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2012, Vol., No.23

  • 1.

    Christian Ethical Evaluation of Welfare Policy of the Korean Government: Focused on Formation and Change of Welfare Regime

    Won-Don Kang | 2012, (23) | pp.7~52 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    In this article, I have tried to evaluate the welfare policy of the Korean government from the perspective of Christian ethics. Since government welfare policies and programs are extensive, I have focused only on basic lines of its welfare policy. The welfare regime is closely linked with the development regime in the Korean society. Therefore, I have first analyzed the settlement of the state-initiated development regime and its configuration to the neoliberal development regime. Second, I have analyzed the historical process in which the developmentalist welfare regime came into being and has been changed gradually to the neoliberal welfare regime. Third, in order to evaluate the welfare policy of the Korean government, I have articulated two criteria of evaluation from a Christian ethical perspective: criterion of human dignity and criterion of justice. From the theological concept of human dignity I have drawn the principle that everyone has the right for welfare. Moreover, I have owed to the requirements of justice the principle that the state is obligated to provide every person and citizen with all the goods and opportunities which are essential and indispensable for the life in human dignity. Last, I have indicated the problems of the developmentalist and the neoliberal welfare regime and evaluated the regimes in terms of the above mentioned criteria. The developmentalist welfare regime which abided to the state raison ‘growth prior to distribution’ made welfare dependent on the economic development. From Christian ethical viewpoints, the developmentalist state is criticized for accepting only minimal responsibility for protecting human rights for welfare and fulfilling the requirements of justice. As far as the neoliberal welfare regime is concerned, it is a welfare regime which accommodates to the extreme subjugation of labor to capital under the conditions of economic globalization. The concept of labor obligation which forms the core of the neoliberal welfare regime is inclined to negate human rights for welfare and holds a number of people in the trap of working poverty. Therefore, the neoliberal welfare regime is insufficient for securing the life of the people in dignity and meeting the requirements of justice.
  • 2.

    The Condition of Perfect Happiness

    Jong won, Lee | 2012, (23) | pp.53~82 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, I want to survey the condition of perfect happiness. We normally think that happiness is subjective state of mind, but we should treat happiness as concept connected community directively. And also we must relate happiness with spiritual dimension beyond public well-fare. I propose well-being as individual happiness, and well-fare as happiness of public dimension, and then spiritual well-being as happiness of spiritual dimension. I hold that perfect happiness realize in our life when these three dimension come true harmoniously. Today, well-being becomes new trend in our society. This trend combines commercialized consumption culture. But this is not good well-being. Individual happiness means not pleasure nor content, but well and good life. Therefore happiness means that we live good life with virtue. Well-fare means happiness of institutional and collective concept. If we enjoy the happiness, we must stand on the basis spiritual well-being that gives the meaning and ultimate goal of life. If we accept our life as the gift and blessing of God and thank to God, we will feel spiritual happiness. This is true and everlasting happiness that fulfill life itself. Therefore true happiness is good life with virtue and good relationship with others, and good spirit with God.
  • 3.

    Love is the Root of Happiness!: A Study on the Discourse of ‘Love Ethic’ in Contemporary Christian Ethics.

    Lee, Chang-Ho | 2012, (23) | pp.83~121 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Given that love is the root of happiness, three questions inform my inquiry in this paper. The first is about the content of agape. What is agape? What normative implications does it contain? The second relates to the justification for universal and particular moral commitments in terms of love. On what grounds can each commitment be justified? The third discusses the relationship between agape as a universal love and special relations(family, friends, co-religionists,compatriots, etc.). Although many scholars have addressed the relationship between particular and universal moral commitments in the Christian tradition, I will highlight two major approaches to this inquiry. One is what I call ‘universality-centered’ approach. Gene Outka and Gilbert Meilaender represent this approach, which focuses on the content of agape and its connection to special relations. The other is what I call ‘particularity-centered’ approach. Its major proponents are Stephen Post and Stephen Pope, who evidently give the primacy to the special relations. I will proceed by briefly examining the two approaches and compare these three camps, highlighting similarities and differences among them. I conclude with some ethical suggestions which can contribute to a richer normative understanding of Christian love.
  • 4.

    Reflection on the Economic Movement Christians of Korea under Japanese Colonial Rule in terms of Public Theology and the task of the church of Korea

    myung bae Kim | 2012, (23) | pp.125~157 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This article is to reflect upon the economic movements Christians of Korea under Japanese colonial rule, and is to look at the tasks of the church of Korea in terms of Public theology. Under Japanese colonial rule, Koreans were experiencing the economic distress in the exploitation of the Japanese Government-General of Korea. In this situation, the Christians in Seoul and Pyongyang had developed a large number of economic movements for the construction of National Capitalist Economy on the basis of Silryeokyangseongron. They were especially carried out the public responsibility of the church based on the Protestant Puritan ethics. Therefore, the article is to evaluate the economic movements Christians of Korea under Japanese colonial rule in terms of Public theology. And then, through this evaluation, this article researches for what is the public responsibility of the church for people suffering under Today’s Neo-liberal Economic Order. For these purposes, At First, it historically deals with the economic movements of Christians of Korea under Japanese colonial rule. Secondly, it theologically deals with a question that how does the Christian had performed the public responsibility in the area of the economy. Thirdly, It deals with a question what is the Neo-liberal Economic Order and what is the society of Korea influenced by it. Finally, it deals with the tasks of the church of Korea under the Neo-liberal Economic Order in terms of Public Theology.
  • 5.

    Hauerwas on Church as the Community of Character

    Moon, Si Young | 2012, (23) | pp.159~186 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    What’s the most important task of church in these times? To respond to question,this paper studied on ‘church as the community of virtue’ in Stanley Hauerwas’s ethics. As we know, Hauerwas earned the nickname, ‘ecclesial ethics’for his ethics. Focusing on Jesus narrative and church, Hauerwas insists that the first task of church is being itself. This paper views church as moral agency, school of virtue, and community of character according to Christian communitarianism. Especially, the Christian communitarianism draws strength from the increasing dissociation of church and civil society in the western world. It has features of virtue ethics. And it has to be understand from the context of virtue, community, and narrative. Most of all, this paper emphasized the moral significance of church as the community for enhancing Christian virtues or character. In this meaning, church of ecclesial ethics would be interpreted as the school of virtue or community of Christian character. In spite of criticism of ‘sectarian withdrawal’, the ecclesial ethics of Hauerwas gives very important insight for church in Korean context. But, the most essential task of Christian virtue ethics must be transformed from peace to being church itself. In short, the focuses of this paper are as follows: (1)church must be a community of character via Jesus narrative. (2)the most important virtue of church in Korea is ‘being church itself’.
  • 6.

    A Theological Analysis of the Relationship of Suicide and Salvation and It’s Implication to Pastoral Ethics

    Shin, Wonha | 2012, (23) | pp.187~220 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The statement that “Suicide is unforgivable sin” has been spreading in Korean church for long time. It causes a lot of bitterness and suffering for the bereaved,although it might have preventive effect against suicide. But it needs to be theologically analyzed whether or not it is biblically and morally grounded. This article first of all surveys the decisive ecclesiastical statements regarding suicide in the councils in church history throughout the medieval age. It also deals with doctrines of mortal sins, the relationship of salvation and suicide, and unforgivable sins. In addition, it examines its relationship in the light of the doctrine of perseverance of the saints and God’s eternal decree, which are contained in a significant Protestant confession of faith, Westminst Confession of Faith. Finally, on the basis of this theological conclusion, it suggests some guidelines for pastors to take care of the bereaved and some preventive ways against suicide.
  • 7.

    The Expansion of Engineering Ethics Education and the Tasks of Christian Universities

    Dae Sung Lee | 2012, (23) | pp.221~245 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, I critically examine the process of the introduction and operation of the Engineering Ethics Education(EEE) in Korean universities, as a requirement of the ABEEK(Accreditation Board for Engineering Education for Korea) which was founded in 1999. The purpose of this examination is to identify serious problems and limitations of the current EEE and to come up with suggestions for its improvement, particularly in the context of Christian universities in Korea. As the influence of ABEEK increased, more universities in Korea wanted to be considered for its accreditation. As a result, great number of EEE courses were created without enough preparation. Many problems were revealed in the design and operation of EEE. Most of EEE courses were developed in isolation, without any organic connection with other general education courses. Particularly in Christian universities, when EEE courses are taught without a tight connection with the educational goal of the institution, the founding principles of the universities can be neglected or challenged. Because it has been more than 10 years since the introduction of EEE in Korean universities, it is now necessary to redesign the EEE. In this paper, I survey the history of the introduction of EEE in Korea briefly. Then, I examine the theoretical debates about the necessity and definition of Engineering Ethics. The argument for the necessity of EEE, and the goal and content of EEE will be followed. Next, I will describe the problems and the limitations of the EEE. And I will conclude this paper with a proposal for the improvement of EEE in the context of the Christian universities in Korea. The most important arguments of this paper can be summarized as follows. The limitations of the EEE so far: (1)Focused on the micro-level ethics, (2) No organic relationship with other general education courses, (3)Not aware of the ethical issues in the ABEEK system itself.