orang-Utans gefordert. Der Aufruf wird mit Beitrgen von vierunddreißig WissenschaftlicherInnen untersttzt. Unter den AutrorInnen sind u.a. die bekannte Ethologin Jane Goodall, der Philosoph und Tierrechtler Tom Regan, der Sonderpdagoge Christoph Ansttz und der Evolutionsbiologe Richard Dawkins. Mittlerweile knnte Neuseeland das erste Land werden, in dem diese Menschenrchte fr die hheren Primaten Geltung bekommen. Nach Peter Singers Argumentation sind auch Menschen im klassifikatorischen Sinn Große Menschenaffen. Der Ausschluß der anderen Menschenaffen von den fr alle menschenlichen Menschenaffen geltenden Menschenrechten sei daher willkrlich und ungerechtfertigt. Sie wird gegenwrtig im Licht von neuen Untersuchungen und Mglichkeit auf den Gebieten der Evolutionsbiologie diskutiert. Besonders geht es um die dichotome Gegenberstellung von Mensch und Tier. Des weiteren kommt dem Begriff der Gleichheit im Befreiungsbewegung eine große Bedeutung zu. Peter Singer thematisiert die Unterdrckung von Tieren aufgrund ihrer Spezieszugehrigkeit und verlangt ihre Gleichstellung. Aber es stellte sich die Frage, welche Bedeutung dem Rekurs auf Gleichheit generell in dieser Bewegungen zugemessen werden kann. Als Ergebnis meiner Untersuchung ist festzustellen, daß Peter Singer in seiner Theorie eine neue Dichotomie zwischen Personen und Nicht-Personen etablieren wrde, auch wenn er veranlßt, auf die dem menschlichen Handeln am Tier, besonders an den drei anderen Großen Menschenaffenarten Schimpanse, Gorilla und Orang-Utan zugrunde liegenden moralischen Prinzipien und Normen zu reflektieren.
  • 5.

    An Ethical Study on Homosexuality: Is Homosexuality a Sin?

    Hee-Soo Kim | 2007, (13) | pp.121~142 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Is Homosexuality a sin? Some say it is and some say it is not. People's attitude toward homosexuality has been changing. Christian tradition has considered homosexuality as a deadly sin. They used the biblical texts as the basis of their condemnation. However, there has been different point of views in interpreting the related biblical texts. Some theologians say that the biblical texts do not condemn homosexuality itself or the natural born homosexuals but focus on either the homosexual behaviors done by the heterosexuals and bisexuals or the homosexual ritual ceremony of the other religions or races. There are many countries(including traditionally Christian countries) which have legalized the homosexual marriage, partnership, or adoption. This means that there are many people and countries that no longer consider homosexuality as a sin or an immoral behavior. This article will deal with the core issues of homosexuality and prove that homosexuality can't be treated as a sin.
  • 6.

    The Korea-U.S. FTA and Christian Ethical Tasks

    Janghyung Lee | 2007, (13) | pp.143~160 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    First, we should look at this treaty and its related issues from a wider perspective. It is true that various theological and ethical analyses need to be attempted, and yet an economic analysis and evaluation should come first. In fact, the FTA itself can be considered value neutral. The issue is how we can accept and develop the treaty. We should avoid both an overly optimistic attitude and excessive criticism.Second, as far as the negative effect of the treaty is concerned, pastoral care and consideration of the minorities in Korean society are required. Korean churches should actively engage in pastoral care of those who would suffer from the negative effects of the treaty. Above all, farmers and fishermen are expected to be hit hardest by the treaty, and it will adversely affect many churches and ministries in rural areas and fishing villages.Third, the negative effect of the Korea-U.S. FTA should be taken to urge Korean churches to make more efforts at evangelism and the extension of the Kingdom of God. A continuous critical reflection on materialism and technology can be seen as an important task of Christian ethics. In face of the rapid change of human society (as in the FTA era), an appropriate Christian view of materialism and vocation should be redefined and reconfirmed. Since their old, invalid understanding cannot be valid any more, a new paradigm of redefined worldview is necessary for Korean churches to make a ultimate contribution to the development of all global Christian churches.
  • 7.

    A Sociological Study on Society and its Restricting Power on the Christian Life and Practice

    Chull Lee | 2007, (13) | pp.161~182 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze sociologically the following question: why do Christians find it hard to live by faith in the society? The reason is usually ascribed to such individualistic explanation as lack of faith or willingness, worldly temptation, and worry about life. But this study believes they fall far short of fully accounting for the question, and to answer it more properly an examination of its social aspect is needed. Sociological and Psychological theories are thus adopted for this study to ask what is the nature and role of society to individuals and why individuals hold a subordinate relationship with their society. The theoretical research leads this study to the second question: in what way Christians become more independent from the power of society. This study suggests a Biblical approach. It believes Biblical interpretation of society can give a way of answering the question. Last, several ways of being more susceptible to live by faith than to follow the world are suggested with sociological and religious point of view.
  • 8.

    Socio-ethical Reflection of Korean Church under South-North Division Era

    Do-Hong Jou | 2007, (13) | pp.183~206 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    A meeting between atheistic socialism and theistic Christianity is difficult, but it is not impossible. The key is to exercise the Christian ethic of love for one's enemy and consequently move the atheist. This method, through the employment of Christian ethics, is effective in its ability to allow understanding to occur between the two parties. This type of occurance is non other than a meeting with athiests through Christian Diaconia. Even under communist rule, the former Eastern block hosted large Christian rallies. Hungary's Budapest was a host to the Lutheran Church's world-wide conference and East Germany hosted huge celebratory events, with outside guests, in commemoration of the 500th anniversary of the Reformer Luther's birth. These episodes are memorable and momentous events that occured under atheist communist control. This paper investigates how such events were made possible and addresses the appropriate history lessons that should be taken away. Afterwards, the issue of how the Korean Church should approach the matter of the upcoming Pyongyang rally is addressed. Particularly, the manner in which the German Church engaged East Germany in Diaconia(service) is historically explored and applied. How the Christian ethic of love was made specific and tangible is additionally investigated. In other words, the type of approach and philosophy that is appropriate in dealings with socialism, in accordance to God's love as was given by Christ on the cross, will be attempted to make clear. The research will primarily consist of a practical investigation into one of today's most salient issues, that is, in what manner and in accordance to what ethics the Korean Church should approach the 2007 Pyongyang Rally, the Church's 100 year anniversary of the great revival. In turn, the hope is to envision a socially ethical philosophy for the Korean Church's expression of Diaconia.
  • 9.

    Ministrial Ethics on Culture in Korean Context

    Choi,Tae-Soo | 2007, (13) | pp.207~222 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    복음과 문화는 신학의 중요한 주제이며 복음과 문화의 관계설정을 통해 한국사회와 교회를 설명하려는 노력을 많은 신학자들이 해왔다. 본 논문은 복음과 문화의 관계를 한국적 상황 속에서 정리하였으며 특별히 한국인이 느끼는 여러 감정 중 기분(氣分) 이라는 단어의 개념 정리를 통해 한국문화의 특색을 정리하였다. 또한 본 논문은 전통적인 한국의 문화적 특징을 한국인의 세계관으로 정리하고 한국의 전통문화가 현대사회 속에서 어떻게 문화적 변화를 일으켰는지 고찰하였다. 이러한 문화적 고찰을 토대로 성숙한 한국 현대사회의 교회 문화 발전을 위한 목회 윤리학적인 접근 방법을 소개해 보았다.