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2008, Vol., No.15

  • 1.

    목회자 납세논란을 통해 본 교회의 공공성

    Moon, Si Young | 2008, (15) | pp.7~30 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Nowadays, taxation on pastors is one of hot issues in Korea. Some people blame pastors as an immoral man who refuse tax-paying. Moreover, some broadcasting company reported the issue as a scandal of church through their special program. Especially, many Koreans tend to misunderstand pastors and Christians as immoral and egoistic. Of course, there are some moral issues on pastor’s tax, including justice of taxation, international practices of taxation, etc. But, from the perspective of social ethics, the issue is not the personal or moral problem of pastors but the problems of Korean tradition of taxation and social policy. According to Reinhold Niebuhr, social problems must be approached through a social method including policy or system on social issues. So, this paper focused on the problem of social policy and institutional factors around the taxation on pastors. On this base, this paper studied the ethical meaning and task for moral maturity of Korea church. In fact, because of pastor’s tax-free tradition of Korea, there were no questions on pastor’s civic duty, especially on income tax. But social shift to civil society calls into a moral question on civic duties and morality of pastors. And the core demand of Korea civil society is church’s change to be more public. In this context, this paper has deep concerns about ‘public theology’ of Max L. Stackhouse. He proposed the idea of public theology which overcome the privatization of Christian faith. In this context, this paper focused on public theology also.Now, this paper concluded that Korea church and pastors has the possibility of ethical maturity in Korea civil society through public concern. Especially, in public theology, Christian have already the possibility and ability to be public. Therefore, public concern and practice for ethical maturity of Korea church must be the most meaningful solution of moral challenge in critical times.
  • 2.

    세계화의 능동적 수용과 기독교적 책임- 스택하우스(Max L. Stackhouse)의 공공신학을 중심으로 -

    Janghyung Lee | 2008, (15) | pp.31~55 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    An increasing attention is given to such ethical themes as the publicness of Christianity, public theology, and globalization. As globalization loom increasingly large on the horizon, its growing burden also stands at the center of theological debates. It seems true that the reality of the globalization and its future expansion cannot be denied. But there are still many people who have indefinable feeling of uneasiness and rejection of this unprecedented phenomena. South Korea is already turning into a multi-racial and multi-cultural society without sufficient preparation, even if it has been enjoying racially homogeneous nation as its national pride for many centuries. It is also true that the influence of corporations in a globalized society is ever-augmenting in a way we have never experienced before. Especially considering that globalization is often misunderstood as solely related to and resulting from neo-liberalism or Americanization, I find it Christian responsibility to take up this significant issue as one of its important tasks. There has been a variety of attempts to interpret globalization, but in my judgement, many of them prove to be fundamentally problematic. Two typical examples can be found in a capitalist model and a socialist model, both of which fail to develop persuasive argument. The spiritual and religious nature and character underlying globalization should not be ignored while simply focusing on economic aspects of globalization as exposed in those two examples. A proper understanding of dynamics of globalization can come with the thorough study on religion’s relevance to culture, in particular the relationship between religion and economy. An outdated invalid approach cannot be effectively applied to dealing with globalization and its related issues. A new paradigm may be required to help do justice to all aspects of globalization and this can ultimately serve as a stepping stone for the Korean churches to take an active part in the global arena.
  • 3.

    Kim Jaejun's Ideas of Peace

    Jiseok Jung | 2008, (15) | pp.57~86 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This essay deals with Kim Jaejun’s idea of peace in the light of just war theory and pacifism which have represented Christian attitudes to war and peace. His attitudes to Korean war, Vietnam war and the issue of sending Korean soldiers to Vietnam, nuclear war and weapons, militarism are examined in turn, and the theological influences on the attitudes are explored. Kim Jaejun saw that a war against Communism could be justified, and in that sense perceived Korean war and Vietnam war as just wars. In the same way he understood Vietnam war as a just war against Communism. However he criticized that a policy of Park Chunghee regime to send Korean troops to Vietnam was morally wrong. He was a moral just war theorist who adhered to ‘peace oriented just war theory’ based on morality. He recognized a necessity of a military buildup to defend a liberal democracy from a Communist attack. In this regard he understood peace as a politically realistic idea compatible with security and freedom. Basically Kim Jaejun’s idea of peace was based on just war theory. On the other hand he assumed an absolute pacifism so far as the issue of nuclear war and weapon. The theological influence on Kim Jaejun’s idea of peace is explored in terms of Christian realism, love, freedom, social justice and his life and spirituality. A connection between spirituality and peace is seen in Kim’s religious seeking for the spirituality of poverty, the lives and spiritualities of St. Francis and Tolstoy in particular. For Kim Jaejun peace is defined theologically as a practice of love with justice and freedom.
  • 4.

    A Critical Study of American Christian Fundamentalism focusing on the Moral Majority Movement in terms of the similarity of Korean Christian Fundamentalism

    ShinHyungSeong | 2008, (15) | pp.87~107 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    본고는 현재 더욱 근본주의 경향이 심화되어가고 있는 한국 교회에 대한 관심을 가지고 시작되었다. 20세기 초에 시작되었던 미국의 기독교 근본주의 운동이 현재 미국의 정치에까지 영향을 미치고 있는 현실을 감안하면, 한국의 근본주의 기독교도 이러한 패턴을 따라가고 있는 것 같다. 이러한 현상을 연구하기 위해서 1970년대 말부터 1990년대 까지 미국 전역에 걸쳐서 일어났던 근본주의 기독교 운동인 “The Moral Majority”를 이 글에서 다루고 있다. 이 운동이 미국 사회의 근원의 문제인 백인 우월주의와 어떻게 맞닿고 있는지, 이 운동이 여성을 바라보는 입장의 문제, 도덕이라는 명분하에 다른 사람들을 억압하는 구조적인 문제, 사회 문화적인 현상을 자신들의 근본주의 시각에서 끌고 가려고 하는 문제들에 대해서 이 논문은 그 현상을 분석하고 있다. 이러한 분석을 바탕으로 이 논문은 한국 교회가 미국의 근본주의 운동이 가지고 있는 한계와 잘못을 그대로 따라가고 있는 현상을 지적하고 있다.
  • 5.

    변화하는 시대상황과 낙태

    Hee-Soo Kim | 2008, (15) | pp.111~139 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    When a new age comes, new social needs occur and new ethical principles are needed and formed. Abortion is one example of this. Views on abortion have changed through human history. Simply asking whether abortion is a sin or ethical act is an improper, thus the wrong, question. Abortion is a very complicated issue. The act of abortion needs to be judged according to the circumstances. Some people say that it is the sin of manslaughter. On the other hand, some say that it is just getting rid of a collection of cells. Others take the middle view by saying that it is a sin but ok if done within a certain period of time because the fetus is not considered to be a human person yet within that time period. Still other people say that abortion must be prohibited in all circumstances, as opposed to those who say that there are unavoidable exceptional cases. Some people say that a pregnant woman’s human rights are more important than that of the fetus, therefore the decision must be given solely to the pregnant woman. Yet some say that the right of the fetus is more important than the pregnant woman’s. Korea has a law prohibiting abortion except in a few unavoidable extreme situations. However, people do not keep the law. They just go ahead and abort the fetus regardless of the circumstances. Many medical doctors perform abortions without considering the ethics of their actions and many of them even see abortion as a chance to make a fortune. Also there are people who argue that socio-economic considerations must be added to the list of unavoidable reasons for abortion. Meanwhile other people say that abortion allowed due to diseases must now be removed from the list because the development of medical and genetic science can cure those diseases. Indeed, abortion is a very complicated issue. This article will deal with these issues and offer a few guidelines. .
  • 6.

    기독교 수사학과 윤리- 아우구스티누스의『기독교 교육론』을 중심으로 -

    문영식 | 2008, (15) | pp.141~167 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Augustine accepted Ancient Greek and Rome’s Rhetoric, he used it as a tool to protect a Christianity truth. The main purpose of Ancient Greek and Rome’s Rhetoric is a persuasion through a speech. But the main focus of Ausgustin’s rhetoric is how to deliver a Christianity truth and effectively communicate others.He emphasize that Christianity teacher must use clear language and rich vocabulary and learn rhetorical principle and rule to express delicate language. But before all the rhetorical principle and rule, the more important thing is without ethic of life based on a Christianity truth, there is no communication with common people.Today, the major reason why a Christianity truth is disregarded is not a lack of truth but loss of life ethic who cherish a Christianity truth.This article focus on Augustine stress that in order to a Christianity truth communicate with common people, he emphasize the importance of the rhetoric and Christianity teacher’s life ethics.
  • 7.

    The Study on the religious socialism in the German speaking countries

    백용기 | 2008, (15) | pp.169~197 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The real socialism was collapsed. Also the socialism is accounted of fruitless. But from the capitalism after the industry revolution to the new liberalism a socialism or the social thoughts is a alternative or a guide of the future for the poor and the suffered. The idea and history af the christian socialism offer a christian who has a concern about such economic and social problems as to full suggestions. The Idea of the christian socialism begins from the neighbor love in the New Testament. The christian socialists enlarged their works to the field of the whole life with a politic, economic and social systems. Especially they concentrated upon the social inequality and the life of labour. Historically in a christian sect movement we take cognizance of the thoughts and works of the christian socialism. But it is useful that he takes an approach the prehistory of the christian socialist from the christian social movements after the industry revolution which brings directly about the capitalism. Above all the German christian socialism is important in the church history and christian idea history. The participated people in the movements were classified in three groups. The first group came from the liberal, the second sympathized with the proletariat before 1917 revolution and the last group explained the war and the terrible of the war. The christian socialist toke active parts in four fields, namely church work(Gemeindearbeit), church politic(Kirchenpolitik), general politic(Grosse Politik), and conferences(Kongressen). At that time the church regarded the christian socialist as non-christian. But also the social movement attacked the christian socialist from the view of materialism. So they didn’t gain anyone’s affections. They were attacked by the church and also any Parties and rights and lefts too, so that they need a struggle in order to take out their bat. But they ended because of interference of the national socialism in 1933.
  • 8.

    The First story of Christian Ethics in Korean Church

    오지석 | 2008, (15) | pp.199~221 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, I researched the starting point on “Korean Christian Ethics”.The ethical encounter between the East and the West occurred during the 17th, 18th century in Korea. For 18th century korean christian accepted Jesuit ministry works for the Western-Christian ethics. I focused on Jesuit’s ethical thought in the Far East. 18th century korean Christian accepted Jesuit ministry works for the Western-Christian ethics. In 18th Korean Christian Society, Matteo Ricci’s ethical thought and Pantoja’ Seven Victories (七克) has a great influence on a religious life. The main focus of this thesis is on moral and ethics in latter Josun. For despite a great difference between Seo-Hahk(Jesuit ministry works) and Neo- Confucian Ethics in latter Josun, I find the starting point on “Korean Christian Ethics”.
  • 9.

    이슬람 테러리즘과 대테러 전쟁에 관한 고찰

    이종원 | 2008, (15) | pp.223~250 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze Islamic Fundamentalism and what values radical Islamic Fundamentalists hold. Also it is to criticize the war on terrorism which the USA started. To achieve these aims, I will survey the September 11th terrorist attacks and the idea of the Jihad. I will propose a realistic solution to the problem of Islamic Fundamentalists’ Terrorism from the perspective of christian ethics.Terrorism is an act where terrorist enforce radical terror, fear and anxiety on people to achieve their political purpose. Hopeless Muslims expose their rage and frustration in a radical method through suicide bombings in the name of a Jihad.The September 11th terrorist attacks provided unrecovered injury, fear and panic to the world in the form of indiscriminate violence and vulnerability of the innocent. We recognized the nature of human’s destruction from the September 11th.The war against terrorism that America adopted after September 11th is the wrong solution. The result of the war is more terrible than terrorism. Islamic Fundamentalism is an idea or movement that keeps Koranic teachings and practices it in common life.A Jihad justifies their radical and ruthless terrorism by Islamic Fundamentalists. However, The Great Jihad was identified as the internal Jihad or struggle against one’s soul in the practice of righteousness.Therefore, we must analyze the distorted ideology in radical terrorism and recover the original meaning of Jihad. Spontaneously, we must correct western prejudices and the wrong viewpoint toward Islamic Fundamentalism and Jihad.Tolerance and respect are good elements to overcome the prejudice and self righteousness like as Fundamentalism. We must also correct the international injustice system and explore ways of coexistence and prosperity together. We must teach and practice the love of life in the basis of the idea of respect for life.